CAPITAL BUDGETING IN A PRIVATE SECTOR (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BREWERIES)
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The main objective o this research work is to develop systematically the beginning of and various stages in capital budgeting.
Indeed, the aim is to provide an integrated presentation of capital budgeting and to view the unity of the subject matter in such a way that the questions of “how” and “why” are easily answered.
The topics, sales forecasting (touched briefly) and forecasting of financial requirements as they relate to capital budgeting are covered. The other section of this research work include literature review, research methodology, case study and analysis of data and summary of findings recommendation and conclusion.
The section in literature review is quite extensive when compared to other sections of this research work. it is the intention of the researcher to bring out the essentials that relate to capital budgeting and hint on those that relate to the company under study. It is hope that those that do not elate to the company will find it useful, to students with interest in capital budgeting and who capital budgeting and who carryout their research work on their companies in Nigeria and aboard.
This research work is written in language that will make it easy for many people to read and understand. It is my hope that it will enhance the attractiveness of capital budgeting for a large number of audience.
- Problem statement 2
- Hypothesis 6
- Limitations of study 8
- Significance of study 9
- Definition of terms 12
- Ranking investment proposal 14
- Post auditing of the investment decision 17
- Analysis of capital projects 19
- Capital rationing 35
Research methodology and designation
- Sources of data 55
Case study and analysis of data and presentation
- Profile of Diamond breweries limited 61
- Organisational structure with special –
Summary of findings, recommendation and conclusion
- Summary of findings 75
- Recommendations 78
- Conclusion 80
INTERVIEW QUESTIONS 83
Every business firm normally will like to know how it performed over a period of times, thus leading to the preparation of profit and loss statement. They also ask about their position at a particular point in time which leads them to prepare balance sheet. Finally, they will like to know where they are heading, which has led to the preparation of budgets.
Budget is term used locally by a lay man. Lay man confuse budgeting with planning. A budget is part of a plan. A plan can be expressed in monetary and non-monetary term. Any plan that is qualified in monetary term is a budget. A budget, therefore, can be succulently defined as a statement of intention qualified in monetary term.
In budgeting there are types of budget prepared by firms. Such budgets includes capital budgets, cash budgets, sales budget and so on.
The process of preparing capital budget is called capital budgeting. Capital budgets are long term budgets made for acquisition and expansion of fixed assets. Capital budgets are prepared by many films today. It was originated in the United States of America (USA). In America it was applied by firms before the second world war.
After the second world war many firms saw the need to plan for capital expenditure, hence it is prevalence today.
Nigerian breweries limited, Monarch larger beer and other beverages, are not left out in the train of firms which prepare budgets for its capital expenditure. this is, however, not easy as it is fraught with a lot of problems.
- PROBLEMS STATEMENT
The main purpose of setting up a private firm is to achieve enough sales revenue that will cover fixed and variable costs as well as leave out enough profit to justify its existence.
Nigerian breweries limited being a private enterprise involved in brewing beer has the objective of making huge profits.
Brewers all over Nigeria witness heavy returns on their investments due to export of their products to neighboring African countries as well as the high consumption rte of beer in the country. This was before the year 1982.
The introduction of many stringent economic measures after the year 1982, aimed at revamping the nations ailing economy, brought with its many problems of which the brewing industry is not left out.
In order to produce, firms in the breweries industry (including Nigerian breweries limited) acquires fixed assets as well as raw materials.
These acquisitions are based one expect demand. The demand for beer cannot now be fairly estimated because of the general rise in prices. General rise has made consumers of beer shift their demand to other goods of necessity thus leading to decrease in demand