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The research project is titled “the impact of collective Bargaining as an effective tool for solving industrial dispute in Hamdala Hotel Kaduna”. The main objective among others is to headlight the benefit to be derived from effective collective bargaining toward organizational development. The scene method, using the questionnaire with linkert scale option was adopted in order to ensure that all the respondents were served similar question.


In there chapter one of this paper writing which is the background of the study reveals that conflict and disputes whether in the form of open hostility or quite dissemination becomes inevitably issues that every organization must strive to curtail and the main objective of the study is to highlight the benefits to be derived from effective collective bargaining towards organizational development.


It also revealed in this paper of the chapter two that the literature review is to ensure adequate review of necessary materials on the option, and suggestions, views and discoveries of various authors, and it is mentioned in the chapter three that research design is used in collection of data for this study. The researcher is employed the use of survey research design in order to study large and small populations.


The researcher also explained in chapter on how the method used by the researcher to gather the data which the researcher now intends to present analyze. From the findings of this discussion, that collective bargaining is an important tool resolving industrial conflict.              






1.1     Background of the study                                                         1

1.2     Historical background of Hamdala Hotel Plc Kaduna       3

1.3     Statement of the General Problem                                       4

1.4     Objective of the study                                                             5

1.5     Significance of the study                                                         5

1.6     Statement of hypothesis                                                         6

1.7     Scope of the study                                                                    6

1.8     Limitation of the study                                                           7

1.9     Definition of terms                                                                  7


2.0     Introduction                                                                              9

2.1     Review of related literature                                                   9

2.2     What is collective bargaining                                                 10

2.3     Condition for effective collective bargaining                       12

2.4     Preparing for collective bargaining process                         16

2.5     The importance of collective bargaining in the public sector in Nigeria                                                                                       21

2.6     Purpose of collective bargaining in the public sector in Nigeria                                                                                          22

2.7     Labour management relations during economic recession   24

2.8     Grievance and industrial conflicts                                        27

2.9     Industrial conflicts                                                                   29

2.10   Resolution of industrial conflicts                                          30

2.11   Critiques to Collective Bargaining                                        32

2.12   Summary of review                                                                  33


3.1     Introduction                                                                              35

3.2     Research design                                                                       35

3.3     Area of study                                                                            35

3.4     Population of the study                                                           36

3.5     Sample size                                                                               36

3.6     Instrument for data collection                                               36

3.7     Reliability of the instrument                                                 37

3.8     Validity of the Instrument                                                     38

3.9     Method of data Collection                                                      38

3.10   Method of Data Analysis                                                        39


4.1     Introduction                                                                              41

4.2     Characteristics of the respondents                                       41

4.3     Presentation of Data Analysis                                               43

4.4     Discussion of Findings                                                            48

4.5     Summary of findings                                                               49


5.1     Summary                                                                                   51

5.2     Conclusion                                                                                52

5.3     Recommendation                                                                     53

Biography                                                                                  54

Appendix                                                                                   56






Organizational viability is the capacity of the organization to continue to service and develop in this era of business complexities which result from continuous and rapid changes within the social system, conflicts and dispute, whether in the form of open hostility or quite dissemination becomes inevitable issues that every organization must strive to curtail this pertinent because dispute or conflicts are usually a threat to organizational viability if not adequately managed or handled even though conflicts between persons or management and employees could be thought of as natural events Nakodi A. (2001) posited that organization should be very much aware that such conflicts could cause distrust and industrial crises or disharmony in the long run.



Conflicts or disputes among management and employees (labour) can lead to one or both parties having their feelings hurt, thus leading to issue that can inherently affect the smooth running of the organization in which they work or manage. On the other hand conflicts or disputes can serve to enhance the effectiveness of an organization since it can safely be assumed that conflicts although ever present in a social system, may not always be as destructive as they are portrayed, the central question among a lot of scholar human resources managers and of course employers of labour is how to, in their own varying capacity and abilities effectively and efficiently manage conflicts and its resolution to ensure that their organization benefit rather than suffer from occasional labour management clashes.


Admittedly, organizational conflicts does erupt in organization because of the inability of employer and this or her employees to work together in peace. This may be as a result of ineffective communication, non exclusion in decisions that affects employees, or lack of adequate or good working conditions or incentives and non existence of unions that employees can channel their grievance through, thus collective bargaining as a tool allows the parties.

The two parties to meet regularly so as to identify the dissonance that exist between them amicable so as to prevent industrial dispute or conflicts.




Hamdala Hotel is one of the oldest, if not the oldest in the Northern part of Nigeria. This hotel was established and officially opened for business on the 14th of January 1961 by the then premier of the Northern region in person of late Sir Ahmadu Bello (the Sardauna of Sokoto). Hamdala Hotel was then established to serve as a hub of tourism by providing an up to date hospitality business in Kaduna neighbouring towns and cities. The hotel which is presently owned by the New Nigeria Development Company (NNDC), a company owned by the nineteen northern state. It is also managed by Arewa Hotel Limited a subsidiary company of the NNDC.


This 49 years old organization is a 203 rooms hotel that comprises of single suite luxury suites, presidential suite, etc it also has a state of art facilities that makes it a force to reckon with and thus a choice of tourist whenever you are to be in Kaduna for visit or business. The hotel is strategically located within the central business district of Kaduna metropolis. It lies between Murtala Mohammed Square, Kaduna Gold Course Club and the State Ministry of Culture and Tourism, facilities such as very high capacity banquet hall, restaurant, Olympic size swimming pools, craft shops, bode shops etc and all found within the hotels massive compound.


Staffing / staff strength

Hamdala Hotel has a general manager and other managers there are 25 middle management staff as well as 500 intermediate and junior or members.



The research work is carried out to look into the problem that leads to collective bargaining concept in Hamdala Hotel. Conflict occurs as a result of one-party not respecting the right of another party. In most cases the welfare of employees are not properly taken care of by the management. To forestall a breakdown




This article highlights various college of education, polytechnics, universities website in Nigeria.


Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Federal College of Educ. Abeokuta,

Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu,

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Federal College of Education, Pankshin,

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Federal College of Education, Zaria,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi,

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State college of education

College of Education, Agbor,

Akwa-Ibom State College of Education, Afaha-Nsit,

College of Education, Akwanga, ., form and admissions list

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Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu,

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Enugu State College of Education (Tech.) Enugu,

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Michael Otedola College of Primary Education, Moforiji,

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Private college of education in Nigeria

Angel Crown College of Education, Gidan-Daya, .

Elder Oyama Memorial College of Education, Ofat-Adun,

Assanusiyah College of Education, Odeomu,

African Thinkers Community of inquiry College of Education,

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Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, .

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ONIT College of Education, Abagana, .

The African Church College of Education, Lagos,

St. Augustine College of Education, Yaba,

Yewa Central College of Education, Ogun,

List of Federal Universities in Nigeria

Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University,

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,

Bayero University, Kano,

Federal University, Gashua,

Federal University of Tech, Akure,

Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun,

Federal University of Technology, Minna,

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Federal University, Otuoke,

Federal University, Wukari,

Federal University, Birnin Kebbi,

Federal University, Gusau

Michael Okpara Univeristy of Agric, Umudike, .

Modibbo Adama University of Tech, Yola, .

National Open University of Nigeria,

Nigeria Police Academy Wudil, .

Nigeria defense Academy, Kaduna, .

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka,

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, .

University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, .

University of Agriculture Abeokuta,

University of Agriculture Markurdi,

University of Benin,

University of Calabar,

University of Lagos,

University of Maiduguri,

University of Nigeria Nsukka,

University of Port-Harcourt

University of Uyo, .

Usmanu Danfodiyo University,

List of State Universities in Nigeria admission list

Abia State University, Uturu,

Adamawa State University, Mubi,

Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba,

Amrose Alli University, Ikot Akpaden,

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli,

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Bauchi State Unibversity, Gadau,

Benue State University Markurdi,

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Delta State University Abraka,

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Ekiti State University,

Enugu State University of Sc. & Tech. Enugu,

Gombe State University, Gombe

Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University,

Ignatius Ajuru University of Education,

Imo state University,Owerri,

Jigawa State University,

Kaduna State University, Kaduna

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Kogi State University, Anyigba,.

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Niger Delta University, Yenagoe,

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Osun State University, Oshogbo,

Plateau State University, Bokkos,

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Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-ode,

Taraba State University, Jalingo,

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University,

Private Universities

Achievers University, Owo,

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Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti,

African University of Sc. & Tech, Abuja,

Al-hikmah University, Ilorin,

Ajayi Crowther University, Ibadan,

Al-Qalam University, Katsina,

American University of Nigeria, Yola, .

Babcock University, Ilishan,

Baze University,

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Benson Idahosa University, Benin,

Bingham University, New Karu,

Bowen University, Iwo,

Caleb University, Lagos, .

Caritas University, Enugu,

CETEP City University, Lagos,

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Crawford University, Igbesa,

Crescent University,

Elizade University, Ilara-mokin, .

Fountain University, Oshogbo,

Gregory University, Uturu,

Hallmark University,

Igbinedion University, Okada

Joseph Ayo Babalola University,Ikeji,

Kwararafa University, Wukari,

Lead City University, Ibadan,

Madonna University, Okija

Mcpherson University, Seriki

Nigerian-Turkish Nile University, Abuja,

Novena University, Ogume,

Obong University, Obong Ntak, .

Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu,

Pan-African University, Lagos,

Paul University, Awka,

Redeemer’s University, Mowe,

Renaissance University, Enugu,

Salem University, Lokoja,]

Tansian University, Umunya, .

University of Mkar

Veritas University, .

Wellspring University, Edo, .

Wesley University of Sc. & Tech, Ondo,

Western Delta University, Oghara

List of all the Federal Polytechnics in Nigeria

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

     Auchi Polytechnic .

     Auchi Polytechnic .

    Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti

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Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, .

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     Federal Polytechnic, Ile-Oluji, Ondo State,

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   Federal Polytechnic, Nassarawa,

  Federal Polytechnic, Nekede,

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Federal Polytechnic, Offa,

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 Federal Polytechnic, Oko,

Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy,

Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna,

Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology

Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi,

Yaba College of Tech,

List of State Polytechnics in Nigeria

 Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo,

Abia State Polytechnic, .

Adamawa State Polytechnic,

Akwa-Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot-Osurua,

Benue State Poly, Ugbokolo,

Gateway Polytechnic, Igbesa,

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,

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The Polytechnic, Ibadan, .

Institute of Mgt. and Tech,

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo

Kano State Polytechnic,

Kogi State Polytechnic, Lokoja,

Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin,

Lagos State Poly, Ikorodu,

Moshood Abiola Poly,

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Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku,

Osun State Poly, Iree,

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Osun State College of Tech, Esa-Oke,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro,

Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin-Ladi,

Adamawa State Poly,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science

Rivers State Polytechnic,

Gateway Polytechnic Saapade

Edo State Inst. of Tech and Mgt, Usen,

Niger State Poly, Zungeru, Niger State,

List of Private Polytechnics in Nigeria

Allover Central Polytechnic,

Crown Polytechnics,

Covenant Polytechnic,

Dorben Polytechnic, Bwari-Garam Road,

Fidei Polytechnic, Gboko,

Grace Polytechnic,

Grace Polytechnic,

Igbajo Polytechnic,

The Polytechnic, Ile-Ife, NITEL Road

Lagos City Poly, Ikeja, Lagos State,

Light House Polytechnic, Eubuobanosa,

Interlink Polytechnic,

Kings Polytechnic, Ubiaja,

RONIK Polytechnic,

Shaka Polytechnic, Polytechnic, Benin city,

Temple-Gate Polytechnic,

Wolex Polytechnic

Prime Polytechnic

The Polytechnic Imesi-Ile, Osun

Heritage Polytechnic, Ikot Udota

Ibadan City Polytechnic

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