THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR’S ROLES IN COST ASSESSMENT AND REHABILIATION OF ABANDONED PROJECT
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The quantity surveyor’s role on cost assessment and rehabilitation in Awaking of Abandoned Project. One of the major factors against the growth and development of Nigeria economy and its construction industry is the issue of cost assessment and rehabilitation of abandoned project. Abandoned has eaten so deep into the Nigeria construction industry. An abandoned building represents the loss of a commercial on residential resources, the state of leaving a building permanently uncompleted and if the needs of abandoned buildings are not addressed immediately, time takes a further tool on the structures, making returning the property to use an increasing expensive and difficult ventures. Rehabilitation in the building industry simply means to bring back to normal life after imprisonment. Wastage of the utilized manpower, lost of plant and equipment by the contractor and experience employee, lowering of living standard and disappointment of the government. Cost assessment means the ability of the quantity surveying to evaluate the value, importance or quality of a particular project it can also be defined as the scope of the Quantity Survey involvement during the pre-contract and post contract stage of a project, such as in term valuation, rehabilitation simply means bringing the building back to normal stage where it can be of usefulness to the economy. It is used in assessing of abandoned project and also feasibility study. Cost assessment and rehabilitation in construction projects undermines the delivery of infrastructure services. This research is based on the role the Q.s play in abandonment and rehabilitation of project in Nigeria construction industry. Awaken – to stop abandoning of project to stir up the habit of completing the project. In carrying out this research questionnaires were distributed to professionals like the Q.S, Architect and builders etc as the primary source of data. A detailed on site condition evaluation and survey of the building was taken were office and site was visited. Why should Q.S be involved in documentation and monitoring of project. From analysis of finding result shows. Causes of construction project abandonment and rehabilitation and inadequate planning, dispute, inadequate fund, wrong estimate, client and contractor bankruptcy and so on in agreement with Essenwa (2004) and Adedeji (1998). Conclusion as a developing economy couple with oil boom and the civil war both government and the non-governmental agency has in the time past rush into large construction project without much consideration of the cost and importance of this projects. I was able to discus the causes, effects and treated some abandoned project and suggested solutions as to this problem of pack of cost assessment and rehabilitation of abandon construction projects.
1.1 Background of the study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 research questions
1.4 research hypothesis
1.5 aims and objective
1.6 significance of the study
1.7 Scope and limitation of the study
2.0 Literature Review
2.2 Accessibility Of On-Going Project
2.3 Causes Of Abandonment
2.4 Effect Of Abandonment
2.5 Solution To Abandoned Project
2.6 The Duty Of Quantities Surveyor to Reduce Abandonment and to Re-start Projects.
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Method of Data Collection
3.4 Case Study
4.0 Evaluation and Analysis of Finding
4.1 Experience and Observation of Research
4.2 Analysis of Finding from Case Study
Letter of Request for Interview
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Longman Dictionary defines ‘abandon’ as to stop doing something because there are too many problems and it is impossible to continue.
Planning is foremost thing to be done if projects are to be completely executed (Akindoyeni, 1989). Corroborating, coorbmiting, Ogunsemi (1991) the successful completion of a project depends on adequate planning which also includes financial planning. The sight of abandoned projects scattered across the length and breadth of Nigeria is alarming. Abandoned projects including building, civil engineering and heavy engineering development project like: houses, churches, schools, roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, air port, sea port e.t.c. litter the whole Nigeria.
The Nigeria construction industry continues to occupy an important position in the nation’s economy even through it contributes less than the manufacturing or other service industries. The contribution of the construction industry to national economic growth necessitates improved efficiency in the industry by means of cost effectiveness and timelines and would certainly contribute to cost savings for the country as a whole.
A major criticism facing the Nigeria construction industry is growing rate of abandoned of project delivery.
The construction industry plays a very dominant role in the economy of any nation. A healthy economy usually experience an increase in construction activities, but in a depressed economy. The incidence of project abandoned tends to be more prevalent. This applies to Nigeria where construction investments account for over 50% of the gross fixed capital formation.
Akindoyeni (1989) quantitatively reasoned that some of the causes of project abandonment in Nigeria are: deaths of client, inability of client to attract fund and lack of good planning. This study is set up to quantitatively determine other causes of abandoned project and their effects on the construction industry economy.
This will help to proffer solutions that will drastically reduce abandonment of projects in Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
One thing is to spend money to start construction works. It is another thing to conclude the construction successfully. An unconcluded work that is abandoned project is a waste to both the promoter and to the society. It takes money to commence and even to re-commence on abandonment. This work therefore is an effort to work as the Quantity Surveyors’ work at the beginning and re-starting an abandoned project.
Some of the major problems which this research work is targeting or aiming at solving are listed below. Because of
- Wrong initial estimate
- Civil commotion
- Too many variation
- Determination of contract
- Client going bankrupt
- Contractor going bankrupt.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
- Why should the Q.S be involved in documentation and monitoring of project?
- What does the Q.S access during project packaging and delivery?
- What does the Q.S do in awaiting of abandoned project?
- What roles do the Q.S play in rehabilitation and awaiting of abandonment of project?
- What are the causes of project abandonment on Nigeria?
1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS
The Quantity Surveyors early role helps in no small way in protecting project abandonments.
Ha: the Q.S roles do not help in preventing abandoned projects.
Ho: Quantity Surveyors are very important in re-awakening an abandoned project.
Ha: Quantity surveyors are not needed in re-awakening an abandoned project.
1.5 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
The aim of this study are paramount centered on the roles the Quantity Surveyor plays on cost assessment and rehabilitation on order to reduce it to it’s barest and lowest level or scarp it out entirely.
- Quantity Surveyors early role to reduce projects abandonment
- Quantity Surveyors roles in awakening abandoned projects.
1.6 IMPORTANCE OR SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This research work is very important, if it is adequately and properly implemented, it will about;
- Reduction in the rate of project abandonment.
- It will ensure speedy and proper implementation of projects.
- The value of money can also be achieved without sacrificing quality for money.
- It will help the Q.S in assessing and monitoring of project.
- It will help the Q.S to necessitate and uphold spending of fund within the scale of budget i.e (cost target).
Finally, researchers will also find this work relevant is a reference literature in carrying out and expanding similar research work.
1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The areas of investigation for the effective conduct of this research work were, the Federal Ministries, government parastatal, private enterprise and other government agencies, which undertake any form of construction works.
The scope of this project is to find out the processes of giving out contracts, the processes of payment of contract sum, methods of selecting contractors. For a projects and how are contracts monitored to avoid abandonment of project. In order to do this, a lot of places were visited and enormous impediment was encountered.
The work was limited in scope for the following reasons, financial constraints, there was need for transport, purchase of materials, printing of questionnaire e.t.c. Another militating factor, which acted against the conduct of the research work, was time factor.
The conduct of this research work was timed, the duration required for the conduct and ensuring in-depth research was not enough in the process of combining this with academic engagement really pose a threat to my studies.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
COST ASSESSMENT:- This can be defined as the ability of the Quantity Surveyor to evaluate the value, importance or quality of a particular project and known the cost of such project and also to know how much it will take to complete a project.
It is also the scope of the Quantity Surveyor involvement during the pre-contract and post contract stage of a project, such as the preparation of interim valuation, the preparation and agreement of final account and the management of project cost through out.
REHABILITATION:- It can be defined as the process of bringing back to normal life after imprisonment, this definition is according to the oxford Dictionary. While in the building industry, it simply means brining the building back to normal stage where it can be of usefulness to the economy.
ABANDONMENT – Abandonment can be defined as the loss of a commercial or residential resource, the state of leaving a building permanently uncompleted. Abandonment also means to leave a particular project abandoned or uncompleted such as Roads, Dams, Tunnels, Buildings, Rail, Electricity, Pipe borne water and so on.
AWAKEN – According to the oxford dictionary, it defines awaken to stop sleeping, stir up a feeling. While in the building industry it means to stop abandoning project, to stir up the habit of completing project.
DISPUTE: – Dispute can be defined as an argument or a disagreement between two people, groups or two parties. In the building or construction industry it means an argument between two parties. Which can be between the client and the contractor, client the project manager, contractor and the building team (like Architect, Engineer & Q.S).
DELAY: Can be defined as a situation when the contractor and the project owner jointly or severally contribute to the non-completion of