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The capital market has an important contribution make in terms of mobilization of savings to profitable self liquidating investment. An analysis of the Nigeria capital market is the subject of this research because effective capital market can offer several advantages to governments and private sector. This project is designed to analyze the problems and prospects of the capital market, this is because it is from the capital market that funds were raised to finance most of the investment in premises, buildings productions, plant and machinery of the private sector in Nigeria. Nevertheless the result of this project shows that the Nigeria capital market has contributed immensely towards providing short–term and long capital for government and private companies for the economic growth of Nigeria. It also assist investors, to have great confidence in funding big project. Finally, for the capital market to enable operational efficiency and attract more investors, it depend largely on the extent to which the capital market adapts fast hanging world information through the use of internet, E-mail, E-Commerce and effective telecommunication like the telephone, locally and (internationally) GSM and etc.




Title page- –       –       –       –       –       –       —             –       –       i

Declaration       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       ii

Approval   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       iii

Dedication         –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       iv

Acknowledgement     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       v

Abstract    –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       vii

Table of contents-      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       viii


CHAPTER ONEIntroduction

1.1    Background of the study   –       –       –       –       –       –       1

1.2    History background of Nigerian Stock Exchanged

Market in Nigeria       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       3

1.3    Objective of the study –      –       –       –       –       –       –       8

1.4    Statement of General Problems- –       –       –       –       9

1.5    Background of the Subject Matter      –       –       –       –       10

1.6    Rational for the study-       —      –       –       –       –       –       11

1.7    Scope of the study     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       12

1.8    Statement of hypothesis–  –       –       –       –       –       –       12

1.9    Definition of terms    –       –       –       –       –       –       –       13


CHAPTER TWOReview related literature

  1. Introduction      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       14
  2. The Nigerian securities and Exchange Commission     –       17
  3. Evaluation Stock Exchange Commission Activities in

Nigeria      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       19

  1. The role of the capital market    –       –       –       –       –       21
  2. Ideal environment for efficient capital market     –       –       22
  3. The Nigerian Stock Exchange Operation     –       –       –       23
  4. Trading procedure in Nigeria Stock Exchange     –       –       26
  5. The Issuing Houses practice      –       –       –       –       –       29
  6. The Unit Trust  –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       34
  7. The Problems of the Nigerian Capital Market      –       –       35

CHAPTER THREE – Research Methodology

3.0    Introduction      –       –       –       –       —      –       –       –       43

3.1    Research approaches used         –       –       –       –       –       43

3.2    Justification for approach used-         –       –       –       –       43

33     Instrument used-      –       –       –       –       –       –       –       44

3.4    Research population and sample size-        –       –       –       45

3.5    Sampling procedure employed   –       –       –       –       –       45

3.6    Justification for sample procedure and sample size-   –       46

3.7    Statistical techniques used in Analysis the data.         –       46

CHAPTER FOUR – Presentation and analysis of Data

4.0    Introduction –   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       48


CHAPTER FIVE – Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

  1. Introduction –   –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       55
  2. Summary of finding           –       –       –       –       –       –       55
  3. Conclusion        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       55
  4. Recommendations     –       –       –       –       –       –       –       56

References        –       –       –       –       –       –       –       –       58







The capital market as a subsection of financial market, deals in long term and short term, as well as operating stock.  It may not involve the issue of negotiation instrument but, cash flow from operators and direct negotiation or re-capitalization.  These are done through organization such as:

  1. Development Bank, NIDB, NBC
  2. THE Nigerian Stock Exchange
  3. The Issues Houses
  4. The Unit Trust which are largely the government owned and therefore, have their capital subscribed by government.  It also involves Insurance Company which also have their capital issued subscribed direct also have owner i.e. government or private owned.  They Rightly be called the market for direct negotiation long term (NDLF) that is the arm of capital market.

The other arm of capital market is the securities market that deal in the issue of sales of long term securities like the money market.  Securities market involves the lending of money in one form or the other unlike the money market however, the securities trade in long term debt are bonds issue by the government on agency which when bought by individual or institution grants loan to what ever organization that issued it.

It is thus a promissory note or (100) whichever issue promissory to repay at certain date in the future and pay by the buyer as a guaranteed rate of interest.  Among such bonds available in Nigeria capital market are:

  1. The federation of Nigerian First Development Stock 1964, 1969 and 1979.
  2. Cooperate debenture stock:  These are issued by the government whose stock are normally, quested on the stock exchange, are recent one being the CFAO often for subscription of N25 million 12% redeemed debenture stock.

The equities on the other hand are purchase share or stock issued by company or institutions by individual, group or financial intermediaries.  The purchased of share or stock does not become a creditors as the case of bond or under bond issue, rather he became an owner of the company.  The corporation promises nothing in return except through good business management, it increase its earning which allow the purchased (now an owner) to earn in dividends.

The equities on the other hands are purchased shares and stock issued by a company or institution by an individual.  The equity can be in form of shares (offer for subscription) as the case was first issued in the Nigeria in February 1959 when the Nigeria Cement Company Limited.  (Niger Cement) made a public offer of N100.00 N2 per value share at April, 1960.

The securities market can be newly issued securities board, or equities that primary segment of the capital market or in securities that have already been issued.  That is the secondary market for outstanding securities that has also been issued.




The Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE) was established in 1960, and currently has some 283 listed companies with a total market capitalization as at March 09, 2007




This article highlights various college of education, polytechnics, universities website in Nigeria.


Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Federal College of Educ. Abeokuta,

Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu,

Federal College of Education, Kano,

Federal College of Education, Katsina,

Federal college of Education, Kontagora,

Federal College of Education, Obudu,

Federal College of Education, Okene,

Federal College of Education, Okene,

Federal College of Education, Pankshin,

 Federal College of Education, Yola,

Federal College of Education, Zaria,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Gombe,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Gusau,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku,

Federal College of Education (Special) Oyo,

State college of education

College of Education, Agbor,

Akwa-Ibom State College of Education, Afaha-Nsit,

College of Education, Akwanga, ., form and admissions list

College of Education, Akwanga,

Cross River State College of Education, Akamkpa,

Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu,

College of Education, Azare,

Bayelsa State College of Education, Okpoama,

Emmanuel Alyande College of Education, Oyo,

Enugu State College of Education (Tech.) Enugu,

College of Education, Ekiadolor,

Umar Suleiman College of Education, Gashua,

College of Education, Gindiri,

Michael Otedola College of Primary Education, Moforiji,

College of Education, Port Harcourt,

Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, Otto,

Tai Solarin College of Education, Ijebu-Ode,

Tai Solarin College of Education, Ijebu-Ode,

Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo,

College of Education, Ikere,

College of Education, Ilesha, .

College of Education, Ilesha,

College of Education, Ilorin,

College of Education, Jalingo,

Kano State College of Education, Kumbotso,

College of Education, Benue,

Kebbi State College of Education, Argungu,

College of Education, Minna,

Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe,

College of Education, Oju,

College of Education, Oro,

College of Education, Oro,

Oyo State College of Education, Oyo,

College of Education, Warri,

College of Education, Warri,

FCT College of Education, Zuba,

Private college of education in Nigeria

Angel Crown College of Education, Gidan-Daya, .

Elder Oyama Memorial College of Education, Ofat-Adun,

Assanusiyah College of Education, Odeomu,

African Thinkers Community of inquiry College of Education,

Best Legacy College of Education, Ikirun,

Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, .

Calvin Foundation College of Education, Naka,

Harvard Wilson College of Education, Aba,

Hill College of Education, Akwanga,

Institute of Ecumenical Education, Enugu,

College of Education, Foreign Links Campus Moro,

College of Education, Foreign Links Campus Moro,

Diamond College of education aba

Muhyideen College of Education, Ilorin,  

ONIT College of Education, Abagana, .

The African Church College of Education, Lagos,

St. Augustine College of Education, Yaba,

Yewa Central College of Education, Ogun,

List of Federal Universities in Nigeria

Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University,

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,

Bayero University, Kano,

Federal University, Gashua,

Federal University of Tech, Akure,

Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun,

Federal University of Technology, Minna,

Federal University of technology, Owerri,

Federal University Dutse,

Federal University Dutsin-Ma,

Federal University, Ndufu-Alike,

Federal University, Otuoke,

Federal University, Wukari,

Federal University, Birnin Kebbi,

Federal University, Gusau

Michael Okpara Univeristy of Agric, Umudike, .

Modibbo Adama University of Tech, Yola, .

National Open University of Nigeria,

Nigeria Police Academy Wudil, .

Nigeria defense Academy, Kaduna, .

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka,

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, .

University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, .

University of Agriculture Abeokuta,

University of Agriculture Markurdi,

University of Benin,

University of Calabar,

University of Lagos,

University of Maiduguri,

University of Nigeria Nsukka,

University of Port-Harcourt

University of Uyo, .

Usmanu Danfodiyo University,

List of State Universities in Nigeria admission list

Abia State University, Uturu,

Adamawa State University, Mubi,

Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba,

Amrose Alli University, Ikot Akpaden,

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli,

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli,

Bauchi State Unibversity, Gadau,

Benue State University Markurdi,

Bukar Abba Ibrahim University, Damaturu,

Cross River State University of Sc. & Tech, Calabar, .

Delta State University Abraka,

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,

Ekiti State University,

Enugu State University of Sc. & Tech. Enugu,

Gombe State University, Gombe

Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University,

Ignatius Ajuru University of Education,

Imo state University,Owerri,

Jigawa State University,

Kaduna State University, Kaduna

Kano University of Sc. & Tech, Wudil

Kebbi State University, Kebbi,

Kogi State University, Anyigba,.

Kwara State University, Ilorin, .

Ladoke Akintola university of Tech,

Lagos State University Ojo,

Nasarawa State University, Keffi,

Niger Delta University, Yenagoe,

Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye,

Ondo State University of Sc. & Tech, Okitipupa,

Osun State University, Oshogbo,

Plateau State University, Bokkos,

Rivers State University of Sc. & Tech,

Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-ode,

Taraba State University, Jalingo,

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University,

Private Universities

Achievers University, Owo,

Adeleke University, Ede,

Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti,

African University of Sc. & Tech, Abuja,

Al-hikmah University, Ilorin,

Ajayi Crowther University, Ibadan,

Al-Qalam University, Katsina,

American University of Nigeria, Yola, .

Babcock University, Ilishan,

Baze University,

Bells University of Technology, Otta,

Benson Idahosa University, Benin,

Bingham University, New Karu,

Bowen University, Iwo,

Caleb University, Lagos, .

Caritas University, Enugu,

CETEP City University, Lagos,

Covenant University, Ota,

Crawford University, Igbesa,

Crescent University,

Elizade University, Ilara-mokin, .

Fountain University, Oshogbo,

Gregory University, Uturu,

Hallmark University,

Igbinedion University, Okada

Joseph Ayo Babalola University,Ikeji,

Kwararafa University, Wukari,

Lead City University, Ibadan,

Madonna University, Okija

Mcpherson University, Seriki

Nigerian-Turkish Nile University, Abuja,

Novena University, Ogume,

Obong University, Obong Ntak, .

Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu,

Pan-African University, Lagos,

Paul University, Awka,

Redeemer’s University, Mowe,

Renaissance University, Enugu,

Salem University, Lokoja,]

Tansian University, Umunya, .

University of Mkar

Veritas University, .

Wellspring University, Edo, .

Wesley University of Sc. & Tech, Ondo,

Western Delta University, Oghara

List of all the Federal Polytechnics in Nigeria

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

     Auchi Polytechnic .

     Auchi Polytechnic .

    Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti

Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti .

Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, .

    Federal Polytechnic, Bida,

 Federal Polytechnic, Bida,

   Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu,

     Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State,

 Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State,

 Federal Polytechnic, Ida,

   Federal Polytechnic, Ida, .

  Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro,

     Federal Polytechnic, Ile-Oluji, Ondo State,

    Federal Polytechnic, Mubi,

   Federal Polytechnic, Namoda,

   Federal Polytechnic, Nassarawa,

  Federal Polytechnic, Nekede,

    Federal Polytechnic, Nekede,

Federal Polytechnic, Offa,

 Federal Polytechnic, Offa,

 Federal Polytechnic, Oko,

Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy,

Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna,

Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology

Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi,

Yaba College of Tech,

List of State Polytechnics in Nigeria

 Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo,

Abia State Polytechnic, .

Adamawa State Polytechnic,

Akwa-Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot-Osurua,

Benue State Poly, Ugbokolo,

Gateway Polytechnic, Igbesa,

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,

The Polytechnic, Ibadan, .

Institute of Mgt. and Tech,

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo

Kano State Polytechnic,

Kogi State Polytechnic, Lokoja,

Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin,

Lagos State Poly, Ikorodu,

Moshood Abiola Poly,

Nasarawa State Polytechnic

Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku,

Osun State Poly, Iree,

Osun State Poly, Iree,

Osun State College of Tech, Esa-Oke,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro,

Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin-Ladi,

Adamawa State Poly,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science

Rivers State Polytechnic,

Gateway Polytechnic Saapade

Edo State Inst. of Tech and Mgt, Usen,

Niger State Poly, Zungeru, Niger State,

List of Private Polytechnics in Nigeria

Allover Central Polytechnic,

Crown Polytechnics,

Covenant Polytechnic,

Dorben Polytechnic, Bwari-Garam Road,

Fidei Polytechnic, Gboko,

Grace Polytechnic,

Grace Polytechnic,

Igbajo Polytechnic,

The Polytechnic, Ile-Ife, NITEL Road

Lagos City Poly, Ikeja, Lagos State,

Light House Polytechnic, Eubuobanosa,

Interlink Polytechnic,

Kings Polytechnic, Ubiaja,

RONIK Polytechnic,

Shaka Polytechnic, Polytechnic, Benin city,

Temple-Gate Polytechnic,

Wolex Polytechnic

Prime Polytechnic

The Polytechnic Imesi-Ile, Osun

Heritage Polytechnic, Ikot Udota

Ibadan City Polytechnic