PERCEPTION OF PREMARITAL SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP AMONGST STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION

PERCEPTION OF PREMARITAL SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP AMONGST STUDENTS IN TERTIARY INSTITUTION: A CASE STUDY OF DELTA STATE UNIVERSITY,

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ABSTRACT

This study is centred on the “Perception of Premarital Sexual Relationship amongst Students in Tertiary Institutions. The challenges of premarital sexual relationship have attracted concern; this is due to the various social issues that it generates. The understanding here is that, premarital sexual relationship comes with its own dangers and if not properly handled may lead to several social problems. More so, the theory of planned behaviour was used to explain premarital sexual relationship and its occurrence amongst undergraduate students. To achieve the stated objectives of the research, data were collected using the questionnaire as an instrument. These data were analysed using the simple percentage statistical tool in order to attain clarity.  From the findings of the research, it was concluded that premarital sexual relationship amongst students has assumed an alarming proportion and that premarital sexual relationship is now part of the social life of students and at such, students see nothing wrong in it. Consequently, it was recommended that, early sexual education should be given to children, regular campaign and public sensitisation on premarital sexual relationship should be carried out and that parents, government and the general public should take it upon themselves to contribute their own quota to the education and reduction of premarital sexual relationship.

 

Chapter One: Introduction

 

1.1            Background of the Study                            ..        ..        ..          1

1.2            Statement of the Problem                  ..        ..        ..          6

1.3            Objectives of the Study                     ..        ..        ..          9

1.4            Research Questions                           ..        ..        ..          9

1.5            Significance of the Study                  ..        ..        ..          10

1.6            Scope of the Study                            ..        ..        ..          11

1.7            Operational Definition of Concept    ..        ..        ..          14

 

 

Chapter Two: Literature Review and Theoretical Framework

 

2.1     Introduction                                      ..        ..        ..          16

2.2     Premarital Sexual Activity of Student        ..        ..        ..          20

2.3     Factors Affecting Student Sexual Behaviour       ..        ..          21

2.3.1  Age                                                   ..        ..        ..          23

2.3.2  Academic Performance and Education                 ..        ..          24

2.3.3  Exposure to Mass Media                            ..        ..        ..          25

2.3.4  Knowledge on Sexuality and Reproductive Health Issues         27

2.3.5  Socio-Economic Status of Parents    ..        ..        ..          30

2.3.6  Living Environment                          ..        ..        ..          31

2.3.7  Parent-Child Communication           ..        ..        ..          32

2.3.8  Communication with Friends            ..        ..        ..          33

2.3.9  Relationship with Opposite Sex                 ..        ..        ..          35

2.4     Premarital Sexual Activity in various Societies   ..          37

2.5     Theoretical Framework                     ..        ..        ..          44

2.5.1  Theory of Planned Behaviour           ..        ..        ..          42

 

Chapter Three: Research Methods

3.1            Introduction                                      ..        ..        ..          46

3.2     Design of the Study                          ..        ..        ..          46

3.3     Population of the Study                             ..        ..        ..          47

3.4     Sample and Sampling Technique      ..        ..        ..          47

3.5     Research Instrument                         ..        ..        ..          48

3.6     Method of Data Collection                ..        ..        ..          48

3.7     Method of Data Analysis                  ..        ..        ..          49

 

Chapter Four:     Data Presentation, Analysis and Discussion of Result

 

4.1     Introduction                                      ..        ..        ..          50

4.2     Data Presentation                                       ..        ..        ..          51

4.3     Discussion of Findings                      ..        ..        ..          62

 

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1     Summary                                          ..        ..        ..          65

5.2     Conclusion                                        ..        ..        ..          66

5.3     Recommendations                                      ..        ..        ..          67

 

REFERENCES                                 ..        ..        ..          69

 

APPENDIX                                      ..        ..        ..          76

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

Sexual behaviour or indulgence to sex among undergraduate students and young adults nowadays are one of the great concerns of our society (Donovan, 2007).  Sexuality is an instinct imprinted into the genes of each living creature.  Attraction of the opposite sex has been the key factor behind reproduction and survival of each species.  Most of the species are born with only seasonal sexual necessities.  They mate and reproduce only at limited times a year.  Human beings, on the other hand, have active sexual instincts throughout his/her life; right from the day he/she discovers his/her sexuality in pre-adulthood.  This instinct has found overpowering the cultural advancement we have gained over the past (Wikipidia, 2007).

Sexuality is only sexuality for all other animals, but human beings have restricted forms of sexuality like pre-marital sexuality and extra-marital sexuality. The main reason behind introducing this restriction is that unlike all other animals we live in a civilised society with strict norms of morality and cultural obligations.  The society always long for nature relationships and mutual respect between each member of this society.  The main goal behind bringing in the sexual restrictions is that each member of this society should be treated with dignity and not as instruments of fulfilling lust. Sexuality, in particular, is a major area of concern for young adult and individuals or families of childbearing age (Pilliteri, 2003).

Having sex for the first time at an early age is often associated with unsafe sex, in part through lack of knowledge, lack of access to contraception, lack of skills and self-efficacy to negotiate contraception, having sex while drunk, or inadequate self-efficacy to resist pressure (Donovan et al., 2007). Such risky behaviours might result to unfavourable consequences like unwanted pregnancy, illegal abortion, and acquiring STD or the Sexually Transmitted Diseases through sexual contact (AEGIS, 2005). These consequences entail lots of underlying problems.  It is like a domino effect that often leads to guilt.

According to Tumangday (2005), parents should be the primary source of their children’s knowledge and value about sex.  Parents possess a great deal of knowledge about sexuality, but don’t know how to answer every question about what their kids might ask. There is also a quotation that says