THE EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL BANK IN CONSOLIDATING STABILITY IN FOREIGN EXCHANGE

THE EXAMINATION OF THE ROLE OF FINANCIAL BANK IN CONSOLIDATING STABILITY IN FOREIGN EXCHANGE

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CHAPTER ONE:

1.1 The background of the study

1.2 Statements of problems

1.3 Objective of study

1.4 Significance of study

1.5 Limitation of study

1.6 Definition of terms

1.7 Reference

 

 

CHAPTER TWO:

2.0 Review related to literature

2.1 Genesis of banking in Nigeria

2.2 Type of banking in Nigeria

2.3 Functions of banking

2.4 Similarities and differences among banks

2.5 Role of bank in the economic development

2.6 The Nigeria banking climate

2.7 Problems faced by banks

2.8 The concept of banking failure

2.9 Causes of banking failure

2.10 Indices of banking failure

2.11 Effect of bank failure

2.12 Reference.

 

 

CHAPTER THREE:

3.0 Research methodology

3.1 Source of secondary data

3.2 Method of analysis

3.3 Location of data

3.4 Reference

 

CHAPTER FOUR:

4.0 Findings

4.1 General discussion

4.2 Reference

 

CHAPTER FIVE:

5.0 Recommendation and conclusion

5.1 Recommendation

5.2 Conclusion

5.3 Biography

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

The goal of every government of nay economy is to archive equilibrium in the economic system. It is therefore important that the authorities concerned must regulate the system indirectly with policies. This necessitates that government of any country adopting certain economic policies in order to consolidate specific macro-economic goal or objective.

 

Some of such major economic policies include the monetary policies, fiscal policies, exchange rate policies, most of this policies can only be administered thorough the agent of commercial bank which is the pivot of this research work. In Nigeria for instance. Monetary policies have been conducted under wiled ranging economic environment since the establishment central bank of Nigeria (CBN) over many years ago.

 

Basically, monetary and finical polices serve as one of the vital and strategic economic policy adopted by the government of the country in posturing the economic development with a view of consolidating certain economic goals such as acceleration of the economic growth, sustainable balance of payment, maintaining a stable exchange rate of international competitive level, combating inflation, price stability and full employment.

 

Monetary policy is defined according to the CBN briefs 1994 as the combination of measures design to regulate the values supplied and cost of money in an economy. In consonance with the level of economic activity. Anyanwu (1993, VS 140) refer monetary policies as major stabilization weapon involves measure designed to regulate and control the volume, cost, and availability and direction of money and credit in an economy to archive some specified macro-economic policy objectives. Fiscal policy on the other hand is an attempt by the government using expenditure and tax policy to shift the aggregate demand and aggregate expenditure functions towards desired position.

 

According to Anyanwu (1997, VS 241) fiscal policy is taking to refer to that part of government policy is concerning the raising of revenue and deciding on the level and pattern of expenditure fore the purchase of influencing economic activities or attaining some desirable macro-economic goods. The intricacy in handling the monetary and fiscal policy to consolidating the desired macro-economic objective necessitate that needs for an independent authority so in Nigeria today.

 

The federal government is the sole monetary authority, but it has delegated some aspect of implementation to both the ministry of finance and the central bank of Nigeria is to formulate and execute monetary policy, to promote financial system. To archive a desired policy objective, the CBN is empowered to use monetary policy techniques or instrument and the CBN dose most of its function through he commercial banks. This techniques can be classified into group, the direct portfolio control and the indirect portfolio approaches. Indirect portfolio includes the open market operation (OMO), reserve requirements, discount rate mechanism. While direct instrument includes; selective credit control, credit selling and moral suasion.

 

Furthermore monetary policy presupposed that there is some relationship between the supply and the demand for money on the one hand economic aggregate such as output, income, savings, general price level and investment. The mix of monetary policy instrument to be used and its effectiveness depends on this relationship. Monetary policy involves monetary management. Monetary management according Ojo (1992, VS 3) is defined as the act of controlling the movement of monetary and credit aggregate in the issuancxce of stable price and sustainable economic growth.

 

Therefore the Central bank or the central monetary authorities must attempt to keep the money supply growing at an appropriate rate o insure sustainable economic growth, domestic and external stability. Howe ever, in Nigeria the role of monetary and fiscal policy has increased tremendously since after independence. Both civilians and minitry government has adopted this policies consolidate macro objectives. But despite this measure to suit the constant changes in the economic situation of Nigeria, still a lot of problem be deviled the economy ranging from high unemployment, inflation and balance of payment. This prompted me to research on examination of the roles of commercial banks in consolidating stability in foreign exchanges.

 

1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

The application on the monetary and fiscal policies by the monetary authorities using the monetary instrument such as open market operation (OMO), bank reserves etc. in consonance with the prevailing economic situation is aimed at consolidating the macro-economic good of the country such as full employment, low level of inflation, favorable balance of payment

 

 

 

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State college of education

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List of Federal Universities in Nigeria

Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University, .

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, .

Bayero University, Kano, .

Federal University, Gashua, .

Federal University of Tech, Akure, .

Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun, .

Federal University of Technology, Minna, .

Federal University of technology, Owerri, .

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Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, .

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Federal University, Gusau

Michael Okpara Univeristy of Agric, Umudike, .

Modibbo Adama University of Tech, Yola, .

National Open University of Nigeria, .

Nigeria Police Academy Wudil, .

Nigeria defense Academy, Kaduna, .

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, .

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, .

University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, .

University of Agriculture Abeokuta, .

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University of Benin, .

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University of Lagos, .

University of Maiduguri, .

University of Nigeria Nsukka, .

University of Port-Harcourt, .

University of Uyo, .

Usmanu Danfodiyo University, .

List of State Universities

Abia State University, Uturu, .

Adamawa State University, Mubi, .

Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba, .

Amrose Alli University, Ikot Akpaden, .

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli, .

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli, .

Bauchi State Unibversity, Gadau, .

Benue State University Markurdi, .

Bukar Abba Ibrahim University, Damaturu, .

Cross River State University of Sc. & Tech, Calabar, .

Delta State University Abraka, .

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki, .

Ekiti State University, .

Enugu State University of Sc. & Tech. Enugu, .

Gombe State University, Gombe

Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, .

Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, .

Imo state University,Owerri, .

Jigawa State University, .

Kaduna State University, Kaduna .

Kano University of Sc. & Tech, Wudil

Kebbi State University, Kebbi, .

Kogi State University, Anyigba, .

Kwara State University, Ilorin, .

Ladoke Akintola university of Tech, .

Lagos State University Ojo, .

Nasarawa State University, Keffi, .

Niger Delta University, Yenagoe, .

Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye, .

Ondo State University of Sc. & Tech, Okitipupa, .

Osun State University, Oshogbo, .

Plateau State University, Bokkos, .

Rivers State University of Sc. & Tech, .

Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-ode, .

Taraba State University, Jalingo, .

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University, .

Private Universities

Achievers University, Owo, .

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Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti, .

African University of Sc. & Tech, Abuja, .

Al-hikmah University, Ilorin, .

Ajayi Crowther University, Ibadan, .

Al-Qalam University, Katsina, .

American University of Nigeria, Yola, .

Babcock University, Ilishan, .

Baze University, .

Bells University of Technology, Otta, .

Benson Idahosa University, Benin, .

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Bowen University, Iwo, .

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Joseph Ayo Babalola University,Ikeji, .

Kwararafa University, Wukari, .

Lead City University, Ibadan, .

Madonna University, Okija

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Nigerian-Turkish Nile University, Abuja, .

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Obong University, Obong Ntak, .

Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu, .

Pan-African University, Lagos, .

Paul University, Awka, .

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Veritas University, .

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Wesley University of Sc. & Tech, Ondo, .

Western Delta University, Oghara

List of all the Federal Polytechnics

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force, .

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    Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana, .

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering, .

     Auchi Polytechnic .

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    Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti .

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Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, .

    Federal Polytechnic, Bida, .

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   Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu, .

     Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State, .

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     Federal Polytechnic, Ile-Oluji, Ondo State, .

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  Federal Polytechnic, Nekede, .

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Federal Polytechnic, Offa, .

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 Federal Polytechnic, Oko, .

Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy, .

Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, .

Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic, .

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering, .

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, .

Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi, .

Yaba College of Tech, .

List of State Polytechnics in Nigeria

 Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo, .

Abia State Polytechnic, .

Adamawa State Polytechnic, .

Akwa-Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot-Osurua, .

Benue State Poly, Ugbokolo, .

Gateway Polytechnic, Igbesa, .

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, .

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, .

The Polytechnic, Ibadan, .

Institute of Mgt. and Tech, .

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo, .

Kano State Polytechnic, .

Kogi State Polytechnic, Lokoja, .

Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin, .

Lagos State Poly, Ikorodu, .

Moshood Abiola Poly, .

Nasarawa State Polytechnic, .

Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, .

Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku, .

Osun State Poly, Iree, .

Osun State Poly, Iree, .

Osun State College of Tech, Esa-Oke, .

Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro, .

Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin-Ladi, .

Adamawa State Poly, .

Rivers State College of Arts and Science, .

Rivers State College of Arts and Science, .

Rivers State Polytechnic, .

Gateway Polytechnic Saapade, .

Edo State Inst. of Tech and Mgt, Usen, .

Niger State Poly, Zungeru, Niger State, .

List of Private Polytechnics in Nigeria

Allover Central Polytechnic, .

Crown Polytechnics, .

Covenant Polytechnic, .

Dorben Polytechnic, Bwari-Garam Road, .

Fidei Polytechnic, Gboko, .

Grace Polytechnic, .

Grace Polytechnic, .

Igbajo Polytechnic, .

The Polytechnic, Ile-Ife, NITEL Road, .

Lagos City Poly, Ikeja, Lagos State, .

Light House Polytechnic, Eubuobanosa, .

Interlink Polytechnic, .

Kings Polytechnic, Ubiaja, .

RONIK Polytechnic, .

Shaka Polytechnic, Polytechnic, Benin city, .

Temple-Gate Polytechnic, .

Wolex Polytechnic, .

Prime Polytechnic, .

The Polytechnic Imesi-Ile, Osun, .

Heritage Polytechnic, Ikot Udota, .

Ibadan City Polytechnic, .

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