TAXATION AS AN INSTRUMENT OF FISCAL POLICY IN NIGERIA
COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 2500.
- Objective of the study
- Significance of the study
- Statement of problem
- Scope and limitation of the study
- Definition of terms
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Definition / forms of taxes
2.2 The tax system
2.3 Principles / characteristics of a good tax system
2.4 Development of Nigeria tax system
2.5 The role of taxation in the Nation’s development
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Study area
3.2 Sources of data (Primary and Secondary Sources)
3.3 Method of investigation
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data presentation
4.3 Testing of hypothesis
SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.1 Summary of findings
This research is proposed to investigate taxation as a fiscal policy tool – on its use in solving economic problem such as inflation reduction, harmonization of policies on tax as it relates to government policies and conflict in objectives, inequality, multiple tax problem etc.
This work is a critical look at the existing forms of taxes in the county. It also looked at the Nigeria tax system in terms of tax policy; tax laws and finally taxes administration. It talked about principles / characteristics of a good tax system and of course, the role of taxation in the Nation’s development.
Questionnaires were administered on the relevant population sample. Also they were interviewed and data collected, analyzed and interpreted. Chi – square was used in analyzing the data collected. The collected data were tabulated according to their relevance to the hypothesis.
It was discovered that some level of stability has been achieved by way of reduction in inflation.
Also, the production sits for have received considerable amount of encouragement through various incentives given in order to encourage production activity. It was also discovered that provision of tax system on resource allocation, increase in disposable income, has not been sufficient.
In all, it was concluded that the Nigeria tax system is fairly adequate.
The economy of any county regardless of its structure is normally regulated by certain policies developed by the government of such a country. Among these policies there are economic policies, social policies etc.
However, the economic policies are more fundamental in that it serves as a foundation for the success of other policies of the government. The constituent elements of these economic policies need to be manipulated, and most of them simultaneously for the desired result. One of the essential arms of economic policies, the fiscal policy, is related to government tax and expenditure. In another way around form, Baumel, W.J. and Blinder A.S., (1979) in the book “Economic principles and policy” defines fiscal policy as governments plan for spending and taxation. It serves as a means of planning, controlling and co-ordinating the tempo of activities in the economy.
Taxation is one of the courses of action of fiscal policy. According to Olanifan I.F. (1994) it is the compulsory transfer of resources from the private sector to the public of the economy of the nation. The direction of taxes is seen in its potential effects on the determinants of growth. This is done by way of;
- Altering the determinants of economic development e.g. capital formation, technological change, factor supplies etc.
- Permitting the financing of government activities or government financed privated investment without the undesirable effects of other methods of financing. It could also be seen in its potential effects upon the rate of growth such as the level of governmental expenditure: on the branch of stability; on resources allocation; also on distribution of income and wealth.
This important aspect of the fiscal policy has been a major sources of revenue generation in Nigeria roughly this around the turn of this century. Apart from serving this important purpose, it has also been a major policy instrument that the government has consistently used in planning, controlling and co-ordinating the various economic activities of the country gear towards economic growth.
The tax system being a principal fiscal tool, when effectively executed, is capable of helping the nation out of the state of economic recession which is the main problem of distributing the standard of living of individuals in the country.
Therefore, it is the main objective of this study to take critical examination and evaluation of the tax system as all instruments of fiscal policy. And after the analysis, the researcher is deemed to suggest welling planning solution as to the pervading problems of this tax system.
- OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The aim of this research work is to examine how the use of taxation as a fiscal instrument in Nigeria has affected the nation’s socio-economic life. These objectives are as follows:
- Identification of taxation as to how it is used in income and wealth redistribution, solving the problem of inequalities.
It also sets out to establishing raw taxation