Category Archives: FINE AND APPLIED ARTS PROJECT TOPIC

MASQUERADE OF AFIOLU FESTIVAL IN NNEWI USING SOFT SCULPTURE TECHNIQUE

MASQUERADE OF AFIOLU FESTIVAL IN NNEWI

USING SOFT SCULPTURE TECHNIQUE

COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 5000.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE!!!

PREFACE

 

The topic of this project, masquerade of Afiolu festival in Nnewi tries to experiment and presents the Afiolu masquerade of Nnewi Local Government Area of Anambra State.

At end of this work, a well finished Afiolu masquerade was accomplished.  This piece and it’s report has important role they play, like, Serve as reference material for artists and Non-Nnewi people that want to know more of Afiolu festival, and the masquerade figure stands as the symbol of this festival everywhere.

Furthermore, for the contemporary generation to read meaning into this phenomena when they come across such for the purpose of understanding, this work is spitted into the Five each deliberating a peculiar subject it started with Chapter One (Back history and so on) to the final chapter which is conclusion/suggestion.

CHAPTER ONE

  • Background history
  • Statement of the problem
  • Aims and objectives
  • Scope of the project
  • Limitation

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

Execution

  • Medium (Description)
  • Project development

(materials/tools and application)

  • Finishing

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Project Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

Conclusion

  • Achievement
  • Recommendation

References

 

 

 

TABLE OF ILLUSTRATION

Plate one making of amateur

Plate two work in progress

Plate three Semi finished work

Figure four sketches

Figure five Approved sketch

Plate six finished work

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

  • BACKGROUND HISTORY

“The Igbos appears to be people perpetually celebrating.

Every month, some community somewhere is celebrating.  The Igbo year, “aro”, is a round of festivals and ceremonies, which vibrate with life, collier, sounds and meaning” (Okafor 1989: 133).

Festivals are an integral part of Igbo traditional culture and system.  It is a period of celebration when series of performance of music, drama, film etc, given regularly, especially once a year.

In Igbo land, every town, kindred, village have festivals they celebrates, like wise in Nnewi, Nnewi is a village that situated at southern part of Anambra State.  It’s people have a rather intricate origin, as handed down by the predecessors.

Also considering the fact that most so these information are based on oral traditions, we are presented with so many faces of the story making it difficult to identify the true origin.

Despite of its intricate origin, Nnewi is in existence till

Date.  They have their festivals they celebrates Viz: Igu aro,

Igba Ofala, Afiolu, Iriji, Ikwu aro, ETC.   Above all mentioned Afiolu Festival happens to be the greatest festival that Nnewi people respect and being practicing to date.

Since festival is a public celebration of very important event with different remarkable happenings in live.  Afiolu festival in Nnewi happens to be outstanding festivity that remarks when long toil of cultivation is over every year.  Also it was done to offer thanksgiving to the gods of crop and farming called Ufejioke which they believe that it makes their land to be fertile so that on harvesting period the plants will produce richly.

During this festival, there are so many activities that Nnewi people engage themselves into, like, people in their various homes cook different types of foods and drinks for enjoyment.  People that are abroad visit their various homes.  Friends visit their friends but the most important aspect of it is masquerading by the youths at ama.  Afiolu masquerade, this masquerades wipe themselves with a particular cane called anasi on their heads to display power and entertainment.  Women, girls and little children ran for them for fun.

Masquerading in afiolu festival has some important roles it plays during that great festival.

  1. It act as homage to Ufejioke god of Crop and farming.
  2. It act as refreshing of spirit/human relationship
  3. It helps in sustaining of tradition
  4. It serves as an entertainment to people
  5. It also serve as a display of traditional wealth of creativity to Nnewi.

Afiolu festival is free for everyone to participate, women and children are allowed because is a festival that brings sharing of love, happiness and unity.  It is one of their traditional heritages that is not against Christianity no performance of rituals in this festival.

Finally, Afiolu festival in Nnewi has been started for some years back till date, it is still this same.  It is a time of grand merriment for everybody in Nnewi be it indigenes or foreigners.

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

This project will attempt to solve the following problems.

  1. The role of masquerading of afiolu festival
  2. Those activities that features in the festival
  3. The origin and concept of afiolu festival
  4. The advantage of afiolu festival to Nnewi people.

 

  • AIM AND OBJECTIVE
  1. To identify to what extent the role of masquerade in afiolu festival

Influence Nnewi people.

  1. To find out the extent those activities that feature in the festival affect

Nnewi people.

  1. To identify the origin are concept of afiolu festival in Nnewi
  2. To find out to what extent the advantage of afiolu festival affect Nnewi

People.

 

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This work does not exceed the bounding of Nnewi community.  It’s emphasis, however, is on the art of masquerading in a specific occasion i.e.

The Afiolu festival.

 

  • LIMITATION

There are so many problems encountered in course of accomplishing this work.  The first among them is the case of inadequate reference materials.  Nobody has elaborately written on afiolu festival, John alutu in his “Nnewi history” made little

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MIX-MEDIA IN SCULPTURE (A CASE STUDY OF EDE-ANO FESTIVAL IN ABAGANA, NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

MIX-MEDIA IN SCULPTURE (A CASE STUDY OF EDE-ANO FESTIVAL IN ABAGANA, NJIKOKA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA)

COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 5000.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE!!!

PREFACE

 

Ede-aro festival of Abagana has remained unknown to many people for just for the fact that well known authors have not taken proper insight on the works and cultural heritage of the people of the area. I developed the interest in carrying out this research project on this topic when I realize that nothing has been done on the Ede-aro festival in Abagana.

A town that cannot properly recall its historical past may not be able to define its stand today. Since then, it has been my intension to find out about the trend of Ede-aro festival and its implications on the community life.

For organizational convenience, this research project is divided into six different chapters. Chapter one which is an introduction presents in a parsimonious way the historical background of the study. It also looks at the method of research and general objectives of the study.

Chapter two studies the origin and historical background of Abagana location and people, while chapter three looks at the major event and activities of Ede-Aro festival, preparatory state.

Chapter four outlines the effects of the festivals on the social life of the people. Chapter five examines the input of foreign culture on Ede-Aro festival. While chapter six was the conclusion.

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction

1.1     Preparation by the shrine priest

1.2     The life of an Aro priest

1.3     Statement of the problem

1.4     Aim and objectives

1.5     Research problem

1.6     Limitation

1.7     Definition of terminology

1.8     Tools

CHAPTER TWO

2.1 Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

3.1     Project execution

3.2     Preliminary sketches

3.3     The Amature

3.4     Mounting and Finishing

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1     Project analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

Conclusion

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0     INTRODUCTION

Among the Igbo and other ethnic groups, festival is one of the most important forms of cultural phenomenon. According to lindwood Frederikson; throughout the history of human culture, certain days or period of time have been set aside to communiurate, ritually celebrate or reenact or anticipate events or season (agricultural, religious or socio-culture) that give meaning and cohesiveness to an individual and to his community, (1908: 1977).

A festival comprises a time set aside for a public celebration and its activities whether religious or secular. It is a special time which is separate from ordinally times. The festival identify with the duration of the special time.

There are different types of festival in Abagana like the Ede-Aro, Ofala and new yam. Ichekeotu, iyazi festuival and others, which are celebraretd in Abagana alone.

The special time is sacred. Thus a participant in a festival identifies himself with the sacred time through ritualistic re-enactment of the events that inform man about his origin, identify and destiny (Frederickson, 1908-1977) has observed a festival in identified with the duration of the special time- a day or period of time. Regardless of the duration, each festival has all or some of the facets: a performance of a kind or rite: passage rites, sacrificial rites, seasonal or commemorative observation and rites celebrating the end of fact or fast period, at the shrine, an actor or any other solemn spot.

  1. People gathering together at a community center, market place or any other spot.
  2. Communal eating and drinking
  3. Dramatic dancing, music playing and athletic displays

Festival are periodic recalling days or seasons of gaiety or merry-making set aside by a community, tribe or clan, for the observance of sacred celebrations, religious solemnities or musical or traditional performance of special significance occurance like to conquest of a neIgbouring village in war. The festival can take form of a religious celebration during which sacrifices are offered to the different gods having power over rain, sunshine, marriage and good harvest.

There are merry- making traditions associated with festival. This may imply that masks draw the attention of the public and by so doing create a forum for social interaction. Expressing the role of masquerades in “things fall apart”, Achebe stresses that the masked spirit in the traditional Igbo society was a vehicle of much more than manners. It was the repository of all that was held secret, mythical, mysterious, magical, and supernatural in Igbo culture. Wole soyinka shares the same view with Achebe in his use of masquerade in the play titled “the road”. From the sources available and accessible to me I found out that Ede-Aro festival in abagana has not been documented and as such deserved detailed study. Masquerade and their perfomance are usually displayed at a place called afor square (arena) which is a traditional version of a stadium.

  • PREPARATION BY THE SHRINE PRIEST EDE-ARO AND THE MASQUAREDES.

Ozo ezenwokwe the present aro priest is engage in a series of preparation designed to make the occasion successful. He scarifies to the auxriary gods and soliticites their protection over the people throughout the duration of the festival. He also implores the gods to grant him the will and health to perform his duties creditably. The masquerades that are organized by the elders visits the Aro (priest) a night before to find out if Aro (the gods) has granted his permission so that the festival could be celebrated. They also give thanks to the deity for his protection in the previous years and seen assurance that protection in the previous years and seen assurance that he would continue to do until the next festival. Most of the dangerous masquerade appear in the night in order to perform at the Aro square between 12 mid night and 3am. Some perform in the day time at the same Aro square while other worship at the aro shrine.

During this period, the council of elders is summound by the priest to the Aro shrine to assertain the most appropriate date which should be announce to the public for the ceremony. This is done through divination “igba-afa”. It is the responsinility of the diviner to foresee all the ills that might be fall anyone or all and ensure all the necessary ritual are performed for the success of the festival.after ascertaining the appropriate date which must fall on an oye market day, this is announced to the public.

Manipulation which is organized and communicable and it culturally transmitted from the above definition, one can realize that art is not only also the exposition and transmission of cultural significance to the society in a visual form.

Art is indispensable to indigeneous cultural organization whose role were either social, political, religion, entertainment or a combination of all or some of these. In order to control the society to enforce the acknowledgement but unwritten laws-“Omenala” to ensure justice and fact-play, art was put in service of men.

 

1.2     THE LIFE OF AN ARO PRIEST (SHRINE PRIEST)

The priest (eze mmo) the worshipper of Ede-aro shrine is slim in nature. Fair in complexion, some time have grey hair and in the middle of his head are brow hair. They are beautiful and also fanciful. They decorate their body with drawing of animals and other beautiful traditional material. They usually put on tiny rope which shows haven an ozo title. They are very respectful to their society and communial in general. Their mode of dressing is by tieing cloth material on their waist(ewa-ogodo0 using using nso (white cloth) to design their face and body which make them to look fearful and ugly. They also put beeds around their neck to beautify it. In their shrine they don’t put on slippers, they put on a cow leather or any other animal in order to beautify the shrine. They were known for the small calabash (sawser) use in putting kola nut, offer cacrifice to the gods. They have nzu (Nzu is a white substance given to people in a person’s house as a sign of welcome. Nzu is avery important thing in Igbo social order. Nzu goes before kola nut. People are not allowed to enter into the shrine where the priest is

 

1.3     DEFINITION OF TERMINOLOGY

A work work like this will not be complete without the author defining some of the specialize terms. The following are some of the terms we come across in the course of this project, and their meanings.

  1. Aro welding machine:

This can be defined as an electrical insulator that passes current with the of electrode melt metal or iron together to form ore. It is done by melting two metals together, and then with the help of the eletrode will join them together. The process is known as fabrication. It was the major machine in this metal construction project.

  1. JIG SAW

This is a machine used in the cutting of those flat bar metals. It is one of the fastest machines used in cutrting of metals and woods.

  1. ABRASSIVE GRINDING MACHINE

This machine is used for the sampapering of arts

  1. ROD BENDER

This is metallic object used in the bending of irons and rods.

 

  • HAND TOOLS
  1. HACK SAW:

This is a metallic flat material in C shape used in cutting of metals and rods.

  1. BOLT CUTTER OR (AKPABIO)

This is a plier like metal but bigger in size metal object. It is used in cutting of rods.

  1. FLIERS

This is a rubber head metal material used in the clipping of tiny rods to avoid hot metal

 

 

 

  1. CUTTING CHISEL

This Avery hard metal material used in the cutting of rod and metals.it is used by beating a hard hammer on the head to enable it cut easily.

  1. WIRE CUTTER:

This material is used in

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SCULPTURAL COMPOSITION (A CASE STUDY OF OFFIAUGWU PRIEST & PARAPHERNALIA)

SCULPTURAL COMPOSITION (A CASE STUDY OF OFFIAUGWU PRIEST & PARAPHERNALIA)

COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 5000.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE!!!

PREFACE

 

This project examines Igbo traditional priesthood in respect to Offia Ugwu Shine in Osili village Enugwu – Ukwu, Njikoka Local Government Area of Anambra State.

“Priests are selected men by the gods for a special purpose. They stand as a medium of interaction between the sensory and super sensory world. They are the representation of the unseen patron of any given community or unit” Along side other attributes and attributes of priest and his Office has been carefully studied and documented by the researcher so for the purpose of understanding project is written in five chapters. Chapter one is based on the background of study statement of the problem, aims and objectives, scope of the study limitation and definition of terminology. Chapter two is on the literature review. Chapter three deliberates the methodology, media used, project development and finishing. Chapter four is on the project analysis and finally chapter five deals with the conclusion i.e. achievement and recommendation.

CHAPTER ONE

  • Background history
  • Statement of the problem
  • Aims and objectives
  • Scope of the project
  • Limitation
  • Definition of terminology

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

  • Medium (description
  • Project development

(materials, tools and application execution)

  • Finishing

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Project Analysis

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Achievement
  • Recommendation / suggestions
  • Bibliography

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LIST OF FIGURES (FIG) AND PLATES (PL)

 

Fig 1 Preliminary rough sketches………………………………26

Fig 2   Approved sketch………………………………………..27

PL   1   Modeling of the pattern and mould making…………….29

PL    2   Charging of the mould (positive cast)…………………30

PL    3    Semi fished work (arrangement of parts)………………31

PL    4     Finished work …………………………………………33

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

  • BACKGROUND HISTORY

The concept of sculptural composition would not be well understood without the researcher taking a quick glance at the history of sculpture and examining the key words in the concept i.e.”sculptural and “composition

The origin of art of sculpture dates backs to the origin of the man, synchronizing with the primeval experiences of the pre-historic man. The early man suddenly developed the need to improve upon his skills and similarly to subject the chaotic character of nature to a portable size and gain a certain measure of control and promote fertility. He achieved this by carving out making incised contours of the figure of animals on the walls of the cares and stones with sticks and fingers. He applied into those contours mineral, plant, pebbles, and other media.

As man’s scope and experiences widened, there came into being the need to experiment dating from the pre-historic to the modern era of scientific evolution technology.

Differences in philosophical identifies, geographical locations and techniques of approach characterized the history and growth of sculpture from one pattern or style to another, giving rise to different movements such as cave sculpture (catacomb), mediaeval, Renaissance, Baroque, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism down to cubism.

In the 20th century at moment, such artists as Pablo Picasso who is regarded as the father of the above era. He is known for his verse knowledge on all aspect of art. He executed the very first sculptural composition. This was revealed in his ram head sculpture he achieved through the use of bicycle handles as horn and the sit as the face and other employed fabricated as well as found object.

According to the Advanced Learner’s Dictionary Sculpture’ means, “ concerning sculpture” and means, “the art of shaping solid figures of stone wood, clay, metal etc” It also defined “composition as”, the art of putting together to form something”….

From the sculptural compassion is an art expression that involves the fabrication arrangement of metals, wood, fiber, bond, stone, and any sculptural medium.

Coming down to the scope of this study which is Osili village in Enugwu Ukwo, Njikoka Local Government area of Anambra State, in respect to a shrine, “Offia Ugwu” and its Custodian.

Enugwu-Ukwu which is sited near Awka the capital of Anambra State has Osili as one of the eighteen major villages. It has three segments. Akama, Etiti and Obeagu Osili. Etiti-Osili is populated by three kindred, namely, Umuagu, Umukike, and Umuibi. Some members of Umuobi and Umuagu Kindreds also live at Obeagu Osili side by with two other kindreds, namely Umuiku neche and Umuorikpe.

Okperi was the first settler at the point now known as Ofia Ugwu. It is the highest point in area and about hundred meters above sea level. He had one son, Onyike. This sacred enclave known as Ugwu was the abode of Okperri. The whole Osili village worship at the shrine. At a certain period of every year, Ikpo Ukwu ritual is performed. The sacrifice always attracted by the inhabitants of the whole village, including people from other village, only persons who had performed the Amanwulu title, attended and took part in the sacrifice. There are three idols in the shrine and each is worshiped at its own specific time. The idols include Ugwu, Madu Ugwu, and Aro Ugwu The last known Chief priest of Ugwu, was Nwonyike Unoego from Obu Onyike, while the whole women from village worshiped at Ugwu. Ugwu Idol derived its power from spiritual gynarch. That resulted on the traditional reincarnation of many of our daughters form Ugwu Idol. Since the de3mise of the chief priest, no other descendants of Okperi had succeeded him.

This lackadaisical altitude could be traced to the fact that Ugwu by its nature does not attract many worshipers.

 

1.1     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The following needs have led this project

  1. Knowing who a priest is his duties.
  2. What are the priest paraphernalia’s?
  3. Their relationship with these shrine elements.

 

  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

This work like any other meaningful work has some purpose why it is embarked upon. The issue in discourse being an important one for the fact that attaining position of a priest has been since genesis and has existed with some hindrances, that made people not to be well exposed to this mysticism.

Therefore some of the purpose of this work shall include:-

  1. Analyzing a Traditional priest and it functions
  2. Ascertainment of the paraphernalia
  • The mysticism of manipulation

 

  • SCOPE OF STUDY

In this project the research attention will focus on the fabrication of a sculptural piece titled, sculptural composition in a composition form by employing item seen I the shrine of Ofia Ugwu  Osill Vilage, Enugwu-Ukwu in Ojikoka Local Government of Anambra State.

 

  • LIMITATION

But with out enthusiasm in the work, some shortcomings were encountered which could have made the work unrealizable because of critical and mystical nature. The inadequacy of getting substantial information from aged traditional forms part of the limitation. Others are and financial constraints since the project are done along side semester works and final examinations.

 

  • DEFINITION OF TERMINOLOGY

Every profession has its peculiar terms or registers that is known for. In that respect, a work like this will not be complete and well understood without the researcher defining some of the art terms that one shall come across in the course of this project.

 

  1. 1. AMATURE: This is a skeletal frame work that is form to held

Sculptural works during modeling.

  1. CHARGING: It is the picking of the position forms from a negative form

(Mould)

  1. CASING: It is the coating or covering of a pattern with medium such a

Cement, plaster of Pari, plastic filler, fiber glass clay etc.

  1. CAST: This is the real or position work after charging a mould.
  2. COMPOSITION: The arrangement of motif of various shapes and forms to create a homogenous entity.
  3. CONCEPT It is original ideal conceived before the creation proper.
  4. FABRICATION: This is the up of form by construction or shaping and joining of various parts to create a visual form.
  5. FIBERGLASS: This is a metal made from glass fiber and mix with

Resin during mould making or charging

  1. SEPARATION: This is any only substance that can create banner

between

the pattern and the mould, thus allowing separation.

  1. 10. MOULD: A hollow with shape or forms. Into which substance or

Material is poured or inserts to set shape

  • SKETCH: Quick drawing without much detail that serves as a quite for further development.

SPATULA:  It is a instrument of

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CAMPAIN AGAINST SEXUAL IMMORALITY IN CAMPUS A VISUAL REPRESENTATION

CAMPAIN AGAINST SEXUAL IMMORALITY IN CAMPUS A VISUAL REPRESENTATION

COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 5000.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE!!!

CHAPER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background history
    • Statement of problem
    • Aims and objective
    • Delimitation of the project
    • Limitations
    • Definition of terms

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature review
    • The influence of pornography

 

CHAPTER THREE

  • Medium and materials
    • Methodology
    • Actual painting

 

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Project Analysis

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Conclusion

References

 

 

 

PREFACE

 

This project is meant to be a campaign against sexual immorality in campus and its bad effect and also the activities that goes on in the campus.

The first chapter is focused on the history of the project topic and its approach. The second chapter is based on the details of the literature of the topic.

 

The third chapter will be discussing the tools and method of execution, used in the production of the project.

An evaluation of my achievement done by the researcher will be mentioned on the forth chapter. Then the conclusion chapter that is the fifth and not the last, state of the overall work in summarized from.

 


Chapter ONE

 

Introduction

Background history

For instance in Enugu State for example which is called the Coal City – State, due to its minerals. The state was created in 1991 after so many efforts. It was formally known Anambra. State.

Enugu State has many universities polytechnics and also hospitals both federal, state and private the state is a well – developed place.

Basically, in most of our Universities today, the youth were indecent dresses that can lead to premarital sex, child abuse and rape. This lead to the of the researcher’s topic sex is as old as man. It came into being when man came into existence. Premarital sex is almost a from of abuse as the partners are using each other with out making the commitment of life long trust and love. More then millions adolescent and youth indulge in sex. According to Janet smith research about premarital sex, it has been observed that the recent research at Cairo, Beijing Istanbul the United Nation, in the United State, the media and the opinion have finally come to recognize that unwanted pregnancies is a major source of social chaos in our culture.

A study done in 1990 of teen pregnancy in California found that 77%  of all birth to high school aged girls (16 –18 years) and 51% of birth to junior high school aged girls (15 and younger,) were fathered by men then high school age.

Premarital sex, as the name implies means having sex before marriage.

 

In the university, premarital sex has become a tradition to our men and women. It is seen as a normal thing peoples on longer see it as bad but as a culture.

In the early 70’s people didn’t indulge must in premarital sex unlike in mid 90’s which has become the order of the day. Most f our girls today, go about wearing indecent cloth, which expose their body, which easily lure men into their bed.

 

Premarital sex dangerous in such a way that one can contact sexually transmitted diseases such Syphilis, Gonorrhea, HIV/ AIDs and unwanted pregnancies etc.

 

There are certain things that constitute to premarital sex which includes television cinema impact on behavior.

 

In the light of the fact that programming has become worst in the last 10 years. Some defenders of television would defied that the impact of such programs is not important. Again the work the parents and guardians are helpful.

Nevertheless, there is substantial evidence that sexuality and language is significantly by the television.

Premarital sex and sex outside marriage not only to unwanted pregnancy but also lead to bad marriage and divorce

 

STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

It is an obvious fact that there is n emphasized information on the institution about premarital se. this led the researches to produce a panting that depicts avoidance of premarital sex in the institution.

 

Due to the poor ability of pushing the offender in the society and also lack of law and order in the country concerning premarital se. The researcher also had problems in getting information about the project write –ups.

More –over, due to this non practice of laws and order against premarital sex in the institutions, the lectures are non chalet abtueducating the issue on avoidance of  premarital sex rather they promote it as a means of sorting problems with female students. The researcher then intends to use painting as a medium to pass the information f avoiding sex.

 

Another factor is the lack of material needed for the accomplishment of this project.

Some materials wern’t easy to lay hands on.

 

With this, the researcher saw the poor situation about premarital sex. This made the researcher to write on the production of premarital sex under paining to pass the information artistically.

 

 

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The reason for this project is channeled towards seeing to an end in premarital sec in carrying out this research on this project is to contribute my quota as an artist in combating the wide and overwhelming circulation of premarital sex in the university, artistically, which seems to be the order of the day out society.

Things have fallen apart and nothing is at ease anymore, youths have lost their decency and fear of God is a thing of mocking in spite the number of churches that spring everyday. The researcher, therefore intend that after executing the project, youths will being to see premarital sex as a crime against humanity , they should try their to avoid it.

Objectives of this project include:

  • It will help to stop child abuse in the society
  • it will help to stop the rampant growth rap in the society
  • To avoid unwanted pregnancies in the institution, which leads to abortion.
  • It help avoid emotional pains in the society
  • It help to avoid increase of sexually transmitted diseases in the institution

 

 

DELIMITATIN OF THE PROJECT

The researcher on this project starting from the production on the avoidance of premarital sex. Actually, it started on from the researchers general observation of how premarital sex is growing in today’s generation, the researcher could make this a project a through the help of the supervisor, who helped him through the sketch and final painted work.

 

LIMITATION

On the cost of this project, the researcher, withstood lots of obstacles and constrained but cannot with a sorted available resort, this includes time factor, which was another big limitation to this problem.

 

I had little or on time to give the work the best it requires. This because the exam was on at time of my project production.

 

The researcher was also limited to some material that were needed both in the literature and practical work. It self. Also the researcher was also limited of financial difficulties. This and other reason to a large extent, has contributed the over all –practical project execution.

 

DEFINITION OF TERMS

SIZING

This is the application of glue all over canvas or on another support, used in covering pores before paining is started.

 

PRIMING

Painting a canvas or board with another colour before the actual is executed

PREMARITAL SEX

It simply means sex before marriage.

SYPHILIS 

This is a sexually transmitted disease. It is the most easily contacted disease.

ABORTION

As act of stepping the development of a child

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AN ILLUSTRATION OF TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE IN NNEWI SILK SCREEN PRINT

AN ILLUSTRATION OF TRADITIONAL MARRIAGE IN NNEWI   SILK SCREEN PRINT

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ABSTRACT

 

This special project deals thoroughly with the traditional marriage ceremonies in Nnewi.  Chapter one gives an introduction to the topic while the rest of the chapters deals with literature review, research problems, approaches, objectives and limitation of the study.

Chapter two gives a detailed account of marriage in Nnewi.  It discusses Bride price in Nnewi and types of marriages obtainable.

Chapter two gives a picturesque description of the processes and ritual involves in marriage ceremonies and then deals with the functions of marriages.

Chapter four deals with the steps taken in executing the practical aspect of the project which is screen printing.     It also deals with the materials used.     The conclusion and prospects collabs the findings of the chapters and suggests areas of further inquiry and interest.     The entire above make up the body of this special project.

 

CHAPTER ONE:

Introduction

Setting

  • Literature Review
  • Research Problems
  • Research Approaches
  • Research Objective
  • Scope / Limitation

CHAPTER TWO

  • Traditional Marriage in Nnewi
  • Bride – Price in Nnewi
  • Types of Marriage That Exist in Nnewi

CHAPTER THREE

  • Stages of Marriage in Nnewi
  • Functions of Marriage in Nnewi

CHAPTER FOUR

Screen Printing Preparation

4.0 Choices of Screen and Frame

4.1 Mounting of Screen on Frame

  • Transfer of Stencil to the Screen
  • Preparation of the Diuapositive
  • Development of Screen on the Box coating of

the screen with photosentive Emulsion

  • The Printing method
  • Choice of printing method in relation to design
  • The printing paste
  • Preparation of Fabric and printing table
  • Printing Proper
  • Finishing Treatment

Conclusion and prospects

Bibliography


CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

Among the Igbo’s of Nigeria marriage is a sacred institution A man or woman is to be regarded to have finally landed when he or she marries.

Marriage institution is held with a high respect and infant, it dominates most of the Igbo art and custom, hence it is regarded as the foundation of the whole social structure. Nnewi in Anambra state is a town that best illustrated this believes of Igbos. In Nnewi, there are six main stages in the sanctification of traditional marriage. The first stage is “Iju Ase”ie making Engines. It is followed by “Inyo Uno” and then “Ika Igba nkwu”. Then the most important event which is “Igba Nkwu proper. This involves a lot of celebration and marry making. Igba- Nkwu” is followed by “Ika Idu- Uno” and then “Idu- Uno”proper. “Idu-uno is another important event in the stage of traditional marriage celebration.

The final stage is “Onodu Apuilo, This is a remarkable period of confinement of the bride in a fathering room called “Ulo Mgbde”. She is giving all sorts of delicacies so that she will be fatten up. The body then richly treated regularly with local cosmetics, Uhie”. These designs are meant to beautify then newly married woman. As already stated Igbo- Nkwo” is the most important ceremony in the traditional marriage celebration and it is usually travel from different parts of the country in other to grace the occasion and rejoice with the marring couple. Care of children, the main tarriance of the household and the cultural imposed needs of the family.

An topologists commonly distinguish three form of marriage: polygamy, the marriage of one man to two or more woman, monogamy, the marriage of one man to one woman and polygamy, the marriage o one woman to two or more men. Most cultures provide means for the dissolution of marriage. It is ordinary expected that those who may intend the union to be Life long and not just a ternary affair to be broken off at the whim of one or the other partner. Among the Igbo’s of Nigeria marriage is a sacred institution. A man or a woman is to be regarded as to have finally landed when he or She marries. In the Igbo traditional society, a man’s wealth is in the number of wives he has. Nnewi in Anambra state is a town that best illustrates this believes of the Igbo’s.

 

 

  • SETTING:
  • ORIGIN OF NNEWI

 

According to oral tradition the Nnewi people migrated from Nri and settled in the present area they now occupy.

This lead to the establishment of four villages in Nnewi, namely Otolo, Uruagu, Umudim and Ichi.

 

 

  • LOCATION:

Nnewi is located in both Nnewi south and North local government area of Anambra State.  Nnewi is bounded by Ihiala, Oba, Nnobi and Amaichi.  It is located in the Guinea Savana area, hence the heavy rainfalls and thick forest.

  • COSMOLOGY

This means the people’s belief system.  Traditionally most Nnewi people are subsistent farmers and livestock rearers.   They farm solely to cater for their immediate and extended families.

 

  • LITERATURE REVIEW:

There is no direct reference to traditional marriages in Nnewi from available literature.  Since direct evidence for studies on traditional marriages in Nnewi is not available only indirect evidence will be used.

Gladstone (1993), discussed the functions, types and the social rules of marriages in Onitsha as well s the processes involved.  The same is also true of Ikechukwu (1990) who analyzed the family in the Igbo system.  Emenike (1982) discusses the Igba Nkwu in the marriage tradition of the Igbos.   These Igbo speaking areas share basically the same traditional system as the ‘Nnewi people.  Others have treated generally, the marriage celebration in their locality.

Alan Beals (1985) discusses aspects of African view on marriage pointing out the function, types and social views.  He views marriages as a contract between kin groups.  Yonina Talmon (1985) discusses mate selection in collective settlement.  He pointed out factors influencing mate selection and values.  Ottanberg (1978) exams cultures and societies of Africa pointing out the social values of marriage.

Basden (1921) discusses aspects of Igbo marriages.  Ifeoma focusses on the family as a social institution in the Igbo traditional society, including a discussion on the functions of the family, types and formation of the family.  Cole and Aniakor (1934) did a broad survey of arts of the individual to that of the family, to the family and the cosmos.

From the above, one can come to the conclusion that functions, types and victuals involved kin the marriages in Nnewi is still untapped in terms of available literature and from these, research problems can be stated.

 

  • RESEARCH PROBLEMS;

Traditional marriage in Nnewi as well as in the whole Igbo land is seriously affected by the introduction of European system of marriage namely court marriage and church wedding.  This has resulted to the extent that some just go to the court and sign the marriage register and are regarded as being married.

There is also a factor like poor orientation of our people atomization of the faint and differences in what the people regarded as being the tradition.

 

  • RESEARCH APPROACHES:

The approach used in this research includes functional and historical approaches.  The rational is to analyze the different ceremonies/rituals involved in marriages and then examine the functions and it’s social value.

Marriages ceremonies in different parts of Nnewi were at tended in order to have first hand information.

Lastly, primary sources contributed greatly to this work because a lot of oral interviews were carried out.

 

  • RESEARCH OBJECTIVE

The whole research was aimed at bringing to light the value which the Nnewi people in particular and the Igbo people in general attach to the Igba-nkwu ceremony.

As one of the most important stage in the traditional marriages it is therefore very important that it should be recorded and preserved for posterity.

Textile printing is one of the media through which an event of this nature could be permanently preserved and this is why the printing of a suitable cloth for the couples celebrating the :Igba-nkwu” was under taken.

This written aspect of the project is intended to clarify the practical aspect.

 

  • SCOPE/LIMITATION

This project deals with the design and production of costumes for traditional marriage Igba-nkwu” in Nnewi.  It also treated the types, functions, stages and the social value of marriages.

The limitations the researcher encountered in the course of this project are as follows:

  • There is the problem of funding and time constraint.
  • There is the problem of encroachment by the modernism into traditional marriage

Processes involved in marriages.  With the result that the whole traditional

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