Category Archives: Estate Management Project Material Sample

INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY AS A CATALYST

INVESTMENT IN AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY AS A CATALYST IN ORUMBA NORTH L.G.A OR ANAMBRA STATE

 

 

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ABSTRACT

Investment in agriculture was purely on subsistence basis in the past until recent when it has been operated on large scale. It is a booming venture in developed countries of world. In Nigeria, it is mainly focused on cash crops. Live stocks, fishery. Wood lands pasture lane etc. Most of them are owned by government and their agents. The emphasis and campaign placed on agricultural property investment has made individuals to embark on such venture. Due to the fact that the benefit derived from agriculture and numerous, the government has started giving proper attention to investing in agricultural properties rather than hoping on oil for the economy. In this project research work, the main objectives are to discuss, on the investment in agricultural properties as a catalyst in Orumba North local Government Area, the types and their importance the impacts, problems affecting it etc. Going by the widely prevalent thirst are urge for investing in agricultural property however, my recommendations are conclusion are very lively to favour the positive effects.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPER ONE

  • Introduction

1.1     Background of study

1.2     Statement of problem

1.3     Research questions

1.4     Purpose of the study

1.5     Significant of the study

1.6     Limitation of the study

1.7     Definition of terms

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature Review

2.1     History / overview

2.2     Source of investment (investment options)

2.3     Property as an investment

2.4     Investment in Agricultural property in Nigeria

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Research methodology

3.1     Background and location of the study

3.2     Types of Agricultural property investment in Orumba North L.G.A

3.3     The benefits of Agricultural property investment

3.4     Research Methodology and data collection

3.5     Sources of data collection

3.6     Types of technique used

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Problems affecting agricultural property investment.

4.1     The impact of agricultural investment property

4.2     Problems affecting agricultural property

4.3     Possible solution to the problems

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1     Summary

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

References

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION:

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Investment in agricultural property is not advanced as that of developed countries of the world. Agricultural property investment amounts to all investment operation in such property as cash crops, livestock, pasture land, cottage etc.

Nigeria generally is blessed with fertile and large area of land with abundant human and natural resources, which if harnessed effectively under the guide and supervisor of the experienced property manager  (Estate surveyors) will help a lot in solving the battered economy of Nigeria.

Inspite of the numerous benefit derived from agricultural properties, Nigeria still give it little attention they keep on hoping on crude oil for the economy instead of diversifying her investment in other resource like Agricultural property.

With the benefit ard returns realizable form the investment in agricultural properties, it will serve as an alternative. Sources of life and a catalyst for speeding development of rural areas.

1.2   STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Investment in Agricultural properties in rural areas amounts to under utilization of both natural and human resources to boost the increase in production of food and cash crops etc in large quantity.

This work is made to know how agricultural investors would achieve their objectives. It will be shown that agricultural property investment is a worthwhile and beneficial venture forming the catalyst to rural development and economic revetry of Nigeria’s battered economy.

 

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTION

Due to some hindrance encountered in agricultural investment in some area: the following questions were emanated on its effect to the area of study.

  1. Will agricultural investment reduce the increase of unemployment in the country?
  2. Is there any formal training for investors?
  3. can the investors in agricultural properties receive any grant, from he government?
  4. What are the major problem facing the investment in agricultural properties?

1.4   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The main purpose of this research work of agricultural investment as a catalyst to Orumba North Local Government area centers of the following:

i       To assess agricultural property investment as a catalyst to rural, development.

ii      To assess different investment as an agricultural property.

iii     To examine investment in agricultural properties in order to assessing the benefits.

iv     To examine the problems facing the investors in Agricultural property.

v      The make recommendations on how the agricultural properties can be handled in order to make the best use of it.

 

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This project work is basically concerned on the returns from investment in agricultural property, therefore, every effort is eared to explore and expose some.

To that effect, the study limit itself within the bounds of investment operations in agricultural properties in Orumba North local government area. it does organized in such a way that the study is made on specific benesity from the government and individual or private investors point of view.

 

  • LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

Some unavoidable limitation encountered by the researcher when conducting the project have hindered a comprehensive research work. These includes:

  • Time Dimension: The time factor has a serious input in conducting this research work. Time lay between the short academic calendar makes the researcher to rush the work thereby boycotting some necessary findings.
  • Lack of finance: Since the research work being done within limited income while there is a drastic increase in the cost of terms like transportation fare, typing and binding. These are the major expenses involved in it which has to be limited to the available income.

1.7               DEFINITION OF TERMS

INVESTMENT: This is the giving up of a capital sum in return for an income or benefit to be derived periodically. At times, the return is a lump sun or in a non-monetary form (benefit).

AGRICULTURE: This means as the cultivation of the land for the purpose of producing food for man, feed for animals and raw materials for industries.

PROPERTY: This is the right an individual or group of individual exercise over a thing. It includes the exclusive right to use, possess and exclude others.

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AGRICULTURAL PROPERTY INVESTMENT: This is he operation on such properties as cash crops. Livestock, pasture lane, cottages and farm, houses, dairy and arable faming and fishing.

RURAL AREA: It refers to that portion of area which are situated outside urban and cities location. Rural areas are predominantly undeveloped lands occupied of green or natural environment viably grass, forestry etc.

DEVELOPMNET: This is a systematic enrolment of potentialities of a thing. For example land.

RURAL DEVELOPMENT: This term is used to improve the economic and social life or the people the rural area such as housing, electricity, water,

 

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LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP, ITS EFFECTS ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OWERRI URBAN OF IMO STATE

LANDLORD AND TENANT RELATIONSHIP, ITS EFFECTS ON PROPERTY VALUES IN OWERRI URBAN OF IMO STATE

 

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ABSTRACT

In long-term business relationships the customer experience is affected by how the customer perceives the quality of customer relationship. The purpose of this paper is to understand the customer relationship quality construct in tenant relationships in a business-to-business environment.

METHODOLOGY / APPROACH: The theoretical framework is adapted from relationship marketing literature and this is then applied in case study settings to five customer companies in a landlord and tenant relationship. The paper framework of 13 relationship quality attributes and applies these to the case companies. Findings: The results suggest that some of the suggested relationship quality attributes have an importance in a landlord relationship while some suggested attributes have less value.

Research limitations /implications:- The case studies were conducted in companies that occupy office premises in multi-user.

Originality/value: This paper introduces theoretical understanding from relationship marketing literature into the real estate and adds practical understanding of customer relationship management into the rental business.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction

1.1     Background of study

1.2     Statement of problem

1.3     Aim and objectives,

1.4     Research questions

1.5     Significant of the study

1.6     Scope of the study

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature Review

2.1     Guidelines for tenants

2.2     Landlord-Tenant Relationship defined

2.3     A landlord- Tenant Relationship checklist  communication – a critical skill

2.4     Landlord – Tenant

2.5     Landlord – Tenant Relationship

2.6     Landlord – Tenant Responsibilities

2.7     Landlord – Tenant Relationship: Rent increase

2.8     Managing Landlord – Tenant Relationship: A strategic perspective.

2.9     Recovery of premises: An assessment of Landlord – Tenant law in Nigeria.

2.10   Changes not only will affect Landlord, tenants, but could alter property values too.

2.11   The tenant’s property.

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Researhc methodology

3.1     Research design

3.2     Method of data collection

3.3     Sample size

3.4     The sampling technique

3.5     Data Analysis technique

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Presentation and Analysis of data

4.1     Data presentation

4.2     Hypothesis

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

5.1     Summary of findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

References

Questionnaire

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION:

Admassiey. (1995), The purpose of this article is to analysze the impact of a landlord and tenant ordinance (LTTO) on property values, using time series data for the city of Evanston, Illinois, where the ordinance has been enacted since 1975. The empirical data analysis, which includes a trend analysis of heroin price indices for both rental and owner-occupied property has shown that L.T.O is not likely to significantly affect HOUSING VALUES. Those remedies provided in the landlord and tenant ordinance are not likely to be radical departures from the current practices such as housing / building code, and can therefore not be expected to affect housing values substantly.

This research was supported by a grant from the office if Real Estate Research at the university of Illinois. We acknowledge helpful comments from professor peter colwell, and the good research assistance of Theresa Cherniak and Michael Duncan.

Acting in landlord and tenant malters for commercial owners or occupiers requires knowledge of legislation (such as the landlord and tenant Act 1954) and case law as well as and understanding other commercial property.

JH Walter has a rich supply of comparable evidence on which to draw to establish a verifiable basis for rent review or lease renewal backed by the experience of our surveyors whi are also active agents in the market place. Brought together with technical and legal data, this make us well placed to negotiate the best deal for our clients whatever the market conditions while giving realistic advice about the possible outcome of dispute resolution.

 

Restructuring of lease can prove an attractive proposition for both landlord and tenant. We offer advice to ensure that clients pay and receive compensation at appropriate levels to reflect changing rental income, lease term and capital value. At lease expiry, both owners and occupiers seek our support in dilapidations claims. (Dilapidation: the extent to which the property falls short of the repairing obligations of lease). We negotiate claims including guidance on the distinction between repair and improvement and the limit of tenant liability on claims where diminution in value (Lost Value) is less than the cost of repair. We advised in rent review of a prominent shop in an unusual retail pitch but one attractive to specialist retailers. Gathering evidence form nearby lettings and other reviews, we helped our client understanding the opportunities and argument possible including adjustments for location, return frontage, unusual layout and repairing obligation beyond matters of value, we gave guidance on required notices and issues of timing in connection with other rights and obligations in the lease.

HISTORY

          The landlord and tenant relationship is defined by existence of a leasehold estate.

i      Traditionally, the only, obligation of the landlord in the united states was to grant the estate to the tenant.

ii     Although in England and Wales, it has been clear since 1829 that a landlord must put a tenant into possession.

iii    Modern landlord – tenant law includes a number of other rights and duties have been codified in the uniform presidential landlord and tenant Act.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

1)      An essential ingredient in the achievement of the objective of landlord and tenant in entering into contract is cordial relationship although the interest of the parties are not mutually exclusive, conflict in the relationship can prevent landlord from earning a fair returns on his investment in the property just as the desire of the tenant to derive maximum utility from occupation will also suffer defeat, the society will be worse of it.

2)      Therefore to give opportunity to all ranks of interests associate with the particular property to be exercised without friction the lease sets landlord and tenant.

3)      The landlord nor the tenant meets his obligations under the lease because with the steady fall in the real value of his income the tenant finds it difficult to pay his rent promptly or sufficiently of utility bills. The obvious consequence is conflict in relationship between landlord and tenant.

 

1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES

          The main aim of this study is to proffer resolution of conflict which has being in existence between landlord and tenant relationship.

  1. To ascertain causes of conflict in landlord and tenant relationship.
  2. Identify methods adopted in resolution of these conflicts
  3. Identify and recommend ways of improving resolution of conflicts

in landlord and tenant relationship.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

          This study was undertaking to address the following research question.

  1. What constitute a landlord and tenant?
  2. What are the causes of conflict in landlord and tenant relationship?
  3. What art h method to b adopted in conflict resolution.

 

1.5     SIGNIFICANC OF TH STUDY

  1. Certificate or other document relating to any land, lease, or change.
  2. Summon any person to appear before him and give information relating to any land, lease, or change in question.
  • Refuse an application for registration where any instrument, certificate plan or other document has not been produced pursuant to paragraph or where an act required by the Registrar to be performed has not been performed
  1. Administer Oaths or affirmations.
  2. Require that any proceedings, information or explanation be conducted or given on Oath, as the case may be.

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1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

After the coming into force of this act, land a lease or a charge registered under this Act may not be disposed off, except in accordance with this Act, and nay disposition, except under this Act for the purpose of creating, transferring, varying or affecting any estate, right or interest in any land, lease or charge is of no effect.

Nothing in section 40 shall be construed as preventing an unregistered instrument form operating as a contract, but no action may be brought upon any contract for the sale or other disposition of land or any interest in land, unless the agreement upon while such action is brought or some memorandum or note thereof is in writing and signed by the party to be charged or by some other person there unto by him lawfully authorized.

 

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EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT”. A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF  ABIA STATE

 

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ABSTRACT

This study is focused on the “effect of population growth on land resources development”. A case study in Aba urban of Abia state. It is a comprehensive research on the course of population growth problems, and benefits of the growth on land development. There is no doubt that at present, there is link between development and population growth.

However, the fact that the two opinion are related to each other in many cases, it is the main negative relationship between population and growth and the level of land development as said in the study is that programmes for controlling the rate of population growth should be encouraged. Therefore, it is common practices among countries to have a population census every ten years to know the number of people in that country such as males, females, age and occupational groups. The main point of this write-up is emphasizes on the physical components of environment because population growth has effected buildings, roads, land use and development which makes up the urban areas.

 

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                                    1

AIMS AND OBJECTIVE                                                                                         2

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY                                                                                4

ORGANIZATION  OF THE STUDY                                                                     4

CHAPTER TWO

THE STUDY AREA                                                                                                 6

CHAPTER THREE

DATA METHODOLOGY                                                                                       8

DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDING                                                                       8

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS                                             9

CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH                                                               10

THE EFFECT OF POPULATION                                                                          12

EFFECTS OF TRANSPORTATION                                                                      12

EFFECTS ON HOUSING AND ACCOMMODATION                          13

EFFECTS ON WATER AND ELECTRICITY                                                       14

EFFECTS ON THE IMPROVEMENT  ON    LAND                                          14

EFFECTS ON DEMAND FOR FOOD                                                                  15

EFFECTS ON  URBAN LAND USE                                                                      15

 

CHAPTER FOUR

THE CONCEPT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT                                                  17

POPULATION                                                                                                         18

EDUCATION                                                                                                            20

URBAN LAND USE CONTROL                                                                           20

HOUSING                                                                                                                 21

TRANSPORTATION                                                                                              22

RECREATION                                                                                                          22

 

CHAPTER FIVE

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION                                                   24

RECOMMENDATION                                                                                           24

CONCLUSION                                                                                                         27

REFERENCE            S                                                                                                          29

QUESTIONNAIRES                                                                                                31       

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The common problem facing most state in Nigeria today is how to improve the standard of living of the vast majority of their people.

Consequently, most state like Abia is involved in a variety of programmes designed to speed up the process of socio-economic and physical development. Development planners in different parts of Abia have realized in relent time that understanding of the population in the development process of Abia is important.

 

This is due to the fact that population has big impact on the economic, social and physical development of Abia state. It is therefore, certain that the population factor can do much to either promote or frustrate a state’s uppermost development objective.

This study on population impact on land development at this time the state population increased with inadequate economic and physical growth of the state that needs a study to fight against its contents future occurrence. Information has been shown that this state population has reached the four million and if measure are not taken quickly, the situation could lead to HUNGER, POVERTY, DISEASE, OVERCROWDING and can no longer be allowed in both the developed and undeveloped state. All these consequence of increasing in number of people will have a general effect on land development, the identified effects like overcrowding and poverty is what the study will aim at finding solution to its improvements.

 

AIM AND OBJECTIVES

  1. To find out the effect of population growth on land development in Aba.
  2. To identity the problems associated with the effect and ways of solving them in other to better the life of the growing population.
  3. To find ways of minimizing the population growth in Aba.
  4. In other to achieve the already state objective, the main facts and figures used in this study were gathered through personal efforts and various approaches were also adopted. This includes:

1        Field survey: In other to get some of the information already

stated, field survey method was adopted which covered areas like Obioma Ngwa, Osisioma Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa South, Aba South and Aba North.

  1. Information population census residence at Aba.
  2. Personal interviews were held with individual and government parastatals.
  3. Sources from Aba Local Government Authority.
  4. Reference to journal, Newspaper and books for relevant.
  5. Survey were conduced in several areas within the Estate Surveyors and valuers forms in Aba metropolis which help to compile and analysed to five the result presented in this study.

 

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is concerned with the causes and the general problems of population growth in Aba metropolis. The result will give the growth of population and its effect on land development. Based on the findings, recommendations will be laid out for development of the area.

Land is an ever-increasing demand for due to the increasing number of people based on these arguments that the physical, social and economic impacts of population growth are to be fully integrated. The research will give information on reason for increasing growth of people in the area and it’s impact on amenities.

 

ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

Effect of population growth land development is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the introduction discussion on the study area and its people. The second chapter high lights on the study area and difficulties.

The third chapter deals on the data analysis and findings, socio-economic, characteristic, physical development, effect of population growth and transportation, effect of housing and accommodation, effect on improvement on land and urban land use. Chapter four deals with population control, standard of living, education, urban land use, housing, transportation, recreation while lase chapter five deals on recommendation, conclusion, biography and questionnaires.

 

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ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECT OF THE PROVISION OF HOUSING ESTATE ON RESIDENTIAL HOUSING DELIVERY

(A CASE STUDY OF WORLD BANK HOUSING ESTATE OWERRI)

ABSTRACT .

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ABSTRACT

This dissertation deals chiefly with an analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estate on residential housing delivery with a case study of world bank housing estate Owerri.  The key impetus for this research on the analysis of the effect of the provision of housing estates on other residential house in this particular area of study arises from its sudden changes in states.

This study examines the effect of this changes on the physical environment and the population of the study area with particular emphasis on the area of provision of residential units and the provision of basic social amenities and infrastructures as be pithy the advancement in the status of the world bank housing estate.

This also examines the sole aim of provided housing estate and the its effect on other residential houses in the area study.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.1  Introduction

1.2  Statement of problems

1.3  Aims and objectives of the study

1.4  Research questions

1.5  Significance of the study the scope of study

1.6  The scope of study

1.7  Limitation of the study

1.8  Over-view of the study

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0 Literature review

2.1 Definition of terms

2.2 Factors affecting housing demand

2.3 Factors affecting housing supply

2.4 Housing finance

2.5 Effects of the provision of housing estate on residential housing.

2.6 Efforts to the state federal government to housing delivery system.

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1 Research design and methodology

3.2 Sources of data collection

3.4 Sample of size

3.5 Method of data collection

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1 Data presentation and analysis

4.2 Analysis dare collected from the d

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0 Findings recommendation, summary and conclusion

5.1 Findings

5.2 Recommendation

5.3 Summary and conclusion

Bibliography appendix

 

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Housing is seen as one of the most important for the physical survival of man after the provision of food. It contributes to the physical and moral hearth of a nation and stimulates the social stability, the work efficiency and the development of the individuals. But in spite of these facts there is on doubt that housing in quantitative terms is still one of the major problems facing the Nigerian Urbanities and governments beside the characteristic slums and conditions it is becoming increasingly difficult for average Nigerians to own houses. Also it is very difficult to procure decent accommodation at reasonable rent in the market. The rent are high in each state and fairly high in the other state capitals, but still not commensurate with the monthly in comes of all categories of low, middle and upper wage earners and the self-employed.

The major cause of high rent is that the supply of housing is fair less than demand. The recommended 20 percent of the monthly income on rent. The problems are more acute in those cities and towns where ad commercial and industrial activities have long been established, fast growing and concentrated cities. To find houses to rent is a big problem and if such houses are eventually found, they are let out at very exorbitant prices that take a large percentage or the monthly income of the acceptant not minding the location and the accessibility of the residence to the place of work. Until recently for an was becoming exceedingly very difficult for an average wage earner as well as the self –employed individuals to build houses of their own within a long period of time say ten years through their private savings. Most civil servants in Nigeria between 1978 and 1988 cloud hardly make some savings not to take of building houses of their own. Also, the cost of building materials is very exhobitant, cost of land, labour and professional fees are very high which has led to the situation whereby the construction cost per square meter is far more than what an individual could meet after the provision of food and other social needs.

Also due to the fact that individual cannot own houses of their own as a result of the high construction cost involved, it has contributed to people hiring at very exorbitant rates because there are more buyers one of housing good than the supply of those goods and services. The effect of this housing shortage mostly predominately in Urban areas not only led to over crowing in several cities, it has also led to many taking shelter under the bridges, schacks and make shifts (as in the case of lagos). The most unfortunate thing is that the existing residential buildings are not suitable to modern needs and lack in converses such as water closets (Wcs),P,Pe-borne water, power supply, open spaces etc. the situation prompted the united Nations to launch the aggressive programme of shelter for all in the year 2000.

To achieve this, the federal government of Nigeria incorporated it in the Nation’s third development plan (1975-1980) and sought to participate actively in the provision of housing for all income groups achieve significant increase in housing supply and bring relief especially to the low income earners and the self- employed who where the most affected by the acute shortage a situation whereby the Urban worker paid over 20% of his monthly income on rent. This has led to the provision of Estates by both the  federal and the state government in order to increase the housing stock available to the Urban population. It is on this background that this work tries to examine the effect of these housing Estates on Residential Housing Delivery.

 

1.2    STATEMENTS OF PROBLEMS

Government all over the world especially in developing countries embarks on the provision of housing Estate for their Wizens, this is usually to argument housing provision by the private sector of the economy. Although these estates were established by law and status, they present management problems inducing legal, physical, Financial, social – political and other problems such that in recent time management of public housing Estate has presented hydra-headed problems. These problems manifest themselves in the form of dilapidated buildings, poor sanctuary and environmental condition all resulting from poor management and lack of maintenance.

This cleary, the crux of the housing problems in Nigeria today relate to the low income groups which constitute the main elements of both Urban and rural population with all these factors mentioned above one sees the housing problems in general as the problems that motivated both the federal and the state government, the Imo state government and the Imo state Urban and housing corporation and all the other state government and housing corporations to formulate their housing programmes. This is because good residential housing gives room for more production.

1.3  AIMS AND OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main aim of this research work is to evaluate the effect of housing estate on the residential housing provision in the Nigerian Urban cities: To achieve this aim the following objectives are set out.

(1)                     To identify the various housing estates in the study area.

(2)                     To determine the quantity (number)of houses provided through the Imo housing corporation in Owerri

(3)                     To determine the effect of these housing Estate on the residential housing provision

(4)                     To identify problems and constraints of the Imo housing corporate in the provision and management of these housing Estates.

(5)                     To recommend ways of ameliorating the problems in (4) four above with a view of providing more housing Estate in the urban area.

 

1.4                      RESEARCH QUESTIONNAIRES

  1. Mention various housing estate in Imo state Owerri
  2. What is the quantity number of housing provided by the Owerri housing co-operation?
  3. What are the effect of these housing estates on the residential housing provision?
  4. What are the problems encountered by the Owerri housing co-operation in the provision and management of these housing estates?
  5. Recommend ways of ameliorating the problems with a view of providing more housing estates in the urban area.

RURAL MANAGEMENT AS A STRATEGY FOR REDUCING RURAL – URBAN MIGRATION IN NIGERIA

(A CASE STUDY OF ISHIELY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE)

 

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ABSTRACT

Rural resources have a lot of potential which needed to be brought into full production as to uplift the values. These values can only be achieved when other resources like times, money, infrastructure, expertise an d the like are applied. The high demand of products is expected to propel the application of the said resources into maximum production which in turn increase the value of rural environment, confirming value to be a function of profit.

Unfortunately, government policies and programmes in the year past failed to reflect the need for balance rural and urban development. Thus, most development polices and programmes are urban – oriented. As a result rural dwellers have been subjected to poverty, unemployment, poor infrastructure, economic and social defects. Incidentally, rural dweller a stick to migration.

Therefore, this study on Rural Development. As a strategy, for reducing Rural – Urban Migrations in Nigeria, a case study of Ishiehi Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, seek to identify rural development programmes/projects extent of rural urban migration and factors responsible for rural urban migration in the study area.

From the findings based on the analysed data, integrated Rural Development Strategy has been pin-pointed and recommended as a feasible and viable measure toward minimizing the rate of rural – urban migration in Nigeria at large and Ishielu in particular.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0              Introduction

1.1       Statement of the Problem

1.2       Aims and Objectives of the Study

1.3       Background and Need for the Study

1.4       Research Question

1.5       Research Hypothesis

1.6       Scope and Limitation of the Study

1.6.1    Delimitation Scope

1.6.2    Limitation

1.7       Significance of the Study

1.8       Theoretical Foundation of the Study

1.8.1    Economics Growth Model and Rural Development Dual Economic Model.

1.8.2    Diffusion Model of Rural Development

1.8.3    Basic Resource Theory.

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0              Literature Review

2.1       Meaning of Development

2.2       Rural Area and Rural Development

2.3       Classification of Rural Development Programme

2.3.1    Local (Community Programmes)

2.3.2    Government Programmes

2.4       Strategy

2.4.1    Rural Development Strategies

2.4.2    The Basic Weeds Approach

2.4.3    The Infrastructural Approach

2.4.4    The Minimum package or Sub-Sectorial Approach

2.4.5    The New Technology Approach

2.4.6    The Functional or Sectorial Programme Approach

2.4.7    The Industrialization Approach

2.4.8    The Community Approach

2.4.9    The Integrated Approach

2.5       General Concept of Integrated Rural Development in Nigeria

2.6       Urban Growth and Migration

 

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0              Research Designs and Methodology

3.1                                      Re-Statement of the Problem

3.2               Design and Methodology of the Study

3.3              Sampling Technique and Procedure Employed

3.4              Description of the Study Area

3.5              Method of Data Collection

3.5.1    Primary data Collection

3.5.2    Secondary Data Collection

3.6              Description of Data Collection

3.7              Description of Statistics for Analysing Data

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0              Data Presentation and Analysis

4.1              Personal Characteristics of the Respondents

4.2       Identification of Rural Development Programmes in the study Area.

4.3              Reasons or factors Responsible for Rural Urban Migration

4.4              Extent of Rural – Urban Migration in the Study Area

4.5              Testing of Hypothesis

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0              Findings, Recommendations and Conclusion

5.1              Findings

5.2                                      Recommendation

5.2.1        Strategy’s Institutional Framework

5.2.2                                                         Programmes Under the Strategy

5.2.3    Policies, Principles and Philosophy in the Strategy

5.2.4    Funding the Strategy

5.2.5    Suggestion for further study

5.3              Conclusion

References

                                        CHAPTER ONE

Nigeria, a country in West African sub-region is blessed with abundant natural and material resources. With an estimated current population of over nine hundred and twenty four thousand (924, 000) square kilometers, Nigeria is easily the most populous in African and one of the largest in terms of geographical area. About seventy percent of the population depend on agricultural activities for their livelihood and live in rural communities.

Currently, over forty million out of the total population of over one hundred million people live in urban area. Therefore, the rural area within the geographic entity of the country is whereby majority of the population is found.

Some of the government officials fear of the belief held that urban areas constitute the development potential of the state, the rural areas, have been neglected in terms of development opportunities.

Following the moribund attitudes that existed  in the rural areas the rural dwellers are attracted to the urban areas to benefits from better paying jobs qualitative supply of basic amenities, highs level of commercial, recreational and industrial activities. Arising from the rapid. Urban population growth and physical expansion are very serious physical planning problem such as poor physical layout like Ajegunle, Gwagwa,, Abakpa in Lagos, Abuja, Abakalike and Enugu respectively. Also in the list include mass transit problem inadequate supply of housing, water and other basic social services.

Hence, it is expected that various governments policy maker rural dwellers, planning team and the general public should involve in harnessing the capture and build in preference of the rural dwellers at anytime.

 

1.1       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Generally in Nigerian, there have been uneven development and glaring inequality of opportunities between the rural and urban area. In spite of the fact that the majority of Nigerian are rural dwellers rural areas still have little or no opportunities for education and employment. No doubt rural areas in Nigeria are characterized by poverty, malnutrition, poor communication, illiteracy unproductive agriculture with the use of traditional implement, general low per capital income. Also includes lack of health facilities, public electricity, borne whole water and motorable roads which hinder them from evacuating foods and industrial raw materials.

Rural development proper should module all and sundry, unfortunately lack of sufficient fund for progamme execution, high cost of building materials and labour, failure to incorporate people affected in planning and in more serious note, the rural dwellers level of understanding is too low that instead of attracting government attention by initiating a project, they expect the government to do every thing for them which is impossible. All these factors problems act as a push against the rural dwellers in the study area to the urban areas, where they can enjoy social amenities and infrastructure such as water supply, electricity, health facilities, tarred roads, and abundant job opportunities. At the end of this study, we shall know how the rural development can be effective means (strategy) for reducing rural – urban migration in Nigerian generally and Ishielu Local Government Area of Ebonyi State particular. The preceding sentence, therefore, form the focus of this research.

 

 

 

 

1.2       AIMS OF OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

Maris system of life is dynamic coupled with his insatiable nature which demands better food, shelter and clothes. These are usually achieved through verity of good jobs efficient use of human and natural resources.

The extensive area of land in the rural area can be put to various industrial and agricultural activities, thereby improving the lots of rural dwellers and urban dweller alike Agriculture provide us with food, medicine, firewood, timber and other raw material to the industries as well as employment and foreign exchange. Unfortunately the rural dwellers and farmers which constitute the largest population in the rural areas have not been properly taken care as regards development and as a result the rural dwellers rush to the urban areas to find alternative jobs and social amenities that abound in the urban areas.

This study therefore, is aimed at carrying out a research as follows

(i)                 To identify rural development programmes /projects available in the study area.

(ii)               To identity reasons/factors responsible for rural – urban migration.

(iii)             To examine the extent of rural urban – migration.

(iv)             To suggest and make feasible recommendation on reducing migration in the study area.