EFFECTIVENESS OF COST ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN PRICE DETERMINATION

EFFECTIVENESS OF COST ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN PRICE DETERMINATION

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Preface

Cost are estimation of all expenditure incurred in exchange of goods & services. Therefore will can wee cost accounting. So cost accounting is systematic analysis and recording of financial transactions in respect of material. Are these in any help in determination of price?

 

The aim of this research work is to find out effectiveness of cost accounting information in price determination, how to regulate and fixed price in any existing goods. This work has only three chapters.

 

Chapter one contain introduction and discussion of cost accounting by different categories of people. It proceed further to state the objective of the study, scope and limitation, significant of the study, statement problems and finally the definition of terms.

 

Literature review examined by other studies as it related to effectiveness of cost accounting information in prove determination. Like cost determination cost control, fixed and variable cost, the flow of costing devable venture. Determination of processing system etc. is in chapter two.

 

Finally, the summary of findings, conclusion and recommendation made by the researcher are all in chapter three.

 

If the industries put the recommendation made in the study to use, there will know how to regulate and fixed price for profit maximization.


TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                1

Background of the study                                                          1

Objectives of the study                                                             4

Scope and limitation                                                                  6

Significant of the study                                                             6

Definition of terms                                                                     7

CHAPTER TWO

Review of literature                                                                   11

Cost determination                                                                    11

Cost control                                                                               12

Fixed and variable cost                                                                      13

Natural and functional classification                                       14

The transfer finished goods in industry firm                           18

The transfer to cost of sales in venture                                  18

Deforming the cost structure of fire pricing purposes           20

The nature of problem                                                              26

Summary of literature of review                                               37

CHAPTER THREE

Summary of findings                                                                 39

Recommendation                                                                      39

Conclusion                                                                                 45

Bibliography                                                                               47


CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

So much that we are hearing about “Cost accounting”. This cost accounting are two words with differently meaning join together to make up a course that we steely in field of accounting, without cost there will be no account.

 

Before introduction of this word cost accounting we can view the historical background of cost. Some where arouse the turn of the century cost were caught up in general industrial movement which later became known as scientific management. The role assigned to them was some what subordinate. Therefore cost definition is money outlay in exchange of goods and services, other definition goes like this, it is incurred expenditure occur on exchange of goods and services. While accounting has been define by Squiter and muder down in his book titles “Accounting theory and practice as a reporting activity that forms party of any management information system.

Cost accounting in an area in accountancy which has developed very rapidly in the recent years, and there can be no doubt about it’s growing importance in the modern production methods. The growing need of cost accounting in business organization could be partly attributed 60 huge capital involvements, higher proportion of indirect costs, widening markets, competition and improved technology, these factors, however establish the need for proper and accurate keeping of records for cost ascertainment.

 

Cost accounting, originally referred to as ways of gathering and assigning historical costs of units of products and departments specifically for purposes of products and departments specifically for purposes of inventory valuation and profit determination. Fundamentally, cost accounting refers to the gathering and providing of information to the management needs for its daily operations, making important decisions and formulation of policies for the present and future activities if the organisation. Cost accounting also assists, in fulfilling the legal requirements of reporting of shareholders, creditors, government agencies and other external parties.

 

Cost accounting is the process of accounting for cost while beings with the record of income and expenditure or the bases on which they are calculates the ends with the preparation of statistical data. As has been said, it is the formal mechanism by means of which costs are ascertained and should not be confused with costing.

 

It should be noted that cost accounting deals with the recording, not only of expenditure, but of income. This is accordance with the present day conception of a cost accounting functions, which now embrace the ascertainment of selling and distribution and their measurement in relation to sale. The cost account is also concerned with the income arising from the sale of scrap and similar item which go to reduce costs. It should also be noted that the preparation of statistical data, which summarizes the information collected during the process of accounting for cost, falls within the scope of cost accounting.

The institute of cost management accountants (IMA) define cost accounting as the application of accountancy and costing principles, methods and techniques in the ascertainment of costs and the analysis of savings and of excess as compared with previous experience or with standard.

 

  • OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

If a system is to be successful, it should be designed with a specific business in mind. In another to put, the objectives should

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