FRAUD AND FINANCIAL MALPRACTICE AS A LEADING FACTOR IN BUSINESS FAILURE

FRAUD AND FINANCIAL MALPRACTICE AS A LEADING FACTOR IN BUSINESS FAILURE

A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN

TELECOMMUNICATION [NITEL] ENUGU

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CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                       1

1.1     Background to the study                                                    1

1.2     Statement of the problem                                                   3

1.3     Objective of the study                                                        3

1.4     Scope of the study                                                             4

1.5     Research question                                                              4

1.6     Research hypothesis                                                          5

1.7     Significance of the study                                                   6

  • Definition of terms 7

CHAPTER TWO

Review of related literature                                                          9

  • Definition of Distress/failure of a corporation 9
  • Causes of Business failure 12

2.3     Summary of related reviewed literature.                            28

CHAPTER THREE

Research design and methodology                                               30

  • Research Design 30
  • Area Of Study 30
  • Population of the study 30
  • Instrument for data collection 34
  • Validity of the instrument 35
  • Reliability of the instrument 35
  • Method of administration of

the research instrument                                                      36

  • Method of data analysis 36

CHAPTER FOUR

Data presentation and results                                                       38

Research question 1                                                                     41

Research question 2                                                                     43

Research question 3                                                                     46

Summary of results/findings                                                        49

CHAPTER FIVE

Discussion of results, conclusions

Implications and recommendations                                              51

  • Discussion of findings 51
  • Conclusions 53
  • Implications of the study 54
  • Recommendations 54
  • Suggestion for further study 56
  • Limitation For The Study 56

References                                                                         57

Appendix A                                                                       59

 

LIST OF TABLES

PAGE

TABLE 3.1                      Sample size Determination and Allocation

of Questionnaire …………………………35

TABLE 4.1                      Factors responsible for non-achievement

of objectives by NITEL Ltd

TABLE 4.2                      Analysis of the first Research hypothesis

TABLE  4.3                     Factors responsible for

Fraudulent practice in NITEL Ltd

TABLE  4.4                     Analysis of the second

Research hypothesis

TABLE  4.5                     Factors responsible for

Ineffective internal control system

In NITEL Ltd

TABLE 4.6                      Analysis of the third

Research hypothesis

TABLE 4.7                      Impact of assessment of factors

In fraud Elimination/minimisation

TABLE 4.8                      Analysis of the fourth research

Hypothesis

 

ABSTRACT

The study is concerned with an investigation into found and financial Malpractices as a leading factor in Business failure – A case study of Nigerian Telecommunication Ltd (NITEL)

By way of background, the study commenced with an overview of the business environments and its effects on business growth and survival.

Using NITEL as a case study it was established that in spite of its privatisation. NITEL is still saddled with the problem of bad image arising mostly from fraudulent practices

With the above stated problem, the specific objectives of the study were.

I         To ascertain why NITEL Ltd is still saddled with problem of fraudulent practices.

Ii        To determine whether there is  significant weakness in NITEL internal control system.

Data collection were analysed using weighted mean and standard deviation suing T-test statistical analysis.  Majors findings of the study were.

I         The study revealed that the NITEL is unable to achieve its objective

Ii        It was also revealed that found and financial malpractices was the most important factors that has contributed to poor performance of NITEL.

At the end, the following recommendations were made:

I         NITEL management should design appropriate policies.

Ii        The organisation should  also strengthened its internal control system.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

In all human endeavours and activities there are usually stories

of successes  (achievements) and failures.

Businesses are therefore no exception.  Initially, a motive for setting up a company is for economic reasons which are usually taken to be profit maximization.  In periods of booms as was experienced in the mid – seventies during the oil boom, many businesses including the public sector organisations thieved in an era of abundance and squanderminio

In such an era, employment, production and income were at their peak levels and governmental expenditures at all levels rise considerably without any corresponding rise in productivity.

During this period also, no one complained, and managers of our various businesses did not think of means of survival and substance

Efficiency and effectiveness in the use of sources resources were never thought of and there were total absence of resource control mechanisms

Economic planners in such periods makes unrealistic projections and assumptions as they plan to build high – ways , sky – scrappers,  organisation now think of lost reduction and minimisation of fraud and financial malpractices which hither to plunged such organisation into distressed conditions.

The adverse macro – economic conditions in Nigeria today has attained a dimension that can best be described as “crisis” level.  This has led to some drastic measures or programmes being initiated by the government to keep the nation afloat.

Such measures have come in different names at different times, ranging from the belting tightening of the Shangri administration through Economic Emergency order of Buhari regime to the structural Adjustment programme (SAP).

As a result of these measures, firms, and individuals have found themselves in extremely hard condition to the extent that some have failed completely, others are stagnated and distressed.

What factors are specifically responsible for such state  of affairs of the business firms?  This project is set out to investigate how fraud and financial malpractices can bring is highly profitable organisations into distressed and untimely liquidation.

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

In spite of the Federal Government privatising the

telecommunication industry,  NITEL Ltd is saddled with the problem of bad image orising mostly from fraudulent management and staff of the company.

There is inherent weakness in the internal control system of NITEL Ltd.

NITEL Ltd management does not consider policy on fraudulent cases as strategic in its decision taking.

NITEL Ltd has not net-up with the expectation of investors as

 

 

 

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