STRATEGIES FOR ENHANCING FINANACIAL ACCOUNTABILITY IN THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT SYSTEM IN NIGERIA.
(A CASE STUDY OF IKWO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, EBONYI STATE)
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The purpose of this research is to study the impact of effective internal control system in the local government in Nigeria as a process of achieving financial accountability.
Also to show what happens when such a system is found ineffective. It equally aimed at providing possible solutions based on the findings and making of some recommendations when implemented will reduce some of the problems encountered in the process of maintaining financial prudence and accountability.
The sources of data used in this research are questionnaire responses, seminar handouts and personal observations. The analysis of data comprised of the use of percentage and chi-square (x2) technique. This technique was apply appropriately with three degrees of freedom and at 0.05 level of significance.
The internal control system was seen to be more effective at the finance department. Segreanse of duties was not so adequate because of interruption from the top management not allowing proper separation of functions.
The analysis of the questionnaire schedule revealed that most local government has seen the need for effective internal control system. They equally showed satisfactions from the results so far and have realized the problems inherent where there is ineffective internal control system.
It was also observed that internal control system, which is effective, enhances early detection of mistakes, deliberate misappropriation and equally checks collisions, fraud or embezzlement of funds.
Effective internal control system should be emphasized in all sectors of our economic.
This is because it tares care of proper authorization, reliability of financial records and the maintenance of financial accountability. The internal audit department should also be made to be effective in it’s functions.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1. Background of Study
1.2. Statement of Problems
1.3. The Objective of the Study
1.4. Significant of Research
1.5. Research Question
1.6. Research Hypothesis
1.7. Scope or Delimita of the Study
1.8. Definition of Terms
- Review of Literature
- The network of internal control system
- Management controls
- An overview of effective internal control system
- Internal checks and auditing practices
- The place of external auditing in enhancing financial accountability in local government
- Application for control to public sector
- Application of control to private sector
- Accountability and general
- Summary of related literature
- Research Methodology
- Research design
- Area of study
- Population of the study
- Sample and sampling procedure
- Instrument for data collection
- Validity of instrument
- Reliability of instrument
- Method of data collection
- Method of data analysis
- Presentation and Analysis of Data
4.1. Analysis of questionnaire research
4.2. Analysis of the test hypothesis
conclusion on the test of hypothesis
- Discussion, Conclusion and Recommendation
5.1. Discussion of Findings/result
- Conclusion of Findings/Result
- Implication of Result
- Suggestions for further research
- Limitation of the study
In Nigeria, local government reform has been a continuos exercise. No single regime-colonial or indigenous, civil or military, regional or state government that came to power passed without making attempt of reforming the local government system. Even though the 1976 reform has surpassed all its predecessors, it was in fact part and parcel of the continuing structural adjustment of the country’s political evolution and development. On the whole, the 1976 reform was a major departure from the previous practice of local government administration; for introduce a uniform system throughout the country.
The reform was first and foremost aimed at giving local government a definite role in the country by making it a functional thrift tier of government. The 1979 constitution indeed assumed the existence of local governments and provided adequately for its functions and powers in the second republic. Nevertheless, both it’s existence and functions were to be provided for in a law to be enacted by state government. According to section 7(1) of the 1979 constitution.
Ikwo local government came into existence in the year 1979 under Enugu state before the present mother state Ebonyi state were created in 1996.
Since then, they have had up to 7 chairman, 10 sole administrator and 6 care taker committee chairman, in total 23 of them among which Mr. V.E Nwoo was the first (Sept. 19979) and Hon. David Onuoha the present
1.1. BACKGROUND OF STUDY
The subject, financial accountability is vital to any organization be it profit oriented or non-profit oriented. Lack of financial accountability results in embezzlement, fraud and misappropriation of funds.
The peculiar nature of Nigeria economy has made any topic in accountability, financial or otherwise worth discussing. The value our society attach to wealth, which nobody is concerned to how wealthy one is, has made many people to begin to pursue wealth by all means thereby ignoring the fact that they are accountable tot he public for the public funds and properties entrusted I their care.
It is due tot he problems mentioned above which are associated with lack of financial accountability in any organization that has motivated the researcher to choose the topic “strategies for enhancing financial accountability in the local government system in Nigeria through a system of control” Ikwo local government area in Ebonyi state has been chosen as a case study in trying to discuss how effective internal control will achieve financial accountability.
Internal control system comprises the plan of organization and all co-ordinating method and measure, adopted within the management to safeguard the assets of the organization, check accuracy and reliability of its accounting data, promote operational efficiency and encourage adherence to prescribed managerial policies.
This research focus on finding if the reference organization has installed this control system and if so, how effective it is as to enhance early detection of mistakes, deliberate misappropriation and equally checks collusion, fraud or embezzlement of funds through proper authorization, reliability of financial records, safe guarding of assets and hence maintenance of financial accountability.
However, the ability of any organization t enhance its financial accountability depends mostly on the type and effectiveness of it’s internal control system.
1.2. STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Every policy formulated or constituted would have been a success if they are being carried out.
But adherence to planned policies by employees are the problems of managing organization. The problem of policy execution is