EFFECTIVE MOTIVATIONAL PROGRAMMES AND PRODUCTIVITY IN GOVERNMENT PARASTATALS

(A CASE STUDY OF IMO STATE HEALTH MANAGEMENT BOARD)

 

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ABSTARCT

The continued decline in productivity government  parastatals despite huge financial and material resources invested in them has been a matter of concern to all  well meaning Nigerians. This has in its part contributed to  the economic crisis which the country is currently facing. This research work is designed to look into the motivational aspect of the work environment and its relative effect on productivity  in these parastatals.

Some how workers in the public sectors of the economy are no effectively motivated into increasing their productivity and this has a major factor in contributing  to the decline in productivity and subsequently to the present condition of the economy. these it is the purpose of the study  to investigate the     assumptions as stated in the hypothesis.

The data used for this research were collected mainly through the use of questionnaire. These questionnaires were positioned in various cadres of workers in the Imo State hospital manageemnt board in all the three (3) zones of the state. The data collected were analyzed by percentage and chi-square statistical methods the findings of the research are:

  1. That a fairly good majority of  workers in these parastatals are happy with  their job
  2. That the management of these parastatals does not pay worker nor reward staff for putting more effort in their job
  3. That majority of the workers opted for promotion salaries  recognition high payment of wages/salaries as the major conditions for them to increase their productivity
  4. The management of the parastatals virtually make no effort to recognize and compensate workers.
  5. That sponsored training programme in the parastatals are few
  6. That very good inter-relationship exist among the worker.
  7. That 96 percent of workers affirmed to the fact that if they are compensated affectively they will increase their productivity.
  8. That the inherent problem of financial benefits and welfare especially has covered the standard of living of the workers.

Finally the recommendations suggested to help alleviate the problem areas are:

  1. The employers should device an effective and efficient means of paying the worker the various benefits and care fro welfare
  2. The motivational  factors like promotion increase in salaries and recognition should be used as means of gingering the workers into increase performance.
  3. That recognition and appropriate financial reward should be given to workers who put in more effort on the job
  4. That the management of the parastatals should increase their sponsored training programme as its tool of increasing productivity
  5. That the management of the parastalats should do everything possible to maintain the work environment

CHAPTER ONE

1.0            INTRODUCTION

1.1     A brief historical background of the Imo state health management board

1.2              Statements of problem.

1.3              Research questions

1.4                Purpose/ significant  of the  study

1.5              Assumptions  of the study

1.6     limitation of the study

1.6              Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature review

2.1            The concept of motivation

2.2            What is motivation

2.3            Definition of motivation

2.4            The importance of motivation

2.5            Theories of motivation

2.6            The concept theories

i.        Douglas H. gregor’s theories x and Y

ii.       Abraham H Maslow’s need of hierarchy theory

iii.      Fredrick Herzberg’s two factor theory

iv.      David Mc cleland needs theory of motivation

v.       C.P Alerfer’s era theory of motivation

vi       Elton mayo’s human relations theory of motivation

vii.     The equity theory

2.5.2  other motivation factor

i.        The expectancy theory

ii.       Summary of literature review

Reference

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Research design & methodology

3.1 Data selection

3.2            Determination of sample size

3.3            Sources of data

3.4            Methods of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Finding and analysis of data

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary of research finding

5.1     Recommendation

5.2     Conclusions

Appendix

Appendix I letter of authority

Appendix II questionnaires

CHAPTER ONE

1.0  INTRODUCTION.

There is clearly and widely accepted belief that the economy of this counting is weak. This has in effect caused such as untold economic hardship to the populace, such that has never been experienced in the history of Nigeria since its independence. It is an acknowledged view that the economy of the entire world is undergoing recessional period. This is much noticeable and hard- feet in the third world countries of which Nigeria is one.

Nigeria is much up of thirty- six  (36) state and Abuja as the federal Capital territory (FTC) and she practices mixed economy ideology system. This is an inheritance from her colonial masters. This resulted to her economic structure in relation to ownership of factors of production being divided into sectors.  Earlier before the outset of the third commendable and the standard of living was fairly high, as the purchasing power of our currency was also high. The factors that led into the buoyancy were the revenue that was constantly earned from the sales of crude oil.

The second factor was that the nation’s agricultural productivity was also higher than what is obtainable now. Some of the resultant effect of high flow of revenue from crude oil was that people became reluctant to work and displayed a great deal of non- chalet attitude towards the continuation of their agriculture and small sale industrial operations. This subsequently led to a decrease in productivity of goods and services. It further resulted in an increased dependence on imported oil. Thus, there existed a great disparity between our foreign exchange earnings and our expenditure of which the later was greater.

The emergence of the oil, glut, made it clear that Nigerian’s economy is hanging on a balance. This situation led to the introduction of the structural Adjustment programmes other wise known as ‘SAP’ by the Babangide administration. This was designed to help bring the rumblings economy its shape. The main strategy here is to reduce the rush for foreign goods, increase production locally and to restructure the entire economy to operate at a greater degree of indecency from foreign influence. The role of effective management of financial, material and human resources cannot therefore be underestimated as one of the means of achieving these economic goals. The government is doing her best through viable policy plans and strategies to influxes substantial materials and financial resources of the two arms in production and ultimate economic stability.

On the note, its very important to recognize that for economic growth to be achieved, full and effective consideration must be given to the well being of the individual workers that required to carryout their respective activities in the economic system. When workers are being taken care of, there is the tendency for increased productivity. If productivity increases, there will be the urge for generating more revenue (that is profit) from taxes to the government. Undertaking higher motivational programmes on the individual workers can only do this as it effects human resources management among other factors of production.

It is the objectives of the study to examine the extent if positive effect that could be achieved through effective motivational programmes on productivity unique semi- independent government sector called prostates.

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

There is an ‘Igbo’ adage which says that ‘a collectively owned goat starves to death’. But why? This adage goes to explain the differences that have been existing in efficiency, effectiveness and productivity between the private owned and government establishments.

The main functional area of these parastatals is centered on provision of services of various types such as healthcare, information dissemination, electricity supply and so on. Competition between these private organizations that offer the same services in the parastatals and the parastatals themselves therefore exists.

People seems to patrnize private sectors than the public sectors, Reasons, being that the private sectors that offer similar services are more efficient and also offer them with keen interest. Typical examples are a situation where people patronize private owned hospitals. The question now is ‘why do people drift away from patronizing public set up.’?

A caused interview confirmed some serious complaints by the members of the public over the uncaring and non-chalet attitudes of these government hospital workers.

Conversely, a very close fact finding investigation within the workers confirmed these allegation further questioning as to why workers behave that way, gave the investigator these impressions and they include the following;

 

–         High degree of frustration and stigma in the work place.

–         Wrong timing in administration of salaries, wages and fringe benefits and other various ills that have befallen the workers which involve bribery, corruption, inefficiency and ultimately downward plunging of productivity which would continue unless something is done to remedy these problems.

 

1.3                        RESEACH QUESTIONS.

-Is motivation really a means of achieving the desired result in an organization?

 

–    Dose it mean that effectiveness of production depends on the motivated factors of employees?

–         Has efficiency be improved since some motivated system was introduced?

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