AN ASSESSMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT AND CREDIT ADMINISTRATION IN UNION BANK NIGERIA PLC, KADUNA

AN ASSESSMENT OF RISK MANAGEMENT AND CREDIT ADMINISTRATION IN UNION BANK NIGERIA PLC, KADUNA

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ABSTRACT

The study examines risk management and Credit Administration in Union Bank Plc, Kaduna. The research questions that guided this study were: How is risk managed in Union Bank? What are the constraints militating against risk management and credit administration? What are the solutions to the identified problems. The survey method was used as the sample size. A questionnaire designed in five likert scale was used as the instrument of data collection. The mean (x) was used to analyze data. The result of findings indicates that risk is mainly managed in Union Bank through embarking on insurance of customers deposit as well proper evaluation and monitoring of loan proposal.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study      –         –         –         –         –         –         1

1.2     Statement of the Problem    –         –         –         –         –         –         3

1.4     Significance of the Study      –         –         –         –         –         –         4

1.3     Objectives of the Study         –         –         –         –         –         –         4

1.6     Scope of the Study       –         –         –         –         –         –         –         5

1.5     Research Questions     –         –         –         –         –         –         –         5

1.7     Definition of Terms     –         –         –         –         –         –         –         6

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Introduction        –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         7

2.2     Concept of Risk Management in Commercial Banks        –         7

2.3     Credit Administration in Commercial Bank   –         –         –         10

2.4     Techniques of Risk Management in Commercial Banks  –         19

2.5     Credit Administrative Techniques in Commercial Banks          23

2.6     The Problems Militating against Risk Management and Credit Administration in Commercial Banks    –         –         –         –         25

2.7     Summary of the Literature  –         –         –         –         –         –         26

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Introduction        –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         27

3.2     Research Design          –         –         –         –         –         –         –         27

3.3     Area of the Study         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         27

3.4     Population of the Study        –         –         –         –         –         –         27

3.5     Sample Size        –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         28

3.6     Instrument of Data Collection       –         –         –         –         –         28

3.7     Validity of the Instrument   –         –         –         –         –         –         28

3.8     Reliability of the Instrument         –         –         –         –         –         29

3.9     Method of Data Collection   –         –         –         –         –         –         29

3.10   Method of Data Analysis      –         –         –         –         –         –         29

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1     Introduction        –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         31

4.2     Respondent Characteristics –         –         –         –         –         –         31

4.3     Data Presentation and Analysis   –         –         –         –         –         32

4.4     Summary of Findings  –         –         –         –         –         –         –         38

4.5     Discussion of Findings          –         –         –         –         –         –         39

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARRY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary of Findings  –         –         –         –         –         –         –         41

5.2     Conclusion –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         42

5.3     Recommendations       –         –         –         –         –         –         –         43

Bibliography       –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         49

Appendix   –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         51

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Risk Management is the identification assessment and prioritization of risks. It is the effect of uncertainty on objectives, whether positive or negative followed by coordinated and economic of application of resources to monitor and control the probability and/or impact of unfortunate events or to maximize the realization of opportunities (Okeh, 2006).

The survival of every commercial bank depends on its ability to manage its risks and loans or advance portfolio effectively. However in the recent past, commercial banks in Nigeria witnessed rising non-performing credit portfolios and these significantly contributed to the financial distress in the banking sector.

Financial organization need to manage the credit risk inherent in the entire portfolio as well as the risk in individual credit or transaction. This is so because the survival and ability of financial institution to compete depend on their ability to profitability and manage credit risk. This is the reasons why lending is based on the two fundamental products of banking: money and information. Banks obtain these products from customers themselves by offering customer valuable services. They package money and information about their borrowers together with valuable banking services to create loan agreements and sell the loan agreements back to their customers (Hempel and Simonson, 2007).

 

As such, risk rating system in financial institution contains both objective and subjective elements. Objective aspect are based on financial statements and application of certain financial ratio that reflect liquidity, leverage and earnings. Despite the requirement that risk be quantified, risk rating systems always have a subjective dimension that attempts to capture intangibles such as the quality of management, the borrower’s status within the industry, and the quality of financial reporting. These subjective items may result in inconsistencies.

 

It is in this regard that many financial institutions have faced difficulties over the years arising from their inability to effectively manage credit risk. As such the major cause of serious banking problems continues to be directly related to tax credit standard for borrowers and counterparties, poor portfolio risk management, or lack of attention lead to a deterioration in the credit standard of a bank’s counterparties. Hence, the need to investigate the subject matter of this research becomes imperative.

 

 

1.2     Statement of the Problem

Commercial banks in the recent past witness rising non-performing credit portfolios sequel to the inability of their management to effectively manage risk and credit administration. That problem resulted to high bad debts in commercial bank and a number of other commercial banks were classified as distressed banks by the monetary authorities.

Consequently, the need to examine the subject matter: An Assessment of risk management and credit administration in Union Bank Plc, Kaduna Main branch becomes worthy of

 

 

 

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