CHECKING DISTRESS IN THE NIGERIAN BANKING SECTOR THE ROLE OF ACCOUNTANTS AND AUDITORS
(A CASE STUDY OF FIRST BANK OF NIGERIA PLC, AWKA)
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1.0 Background to the study
- Statement of problem
- Objectives of the study
- Significance of the study
- Scope of the study
- Limitation of the study
- Definition of term
- Statement of hypothesis
- Literature review
- Distress in the Nigerian banking sector
- Emergence of distress banks in Nigeria
- Implication of distress for the economy
- Causes of bank distress in Nigeria
- Who is an auditor
- What is auditing
- The role of auditor in distress and failed banks
- The role of auditing/function of the external auditor
- The duties of the accounting/auditor
- Auditor liability in relation to distressed and failed bank
- Letter to the management
- Research methodology
3.1 Area of study
- Research design
- Source of data and information
- Mode of data collection analysis
- Analysis of data
- Presentation, analysis and interpretation of data
4.1 Data presentation
- Questionnaires administration and analysis of responses
- Test of hypothesis
- Summary, conclusion and recommendation
BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Distress in the Nigerian banking sectors is a problem that bank has in this recent time. This seems as if the regulatory authorities appeared to be fighting a losing battle to sanitize the system.
Ebtiodaghe (1996) observed that banking distress occurs when customers were unable the loss of their deposits and consequent breakdown of their contractual obligation. The central bank fails to meet its capitalization requirements, has a weak deposit base and is afflicted by mismanagement. Aderiu (1997) said that distress in banks I based on the banks examination rating system with the word “CAMEL” that is C=capital adequate, A = Asset quality, Management competence, E = earning strength, L = Liquidity sufficiency. The above mentioned is the aggregate areas that really qualifies a bank to be branded “ healthy or sick”.
A bank is considered healthy by the CBN if it maintains six criteria for instance capital paid up capital, sound management i.e bank meeting up with CBN rules, satisfy customers and shareholders interest, minimum liquidity of 30% not less than 10% of its liquid assets to be in treasury bill and certificates. In a situation where a bank defaults in one or few of the above criteria and fails to rectify its default position within a month, it is indeed qualified to be classified as distressed.
Where banks is unable to service its fixed costs, meet it debts obligations to its stakeholders has a net cash greater than its capital and can no longer operate profitably, the bank is deemed to have failed. Thus a failed banks is a bank which is unable to meet its obligations to its stakeholders as at when due arising from weakness in its financial, operational and managerial conditions.
The failed bank decree also defined “failed bank” as a bank whose license has been taken over by the CBN. Due to the inability of the regulatory authorities to bring back some of these distressed bank which failed eventually, the only way left in order to sustain public confidence and stability of the system is to revoke their licensed put them on liquidation.
Regrettably this has been the fate of some distressed banks in the country. Almost 36 banks are on distress.
This study will also highlight in chapter 2, the main internal causes of distress and its implication on the Nigeria economy.
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
There have been accusations in newspaper journals and publications that the causes of the widespread distress in Nigerian banks is lack of objectivity and negligence on the part of accountants / auditors. They have been accused of not playing an effective role in these banks and hence have not adequately protected the integrity of these institutions as well as the interest of the owners.
The above situation has given rise to the following problems