Category Archives: Quantity Surveying Project Topics and materials preview

THE REVIEW OF CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF PUBLIC PROCUREMENT ACT 2007 IN THE EXECUTION OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

THE REVIEW OF CHALLENGES AND PROSPECT OF PUBLIC PROCUREMENT ACT 2007 IN THE EXECUTION OF CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

 

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST #3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

In the public procurement system in Nigeria has over the years been abused leading to cost inflation, delay in project delivery, poor quality of work, and project abandonment. The aim of this study is to examine the impact of the due process policy on construction projects delivery in Nigeria. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire distributed to 52 random selections of constructing, consulting and public organizations operating in Lagos Nigeria. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics. The result shows that due process policy has a very positive impact in Niger’s procurement terrain. Adherence to due process proceedings had highest impact on cost savings, prequalification of contractors and detailed project design, quality of project delivery, and project duration. The study serve as a feedback to the construction stakeholders in Nigeria and contains useable information for optimizing the existing due process mechanism to enhance not only probity, accountability, transparency and competition in public contract awards, but also the policy’s resultant effects on quality of executed projects, delivery-on-budget and time considerations.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction …………………………………………………………………1

1.1     Background to the study …………………………………………………….1

1.2     Statement of problem ………………………………………………….……3

1.3     Research question

1.4     Purpose of study …………………………………………………………….4

1.5     Significance of the study ……………………………………………………5

1.6     Scope of the study …………………………………………………..………6

1.7     Definition of terms …………………………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Review of Related Literature ………………………………………………8

2.1     The concept of cash flow

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0   Research methodology

3.1   Research design

3.2   Description of population

3.3   Method of data collection

3.4   Sample  size

3.5   instrument for Data collection

3.6   Validation of the instrument

3.7   Distribution and Retrieva

3.8   Method of Data analysis

CHAPTER  FOUR

Presentation of data and Analysis

CHAPTER 5

5.0   Discussion of findings, conclusion and

5.1   Summary of findings

5.2   Conclusion

5.3   Recommendation

5.4   Limitation of the study

5.5   Suggestion for further research

References

Appendix

Questionnaire

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

BRIEF HISTORY OF THE STUDY

Project success is basically to gain the research on public procurement act in the execution project Shash(1993) explains that a  construction company can either negotiate with the client or use a competitive tendering process to obtain a contract. F.U. and Drew (2002) suggest that competitive tendering is the most common method use for contractor selection.

In competitive tendering process, a client selects a numbers of constructor to tender or not tender. The contractor need to submit an estimated cost to execute the project at hand, if they intend to tender. The client would select the contractor who submitted the best cost for executing the project (Shash 1993, P. 111). Therefore the decision to tender is the first step that contractors need to consider. The are various factors that need to be considered by the contractor in order to make a decision to tender. The decision is highly related to the specific project and macro environment. It is hard to make a decision in a limited time by the management team. The decision generally is made on the basic experience, intuition and guesses. (Egemen and Mohamed 2007, therefore are many researchers that have discovered the factors that affect the tender / no tender process unfortunately, there has not been any similar research project global economic recession, construction related activities are decreased significantly.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE STUDY

        The statement of the study are the research design and procurement effect of tendering is a huge challenge in Act for most contractors who seek government contracts in Nigeria. A study conducted by Obuji (2003) in some West African countries, including Nigeria, revealed that some small scale contractor are not favoured during a tendering process by prospective client because, they neglect various factor that affect the success and failures of submitting a tender for a contract. Some contractors do not structure and draft their tenders in an appropriate manner, hence their chance of being contacted is reduced. Construction industry has complexity in its nature because it contains large number of parties as client contractor, consultants, stakeholders, shareholder, regulators and others contraction project in Nigeria suffer from many problem and complex issues in performance because of many reasons and factor. This project is very important to identify and to evaluate the main factor affecting, contractors tenders in construction project in Nigeria. The practices concerning with tenders such as time, cost, project owner satisfaction and safety checklists will be analyzed in order to know the main practical problem of contractors who do not win tenders as well practical solution. In help enhance of our indigenous contractors in Imo State in wining federal government and foreign contract.

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTION

1      What are the procurement effect project in Nigeria

  1. What are the challenges Act affect Nigeria when submition of project.
  2. What are the factors that affect contractors tender for construction project.

 

 

1.4   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

        The aim of this research is to analyzed and assess the local factors that account for the success or failure of tenders submitted by contractors when applying for a construction project in Imo State. The aim of this research can be broken down into the following objectives.

  1. To assess the factor that affect contractors tenders for construction project.
  2. To identify the challenges faced by contractors when applying for contracts in Nigeria.

1.5   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

        This research will help contactors become aware of what the factor which need to be considered when they intend to submit tenders for different projects. This research will also provide the information that could be used by any contractor to create a competitive bidding strategy.

This study will also give a dear insight into the various ways in which profit and efficiency from contracts and contracting can be increased and how the challenges facing contract tendering can be properly tackled. The study also give a clear insight into the various factors affecting tenders and their effects on contractor efficiency and chance of winning a contact in Nigeria.

The findings and recommendations of the researcher will help in building a strong and better contract policy and tendering guideline for contractors especially small scale contractors in Imo State other construction companies in Nigeria.

1.6   SCOPE OF STUDY

        This research focuses mainly on the assessment of the factors that affect tender for construction project, using construction companies and private contractors in Imo State as case study. Results and recommendations may not be used to generalize other construction companies or contractors in other parts of Nigeria as the researcher could not cover a wider scoped due to financial and time constraints. Based on the finding of this study other possible researchable areas may include studies on the various effect of other aspects of contracts such as contract laws in Nigeria and contract management and control.

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The only limitation faced by the researcher in the course of carrying out this study was the delay in getting data from the various respondents.

Most respondents were reluctant in filling questionnaires administered to them due to their busy schedules and nature of their work. The research found it difficult to collect responses form the various respondent and this almost harmper3ed the success of this study.

1.7   DEFINITION OF KEY OR APPLICABLE TERMS

  1. Tender: According to Simmons (2002) a tender to an offer (usually by a contract or a vendor) to take a job or supply goods.

ii      Contract: Erikson (2002) defined contract as an agreement that creates on obligation binding upon the parties thereto

the essentials of a contract are as follows:

1)     Mutual assent:

2)     A legal consideration which in most instances need not be pecuniary.

3)     Parties who have legal capacity to make a contract.

4)     Absence of proud or duress and

5)     A subject matter that is not illegal or against public policy.

iii     Contractor: According to Simmons (2002) a contractor referees to an organization or individual that contract with another organization or individual (the owner) for the construction of a building, road or their facility.

iv     Construction / projects: In the fields of architecture and civil engineering construction is a process that consists of the building or assembling of infrastructure for from being a single activity. Large scale construction is a feat of human multitasking. Normally the job is managed by a project manager and supervised by a construction manager, design execution of a project, effective planning is essential involved with the design and execution of the infrastructure in question must consider the environmental impact of the job. The successful scheduling, budgeting, constriction site safety, logistics, inconvenience to the public caused by construction delays and building etc Marshall (2001).

 

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF ABIA STATE

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study is focused on the “effect of population growth on land resources development”. A case study in Aba urban of Abia state. It is a comprehensive research on the course of population growth problems, and benefits of the growth on land development. There is no doubt that at present, there is link between development and population growth. However, the fact that the two opinion are related to each other in many cases, it is the main negative relationship between population and growth and the level of land development as said in the study is that programmes for controlling the rate of population growth should be encouraged. Therefore, it is common practices among countries to have a population census every ten years to know the number of people in that country such as males, females, age and occupational groups. The main point of this write-up is emphasizes on the physical components of environment because population growth has effected buildings, roads, landuse and development which makes up the urban areas.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                                    1

AIMS AND OBJECTIVE                                                                                         2

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY                                                                                4

ORGANIZATION  OF THE STUDY                                                                     4

CHAPTER TWO

THE STUDY AREA                                                                                                 6

CHAPTER THREE

DATA METHODOLOGY                                                                                       8

DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDING                                                                       8

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS                                             9

CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH                                                               10

THE EFFECT OF POPULATION                                                                          12

EFFECTS OF TRANSPORTATION                                                                      12

EFFECTS ON HOUSING AND ACCOMMODATION                          13

EFFECTS ON WATER AND ELECTRICITY                                                       14

EFFECTS ON THE IMPROVEMENT  ON    LAND                                          14

EFFECTS ON DEMAND FOR FOOD                                                                  15

EFFECTS ON  URBAN LAND USE                                                                      15

CHAPTER FOUR

THE CONCEPT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT                                                  17

POPULATION                                                                                                         18

EDUCATION                                                                                                            20

URBAN LAND USE CONTROL                                                                           20

HOUSING                                                                                                                 21

TRANSPORTATION                                                                                              22

RECREATION                                                                                                          22

CHAPTER FIVE

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION                                                   24

RECOMMENDATION                                                                                           24

CONCLUSION                                                                                                         27

REFERENCE            S                                                                                                          29

QUESTIONNAIRES                                                                                                31       

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The common problem facing most state in Nigeria today is how to improve the standard of living of the vast majority of their people.

Consequently, most state like Abia is involved in a variety of programmes designed to speed up the process of socio-economic and physical development. Development planners in different parts of Abia have realized in relent time that understanding of the population in the development process of Abia is important.

This is due to the fact that population has big impact on the economic, social and physical development of Abia state. It is therefore, certain that the population factor can do much to either promote or frustrate a state’s uppermost development objective.

This study on population impact on land development at this time the state population increased with inadequate economic and physical growth of the state that needs a study to fight against its contents future occurrence. Information has been shown that this state population has reached the four million and if measure are not taken quickly, the situation could lead to HUNGER, POVERTY, DISEASE, OVERCROWDING and can no longer be allowed in both the developed and undeveloped state. All these consequence of increasing in number of people will have a general effect on land development, the identified effects like overcrowding and poverty is what the study will aim at finding solution to its improvements.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES

  1. To find out the effect of population growth on land development in Aba.
  2. To identity the problems associated with the effect and ways of solving them in other to better the life of the growing population.
  3. To find ways of minimizing the population growth in Aba.
  4. In other to achieve the already state objective, the main facts and figures used in this study were gathered through personal efforts and various approaches were also adopted. This includes:

1        Field survey: In other to get some of the information already

stated, field survey method was adopted which covered areas like Obioma Ngwa, Osisioma Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa South, Aba South and Aba North.

  1. Information population census residence at Aba.
  2. Personal interviews were held with individual and government parastatals.
  3. Sources from Aba Local Government Authority.
  4. Reference to journal, Newspaper and books for relevant.
  5. Survey were conduced in several areas within the Estate Surveyors and valuers forms in Aba metropolis which help to compile and analysed to five the result presented in this study.

 

 

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is concerned with the causes and the general problems of population growth in Aba metropolis. The result will give the growth of population and its effect on land development. Based on the findings, recommendations will be laid out for development of the area.

Land is an ever-increasing demand for due to the increasing number of people based on these arguments that the physical, social and economic impacts of population growth are to be fully integrated. The research will give information on reason for increasing growth of people in the area and it’s impact on amenities.

ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

Effect of population growth land development is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the introduction discussion on the study area and its people. The second chapter high lights on the study area and difficulties.

The third chapter deals on the data analysis and findings, socio-economic, characteristic, physical development, effect of population growth and transportation, effect of housing and accommodation, effect on improvement on land and urban land use. Chapter four deals with population control, standard of living, education, urban land use, housing, transportation, recreation while lase chapter five deals on recommendation, conclusion, biography and questionnaires.

THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

Housing in most countries of the world is an important economic sector and the manner in which resource are mobilized for has a major effect on the economy. Despite the knowledge of the importance of housing, ownership or accessibility to decent houses and mobilization of resources remain a problem in Nigeria. This project examines the effect of mortgage institution in the provision of affordable and sustainable houses in Nigeria. The survey covers mortgage institutions, federal and state ministries and parastatals, stakeholders in the building industries and educational sector. To be able to evaluate the effect, questionnaires were administered with personal interview. A total of fifty (50) questionnaires were distributed randomly to those staffs. The percentage method and chi-square test were used in analyzed the data gathered. The results revealed that the effect f mortgage institutions in Nigeria is inadequate. This ineffectiveness can be traced to high rate of interest charged on properties, insufficient fund, low level of participation in the Natural Housing Fund and down payment. It is recommended that the rate charged on properties should be reduced, worker should be encouraged to register in the National Housing fund and he Government in collaboration with lending houses should develop a formular to remove various bottle neck connected with loans, especially the issue of collaterals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification ………………………………………………………………………………………..i

Dedication  ………………………………………………………………………………………..ii

Acknowledgement …………………………………………………………………………….iii

Table of contents ……………………………………………………………………………….iii

Abstract ……………………………………………………………………………………………iv

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction  ……………………………………………………………………………..1

  • Background of the study ……………………………………………………………1
  • Statement of problem …………………………………………………………………3
  • Aim and objectives ……………………………………………………………………3
  • Research Question ………………………………………………………………4
  • Significance of the study …………………………………………………………4
  • Scope of the study …………………………………………………………………….5
  • Limitation of the study …………………………………………………………….5
  • Definition of terms …………………………………………………………………6

CHAPTER TWO

  • Review of Related Literature…………………………………………………..7
  • Concept of mortgage ……………………………………………………………7
  • The Structure of the Nigeria mortgage Institution …….8
  • The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)……………….8
  • Historical background of mortgage Institutions in Nigeria……………..9
  • Concept of mortgage finance……………………………………………………..10
  • Mortgage Institution in Nigeria…………………………………………………..10
    • Insurance companies ………………………………………………………………..11
    • Specialist Institution …………………………………………………………………12

2.6.3  State/Municipal Government Financing ………………………………..12

2.6.4  The Federal Mortgage Bank Of Nigeria (Fmbn)……………………..13

2.6.5  Primary Mortgage Institution (PMI)………………………………………13

2.5.5  The Federal Mortgage Finance Limited (FMFL)…………………….14

2.6.7  National Housing Fund (NHF) …………………………………………..15

2.7     Mobilization Of Funds………………………………………………………….16

2.7.2  Mandatory Scheme …………….. ………………………………………………17

2.7.3  Government Budgetary Allocation And Financial Transfer ….18

2.8     Housing Finance In The Non-Formal Sectors ………………………..19

2.9     The Impact Of Mortgage Institutions In Nigeria…………….. …….20

2.9.1  Access to Long Term Loans For Housing Development ………21

2.9.2  Accessibility to Decent Houses…………….. ……………………………..21

2.9.3  fund mobilization to applicant …………….. ………………………………22

2.9.4  Reduction in the rate of abandoned projects ………………………..22

2.9.5  Reduction in the Rate Of Unemployment…………….. ……………..23

2.10   Problems of Mortgage Institutions In Nigeria ………………………23

2.10   Interest Rate and Loan Value (LTV) Ration …………. ……………..23

2.10.2         Level of Participation In The NIIF…………. ……………………………25

2.10.3         Macroeconomic Environment…………. …………………………………..25

CHAPTER THREE

  • Introduction …………. ………………………………………………………………..60
  • Research Area …………. …………………………………………………………….60
  • Population of the study…………. …………………………………………………60
  • Research design…………. ……………………………………………………………61
  • Sampling size and sampling procedures…………. ………………………….61
  • Method of data collection …………. …………………………………………….62
  • Sampling techniques…………. …………………………………………………….62
  • Instrumentation …………. …………………………………………………………..63
  • Method of data Analysis …………. ………………………………………………64

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Data presentation, Analysis and findings …………. ………………………..66

4.1     Presentation of data…………. ………………………………………………………66

4.2     data Analysis / Evaluation …………. …………………………………………….67

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary, conclusion and Recommendation

  • Summary of findings …………. ……………………………………………………74
  • Conclusion …………. …………………………………………………………………75
  • Recommendation …………. ………………………………………………………..76
  • Area of further study…………. …………………………………………………….77

References…………. …………………………………………………………………..79

Appendix …………. ……………………………………………………………………83

Questionnaires …………. …………………………………………………………….84

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

Housing provides more than shelter for man because it encompasses all social services and utilities that are needed for a livable environment in order for any community to be worth living in housing accepted in man’s hierarchy of need to be next to food.

Odetundun (1995) affirmed that housing in most countries of he world was an important economic sector and the manner in which resources were mobilized for housing had a major effect on the economy. Fundamental to the provision of adequate housing in qualitative terms is the availability of housing finance. According to Olutuah (2001) housing quality in Nigeria is indeed poor; this can be glanced form he high rate of urbanization in the country which he described as social economically handicapped urbanization. The high rate of urbanization resulting form rural urban migration and high rate of population increase is without corresponding commensuration in the rate of economic development, social change and technological advancement. Urban poverty is thus concomitant of such development which finds ready expression in a high incidence of housing poverty.

As Muoghalu (1987) observed, housing poverty is determined by the mobility to afford standard housing thus, the provision of adequate housing is hinged on the accessibility of housing finance. In Nigeria, the problems of housing are enormous and complex but the private sector had contributed immensely to its provision in the country. Onibokun (1990) opined that the private sector provides a preponderate proportion of residential building in the country. The rapid rate of urbanization, high rate of inflation and instable economy have given to increase in cost of housing which is often beyond the capacity of the medium / low income groups.

As parts of the efforts in addressing housing problems in Nigeria, government has institute mortgage institutions to provide low cost housing loans that are accessible even to low income earners.

1.2     STATEMNT OF THE PROBLEM

The basic problem of mortgage institutions could be viewed from the following

  • Increase in capital requirement
  • High interest rate
  • Management adequacies.

1.3     AIM AND OBJECTIVES OF HE STUDY

The aim of the study is to access the effect of mortgage institutions in the provision of affordable and sustainable houses in Nigeria.

The objectives of this study are:

  • To identify the various functional / operational mortgage institution in Nigeria.
  • To identify and evaluate the effect of mortgage institutions in the provision of affordable and sustainable housing in Nigeria.
  • To identify the hindrances facing mortgage institutions in Nigeria

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. i) Does mortgage institutions helps in provision of affordable and sustainable houses in Nigeria?
  2. ii) Does mortgage institutions contribute in financing construction industry?

iii)     Does mortgage institutions helps in carrying out housing estate in Nigeria. ?

1.5     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study was carried out with participant in the housing sector especially developers in mind that they will find this work useful to reduce difficulties involves in obtaining finance for housing development. Researchers would also find this work relevant as a reference literature in carrying out their research work.

Finally, that Nigerians will also be of immersed benefit in the sense that they will be able to know how finance can be sourced for housing development.

1.6     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study covers the major effect of mortgage institutions in the provision of affordable and sustainable houses in Nigeria. And also it plays the role to provide low cost housing loans that are accessible even to the low income earners.

However, during the progress of this work, some other relevant mortgage institutions were mentioned.

1.7     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

During this study, a great limitation were experienced in obtaining suitable materials on this study, because of the reluctance of owners of these materials and some cases their staff to create time to search for them and give out. In some cases, they were too busy to give the necessary help due to their harmonious engagement.

Some respondents need constant remainders by the researcher before they could complete the questionnaires and this consumer extra cost of transportation and time while some were returned unfilled and this caused the researcher starting all over again to look for other respondents to fill and answer them.

1.5     DEFINITION OF TERMS

According to dictionary.com

  • Effect: Is a change that is a result or consequence of an action or other cause.
  • Mortgage: This a legal agreement by which similar organization lends money to secure a house etc, and also pay the money back over a particular number of years.
  • Affordability: Sufficient money or time to be able to buy or do something.
  • Sustainability: This is based on a simple principle: Every thing that we need for survival and well-being depends either directly or indirectly or our material environment.
  • Housing; These are houses, flats/apartment, etc that people lives in, especially when referring to their type, price or condition.

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading THE ROLE OF NIGERIAN STOCK EXCHANGE IN INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT

THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR’S ROLES IN COST ASSESSMENT AND REHABILIATION OF ABANDONED PROJECT

THE QUANTITY SURVEYOR’S ROLES IN COST ASSESSMENT AND REHABILIATION OF ABANDONED PROJECT

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 2500 NAIRA OR $10

. A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED BELOW COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 24 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

ABSTRACT

The quantity surveyor’s role on cost assessment and rehabilitation in Awaking of Abandoned Project. One of the major factors against the growth and development of Nigeria economy and its construction industry is the issue of cost assessment and rehabilitation of abandoned project. Abandoned has eaten so deep into the Nigeria  construction industry. An abandoned building represents the loss of a commercial on residential resources, the state of leaving a building permanently uncompleted and if the needs of abandoned buildings are not addressed immediately, time takes a further tool on the structures, making returning the property to use an increasing expensive and difficult ventures. Rehabilitation in the building industry simply means to bring back to normal life after imprisonment. Wastage of the utilized manpower, lost of  plant and equipment  by the contractor and experience employee, lowering of living standard and disappointment of the government. Cost assessment means the ability of the quantity surveying to evaluate the value, importance or quality of a particular project it can also be defined as the scope of the Quantity Survey involvement during the pre-contract and post contract stage of a project, such as in term valuation, rehabilitation simply means bringing the building back to normal stage where it can be of usefulness to the economy. It is used in assessing of abandoned project and also feasibility study. Cost assessment and rehabilitation in construction projects undermines the delivery of infrastructure services. This research is based on the role the Q.s play in abandonment and rehabilitation of project in Nigeria construction industry. Awaken – to stop abandoning of project to stir up the habit of completing the project. In carrying out this research questionnaires were distributed to professionals like the Q.S, Architect and builders etc as the primary source of data. A detailed on site condition evaluation and survey of the building was taken were office and site was visited. Why should Q.S be involved in documentation and monitoring of project. From analysis of finding result shows. Causes of construction project abandonment and rehabilitation and inadequate planning, dispute, inadequate fund, wrong estimate, client and contractor bankruptcy and so on in agreement with Essenwa (2004) and Adedeji (1998). Conclusion as a developing economy couple with oil boom and the civil war both government and the non-governmental agency has in the time past rush into large construction project without much consideration of the cost and importance of this projects. I was able to discus the causes, effects and treated some abandoned project and suggested solutions as to this problem of pack of cost assessment and rehabilitation of abandon construction projects.

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   introduction

1.1   Background of the study

1.2   Statement of the problem

1.3   research questions

1.4   research hypothesis

1.5   aims and objective

1.6   significance of the study

1.7   Scope and limitation of the study

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0   Literature Review

2.1   Introduction

2.2   Accessibility Of On-Going  Project

2.3   Causes Of Abandonment

2.4   Effect Of Abandonment

2.5   Solution To Abandoned Project

2.6   The Duty Of Quantities Surveyor to Reduce     Abandonment and to Re-start Projects.

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0 Research Methodology

3.1 Method of Data Collection

3.2 Status

3.3 Limitation/Problem

3.4 Case Study

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0 Evaluation and Analysis of Finding

4.1 Experience and Observation of Research

4.2 Analysis of Finding from Case Study

4.3 Observation

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0  Conclusion

5.1 Recommendation

Reference

Letter of Request for Interview

 

 

 

 


 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Longman Dictionary defines ‘abandon’ as to stop doing something because there are too many problems and it is impossible to continue.

Planning is foremost thing to  be done if projects are to be completely executed (Akindoyeni, 1989). Corroborating, coorbmiting, Ogunsemi (1991) the successful completion of a project depends on adequate planning which also includes financial planning. The sight of abandoned projects scattered across the length and breadth of Nigeria is alarming. Abandoned projects including building, civil engineering and heavy engineering development project like: houses, churches, schools, roads, bridges, dams, tunnels, air port, sea port e.t.c. litter the whole Nigeria.

The Nigeria construction industry continues to occupy an important position in the nation’s economy even through it contributes less than the manufacturing or other service industries. The contribution of the construction industry to national economic growth necessitates improved efficiency in the industry by means of cost effectiveness and timelines and would certainly contribute to cost savings for the country as a whole.

A major criticism facing the Nigeria construction industry is growing rate of abandoned of project delivery.

The construction industry plays a very dominant role in the economy of any nation. A healthy economy usually experience an increase in construction activities, but in a depressed economy. The incidence of project abandoned tends to be more prevalent. This applies to Nigeria where construction investments account for over 50% of the gross fixed capital formation.

Akindoyeni (1989) quantitatively reasoned that some of the causes of project abandonment in Nigeria are: deaths of client, inability of client to attract fund and lack of good planning. This study is set up to quantitatively determine other causes of abandoned project and their effects on the construction industry economy.

This will help to proffer solutions that will drastically reduce abandonment of projects in Nigeria.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

One thing is to spend money to start construction works. It is another thing to conclude the construction successfully. An unconcluded work  that is abandoned project is a waste to both the promoter and to the society. It takes money to commence and even to re-commence on abandonment. This work therefore is an effort to work as the Quantity Surveyors’ work at the beginning and re-starting an abandoned project.

Some of the major problems which this research work is targeting or aiming at solving are listed below. Because of

  1. Wrong initial estimate
  2. Civil commotion
  • Dispute
  1. Too many variation
  2. Determination of contract
  3. Client going bankrupt
  • Contractor going bankrupt.

1.3 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  • Why should the Q.S be involved in documentation and monitoring of project?
  • What does the Q.S access during project packaging and delivery?
  • What does the Q.S do in awaiting of abandoned project?
  • What roles do the Q.S play in rehabilitation and awaiting of abandonment of project?
  • What are the causes of project abandonment on Nigeria?

 

1.4 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

The Quantity Surveyors  early role helps in no small way in protecting project abandonments.

Ha: the Q.S roles do not help in preventing abandoned projects.

Ho: Quantity Surveyors are very important in re-awakening an abandoned project.

Ha: Quantity surveyors  are not needed in re-awakening an abandoned project.

 

1.5    AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aim of this study are paramount centered on the roles the Quantity Surveyor plays on cost assessment and rehabilitation on order to reduce it to it’s barest and lowest level or scarp it out entirely.

  • Quantity Surveyors early role to reduce projects abandonment
  • Quantity Surveyors roles in awakening abandoned projects.

 

1.6 IMPORTANCE OR SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research work is very important, if it is adequately and properly implemented, it will about;

  • Reduction in the rate of project abandonment.
  • It will ensure speedy and proper implementation of projects.
  • The value of money can also be achieved without sacrificing quality for money.
  • It will help the Q.S in assessing and monitoring of project.
  • It will help the Q.S to necessitate and uphold spending of fund within the scale of budget i.e (cost target).

Finally, researchers will also find this work relevant is a reference literature in carrying out and expanding similar research work.

 

1.7 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The areas of investigation for the effective conduct of this research work were, the Federal Ministries, government parastatal, private enterprise and other government agencies, which undertake any form of construction works.

The scope of this project is to find out the processes of giving out contracts, the processes of payment of contract sum, methods of selecting contractors. For a projects and how are contracts monitored to avoid abandonment of project. In order to do this, a lot of places were visited and enormous impediment was encountered.

The work was limited in scope for the following reasons, financial constraints, there was need for transport, purchase of materials, printing of questionnaire e.t.c. Another militating factor, which acted against the conduct of the research work, was time factor.

The conduct of this research work was timed, the duration required for the conduct and ensuring in-depth  research was not enough in the process of combining this with academic engagement really pose a threat to my studies.

 

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

COST ASSESSMENT:- This can be defined as the ability of the Quantity Surveyor to evaluate the value, importance or quality of a particular   project and known the cost of such project and also to know how much it will take to complete a project.

It is also the scope of the Quantity Surveyor involvement during the pre-contract and post contract stage of a project, such as the preparation of interim valuation, the preparation and agreement of final account and the management of project cost through out.

REHABILITATION:- It can be defined as the process of bringing back to normal life after imprisonment, this definition is according to the oxford Dictionary. While in the building industry, it simply means brining the building back to normal stage where it can be of usefulness to the economy.

ABANDONMENT – Abandonment can be defined as the loss of a commercial or residential resource, the state of leaving a building permanently uncompleted. Abandonment also means to leave a particular project abandoned or uncompleted such as Roads, Dams, Tunnels, Buildings, Rail, Electricity, Pipe borne water and so on.

AWAKEN – According to the oxford dictionary, it defines awaken to stop sleeping, stir up a feeling. While in the building industry it means to stop abandoning project, to stir up the habit of completing project.

DISPUTE: – Dispute can be defined as an argument or a disagreement between two people, groups or two parties. In the building or construction industry it means an argument between two parties. Which can be between the client and the contractor, client the project manager, contractor and the building team (like Architect, Engineer & Q.S).

DELAY: Can be defined as a situation when the contractor and the project owner jointly or severally contribute to the non-completion of

ARBITRATION AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION (AS TOOLS FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY)

ARBITRATION AND OTHER ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION

(AS TOOLS FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY)

 

COMPLETE MATERIAL COST 5000.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE!!!

ABSTRACT

 

The word dispute resolution is a term that refer to several different methods or ways of resolving disputes “Arbitration and other alternative dispute resolutions can be defined as all forms of alternative disputes resolution (ADR) is a legal techniques for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, where the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons the arbitrary tribunal by whose decision the award they agree to be bond it is a settlement techniques in which a third party reviews the case and imposes a decision that is legally bonding both sides in construction industries.

My aim of writing on this topic is to emphasis on the strategies and critical conditions by which alternative disputes resolutions should be used in any dispute that might arise in construction firms, the research moved further to illustrate that with the growth of building industry all over the world, disputes cannot be easily settled and subsequently becomes the subject of claims by one party to the contract against the other.

Data were collected using well structured questionnaires administered to two professionals from Trans Ekulu Enugu metropolis.

The study background of the topic expressively revealed that arbitration is more preferable to all other alternative disputes resolutions. The paper concluded that all alternative disputes resolution are necessities for achieving a successful disputes settlement and reconciliation of both parties involved.

Keyword;  Arbitration, construction industry, Adjudication, mind trial, mediation, negotiation, motivation, litigation.

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction 1
    • Aims and Objective of the study 9
    • Scope and Limitation of the Study 10
    • Methodology 10
    • Research Question 11
    • Research Hypothesis 11
    • Significance of the Study 12

 

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

  • LITERATURE REVIEW 13
    • Dispute in the construction industry 14
    • The importance of arbitrations and other alternative

dispute resolution (OADRS) in construction  industry 15

  • Persons who may be parties to arbitrators 21
  • Reference to number of arbitrator 22
  • Arbitrations differentiated with valuation 25
  • Arbitration practices in Nigeria construction industry 26
  • How matters can be referred to arbitration 33
  • Requirement of an arbitration 34
  • Appointment of an arbitration and umpire 35
  • Arbitrators conduct 36
  • Essential valid of arbitrator 37
  • Removal of arbitration 38
  • The pleading 40
  • Discovery 42
  • The hearing 43
  • Stating a case 48
  • The award 49
  • Cost of arbitration 52

CHAPTER THREE

  • RESEARCH METHOD 54
    • Method and source of data collection 54
    • Method of investigation 56
    • Description of respondents 57
    • Method of data analysis 57
    • Analysis and presentation 58

 

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Data collection and their interpretation 59

4.1   Questions, results and interpretation                      64

 

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion 69

5.1   Recommendation                                                     71

 

Bibliography                                                            72

Appendices                                                              74

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

ARBITRATION AND OTHER ADRS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLVEMENT AS TOOLS FOR DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

 

DEFINITION

Alternative dispute resolution is a term that refer to several different methods or ways of resolving disputes between not less than two parties for determination, after hearing both sides in a judicial manner by a person or persons other than  a court of competent jurisdiction.

Here, mediation, conciliation mitigation and arbitration are commonly used in different areas of construction works rather than litigation, due to long time it takes the too much expense and other factors.

Mostly preferable, arbitration is common practice that is being adopted in Nigeria construction industry, so it is the reference of a disputes or difference between not less than two persons for determination, after hearing both sides in a judicial manner by a person or persons like other alternatives disputes resolution except litigation.

A person or persons to whom a reference to arbitration is made is known as an arbitrator or arbitrators, as the case may be. This or their decision is called AWARD. One or more arbitrators may be constituted into an arbitrary tribunal. The decision of such tribunals is called award also. If it is provided that in the dispute is to be resolved by a third party / person. Such person is called UMPIRE the decision of the umpire is also called AWARD.

Arbitrators is an alternative to litigation likewise all other alternative disputes resolution OADRs, conciliation, mediation and mitigation etc which are much used for settling disputes which involves technical or commercial elements. The essence of arbitration is that disputes are determined by a tribunal of parties choosing the right to arbitrate and powers between third parties involved. An arbitration agreement is often to be found as one of the clauses of a standard form of contract e.g. article five (5) f the JCT form. If these clauses are inserted into the contract conditions, it means that the parties agree to submit specified future of disputes to arbitration.

There may be an agreement to arbitrate made after the dispute has arisen. Either types of agreement provided that it is in writing is governed by the arbitration act of 1950. This provides that the arbitrators authority is irrevocably except through the court and that the arbitrators award is final and binding unless the parties otherwise.

The act provides that a reference in arbitration is deemed to be made to a single arbitrator unless the contrary is expressed. It is unnecessary for arbitrators to be in the arbitration agreement. Written agreement usually provide for the arbitrator to the agreed by the parties or to be appointed by a specific persons or body. The JCT form provides for appointment of the RIBA where the parties cannot agree and their is no mechanism for the appointment, the court has the power then to appoint an arbitrator.

Arbitrator is of big importance to the construction company for the proceeding are outsider the arbitral process is expedition and co-operations of the parties may be less expensive than court action.

The arbitrator award is final and binding on the disputants unlike a judgment in the court which can be challenged on appeal, there are very few grounds on which a party can apply to the high court to have an arbitrator’s award set aside and these grounds almost invariably relate to acts of misconduct by that arbitrators and not to the wealth or power of one of the parties.

The expert witnesses have role to play in arbitration. The expert witnesses are persons usually unconnected with the case but who are invited to give their professional opinion on the matters in issue leg as to whether certain materials are deflective. He differs from an ordinary witness for the fact that while the a=ordinary witness would be paid his expenses only, the expert witness is paid a proper fee for his work.

In enforcement of awards and payments of interest an arbitrator award does not in itself compel the loosing part to comply with the terms. The aids of the court must be involve and this may be done in the following ways:

 

  1. Under section 26 of the arbitration act, the award may be the leave of the high court, be enforced as a judgment for the purpose of obtaining leave, an originating summons is issued by the high court.
  2. If the award is for sum of money, the claimant may seek to enter summary judgment for the amount awarded. The arbitrator payment of cost and interest are the two final maters, which must be dealt with by an award. As costs the arbitrators should adhere to the principles of the court (I.e.) the successful party should have his costs unless there are proper reasons for not so awarding.

 

An award which deprives the successful party of costs without reason may be remitted by court. As to interest, the arbitrator has an implied power to induce this in his award. He should normally do so. Interest being awarded at a realistic rate from the date the money ought originally to have been paid i.e. for the period the successful party has been deprived of the sum awarded.

What is alternative dispute resolution? OADR as it is commonly called this is a legal techniques for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, where the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons (the arbitral tribunal) by whose decision (the award) they agree to be bond, this also comprises arbitration, mediation, conciliation, negotiation and mitigation.

The courts are backlogged with waits often measured in the years. People with disputes to settle want to do so quickly and then get on with their lives. ADR can in must cases be the answers to dilemma.

Construction industries business contracts and man status now contain requirements that disputes arising be settled using ADR

 

WHY WE USE ADR?

Some of the benefits of using ADR are as follows:

  • Can be completed quickly
  • Scheduled to suit the parties
  • Generally less costly than proceeding through court of trial (Litigation)
  • Confidentially – ADR settlement are private matter between the parties and there is not public record.
  • ADR is generally voluntary except where it is required by contract or by statue.
  • It is a rare for ADR settlement to be appealed to the court.

 

MEDIATION (THE PARTIES DECIDE)

This is a dispute resolution process in which the parties choose t participate and any agreement reached to settlement of dispute is done solely by the parties without interference.

The mediation is selected by the parties and once selected the mediator will arrange the mediation processes.

The mediator makes no decision instead he/she acts as a facilitator only to assist the parties to understand the dispute, provide structural discussion and to help the parties reach a dispute settlement agreement.

If the parties cannot reach a settlement agreement, they are free to pursue other options. The parties generally decide in advance how they will contribute to the const of the mediation is a very important form of ADR particularly if the parties wish to preserve their relationship.

 

CONCILIATION

It is a frequently used of ADR and can be described as similar to mediation. The conciliators role is to guide the parties to a settlement

The parties must decide in advance whether they will be bound by the conciliators recommendation for settlement. The parties generally share equally in the cost of the conciliation.

Conciliation is used in labour disputed before arbitration and may also take place in several areas of the law. A court of conciliation is one that suggests the manner in which two opposing parties may avoid trial by proposing mutually acceptable terms. In the past some states have had bureau of conciliation for se in contract / construction proceedings.

 

The federal government has established the federal mediation and conciliation services, an independent department devoted to settling labour disputes by conciliation and mediation or settlement of disputes through the interest variation of neutral party.

 

1.1   AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objective of this work is to bring basically tto the knowledge of practitioners in construction industry, the importance of resolving disputes in arbitrail manner. Also, adjudication, mitigation and litigation manner in Nigeria construction industries. It is also for the parties in construction contract to know that arbitration is more advantgageous (common. Easy to proceed and cheaper) in some things disputed than any other alternatives disputes resolution method. Though some others are still similar to arbitration.

 

 

 

  • SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

As a result of redundancy of many company director and consultants to give useful information that would have helped in this research. The researcher had to limit the scope of this work finding how many stakeholders in construction industry who know about arbitrator, conciliation and mediation and how many of them they use in preference to litigation. Other interesting factors are availability of funds and time.

I therefore will dully accept that there are other areas on this subject that more researchers can be carried out on.

 

  • METHODOLOGY

The method used in researching is multiples data gathering method or techniques. The questionnaire and interview were used as the primary data and gathering instrument. The major research instrument was the questionnaire. It was used to provide a health and wealthy knowledge and information in situation where only experimental method can provide meaningful answer.

 

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

In order to make this research work real, we have to introduce some of the questions.

  1. What is the need for adequate information in arbitration for dispute resolution in the construction industry?
  2. Can professional experience be used for arbitration in disputes in construction industry?

RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Ho:   Arbitration and disputes resolution has no need for adequate information for disputes resolution in construction industry

Ho:   Arbitration and disputes resolution has need for adequate information for disputes resolution in construction industry

Ho;   Arbitration and disputes resolution in construction industry does not require a professional experience.

Hi;    Arbitration and disputes resolution in construction industry require a professional experience.

 

 

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This research work on Arbitration and other alternative disputes resolution in construction industry will be very much important to the quantity surveyor role in the construction industry and to the student.

  1. To the quantity surveyor role: for one to appreciate the role of quantity surveyor in the arbitrator practice in Nigeria building and civil engineering contracts, it would be necessary to first understand the professional skill required of him in the construction industry general.

To the student and general public: some of those who want to acquire knowledge of arbitration  and other alternative disputes resolution in the construction industry is equally