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EFFECTIVE WAYS OF CONTROLLING EROSION IN A BUILDING SITE IN SELECTED SITES

EFFECTIVE WAYS OF CONTROLLING EROSION IN A BUILDING SITE IN SELECTED SITES

IN EKWULOBIA ANAMBRA STATE

 

 

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0     INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The development of soil erosion began when man settled down and started turning pasture land into farmland. The intensive exploitation of the land disturbed the natural soil vegetative cover and exposed its, surface to the effect of erosive agents and to introduce such forms of agriculture that did not destroy the land the devastation of land by erosion often led to the down fall of civilization e.g in Mesopotamia Syria, China and else where.

According to Robert. M. (1984), Erosion is manifested by the determination of soil surface effected by exogenous forces, especially water. Ice wind and, man as the significant anthropogenic factor. The disturbance of soil surface is accompanied by the removal of the detached soil particles by the force of kinetic energy of some of the erosion agents, namely water and wind and the deposition of this matter with a decrease in this energy. Erosion is caused by surface num off and result complex natural process. Water erosion is caused by precipitation. Areas with a low precipitation usually have a small surface num off because precipitation water infiltrates into the soil is consumed by vegetation erosion which may also be broadly cause by a natural factor organ.

It can also be carried by improper channeling neglect of natural sewage systems and obstruction of naturally sewage by buildings. Form land and other unplanned structure causes a great deal of damage.

Although the nature of soil within the area under consideration is mostly sandy with a very low water storage capabilities. Practical observation orchestrated form visit to those site prone to erosion have shown that their may be possibility of erosion if the nun off water is not properly channel e.g the nature of the soil. In sandy soil they can form a very good soil material but danger exist if the water table is near or surface nun off is not adequately channeled. The sandy easily eroded a way from it position their by causing or may lead to fully erosion.

Furthermore, erosion is seen as one of the most serious defects in contemporary residential buildings, it is observed here that apart form it causing rapid destruction of structure / buildings, it also result to severe damage to the soil and in severe case it adversely affect the health of the occupants.

1.2     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

A certain condition or factor can make a soil or structure / building to loose their Sharpe effectively or ineffectively attain their maximum structural physical and economic life span. It has been seen that a number of fact observed to be responsible for the in-adequate or in-appropriate functioning channeling of sewage surface nun off water at the due time. These in turn expose the building site to the danger of erosion which accelerate their dilapidation. Among the factors or improper channeling / neglect of natural sewage system and obstruction of natural sewage by building without following the local authorities rules dropping of refuse in the drainage ways. Erosion plays a critical role in dilapidation of building and visible in construction industry as one of the most serious defect in contemporary residential buildings. All soils can suffer erosion but some are more vulnerable than others. Soils with dispersible subsoils, for example, are subject to serious erosion by funneling and gully formation.

 

1.3     RESEARCH AIMS AND OBJECTIVE

The major purpose of this study is to determine. The effective way of controlling erosion in a construction site prone to erosion problem.

1)      Identity the various causes of erosion in building sites.

2)      Examine the appropriate materials and (new and old) used in controlling the erosion.

3)      Determine the most appropriate materials and techniques required for the controlling it.

4)      To recommend measure if implemented will lead to effective control of erosion in a construction

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The study sought to answer the following research questions

1)      What are nature and various causes of erosion in building sites

2)      What are the process to be applied in erosion control.

3)     What are the  various types of materials to be used in controlling erosion

4)      If implemented will lead to effective control of erosion in an erosion prone site

1.5    SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study shall include the follow:

1)      Contractors and engineers shall know how to control erosion in an erosion prone site.

2)      The engineers and the general public will because more aware on the importance of erosion control in a site.

3)      Lecturers, students consultants and other stakeholders in the construction industry will be theoretically & technically equipped on how to control erosion in an erosion prone construction site.

1.6     STUDY OF AREA

This study was delimited to the problem of erosion in a site prone to erosion. It focused on the type and magnitude of erosion at site in Anambra state and also looked at the specific remedial techniques to that building site will function effectively and efficiently. Attempt should be made to look into laboratory experimentation of the material used for effective control of erosion in building site prone to erosion. Ekwulobia erosion is gully erosion-gully erosion is of concern due to periodically intense rainfall and a large average of erodible soils. Effective design of gully control system must consider the gully network as a whole and be based on geomorphologic indicators such as type of network, order and stage of development.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

According to Grolie (1990). Erosion is the wearing away of the earth surface by the action of water.

According to Milos Holy (1987). Building is permanent or temporary structure enclosed within exterior walls and a roof and including all attached apparatus. Equipment and fixtures that cannot be removed without cutting into ceiling floors or walls. In the year 1960 Bernard Huss define soil as the top layer of the earths surface in which plants an grow consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with decayed organic matter and having the capability of retaining water.

 

 

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EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

EFFECT OF POPULATION GROWTH ON LAND RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT

A CASE STUDY IN ABA URBAN OF ABIA STATE

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study is focused on the “effect of population growth on land resources development”. A case study in Aba urban of Abia state. It is a comprehensive research on the course of population growth problems, and benefits of the growth on land development. There is no doubt that at present, there is link between development and population growth. However, the fact that the two opinion are related to each other in many cases, it is the main negative relationship between population and growth and the level of land development as said in the study is that programmes for controlling the rate of population growth should be encouraged. Therefore, it is common practices among countries to have a population census every ten years to know the number of people in that country such as males, females, age and occupational groups. The main point of this write-up is emphasizes on the physical components of environment because population growth has effected buildings, roads, landuse and development which makes up the urban areas.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION                                                                                                    1

AIMS AND OBJECTIVE                                                                                         2

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY                                                                                4

ORGANIZATION  OF THE STUDY                                                                     4

CHAPTER TWO

THE STUDY AREA                                                                                                 6

CHAPTER THREE

DATA METHODOLOGY                                                                                       8

DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDING                                                                       8

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS                                             9

CAUSES OF POPULATION GROWTH                                                               10

THE EFFECT OF POPULATION                                                                          12

EFFECTS OF TRANSPORTATION                                                                      12

EFFECTS ON HOUSING AND ACCOMMODATION                          13

EFFECTS ON WATER AND ELECTRICITY                                                       14

EFFECTS ON THE IMPROVEMENT  ON    LAND                                          14

EFFECTS ON DEMAND FOR FOOD                                                                  15

EFFECTS ON  URBAN LAND USE                                                                      15

CHAPTER FOUR

THE CONCEPT OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT                                                  17

POPULATION                                                                                                         18

EDUCATION                                                                                                            20

URBAN LAND USE CONTROL                                                                           20

HOUSING                                                                                                                 21

TRANSPORTATION                                                                                              22

RECREATION                                                                                                          22

CHAPTER FIVE

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION                                                   24

RECOMMENDATION                                                                                           24

CONCLUSION                                                                                                         27

REFERENCE            S                                                                                                          29

QUESTIONNAIRES                                                                                                31       

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

The common problem facing most state in Nigeria today is how to improve the standard of living of the vast majority of their people.

Consequently, most state like Abia is involved in a variety of programmes designed to speed up the process of socio-economic and physical development. Development planners in different parts of Abia have realized in relent time that understanding of the population in the development process of Abia is important.

This is due to the fact that population has big impact on the economic, social and physical development of Abia state. It is therefore, certain that the population factor can do much to either promote or frustrate a state’s uppermost development objective.

This study on population impact on land development at this time the state population increased with inadequate economic and physical growth of the state that needs a study to fight against its contents future occurrence. Information has been shown that this state population has reached the four million and if measure are not taken quickly, the situation could lead to HUNGER, POVERTY, DISEASE, OVERCROWDING and can no longer be allowed in both the developed and undeveloped state. All these consequence of increasing in number of people will have a general effect on land development, the identified effects like overcrowding and poverty is what the study will aim at finding solution to its improvements.

AIM AND OBJECTIVES

  1. To find out the effect of population growth on land development in Aba.
  2. To identity the problems associated with the effect and ways of solving them in other to better the life of the growing population.
  3. To find ways of minimizing the population growth in Aba.
  4. In other to achieve the already state objective, the main facts and figures used in this study were gathered through personal efforts and various approaches were also adopted. This includes:

1        Field survey: In other to get some of the information already

stated, field survey method was adopted which covered areas like Obioma Ngwa, Osisioma Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa, Isiala Ngwa South, Aba South and Aba North.

  1. Information population census residence at Aba.
  2. Personal interviews were held with individual and government parastatals.
  3. Sources from Aba Local Government Authority.
  4. Reference to journal, Newspaper and books for relevant.
  5. Survey were conduced in several areas within the Estate Surveyors and valuers forms in Aba metropolis which help to compile and analysed to five the result presented in this study.

 

 

THE SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is concerned with the causes and the general problems of population growth in Aba metropolis. The result will give the growth of population and its effect on land development. Based on the findings, recommendations will be laid out for development of the area.

Land is an ever-increasing demand for due to the increasing number of people based on these arguments that the physical, social and economic impacts of population growth are to be fully integrated. The research will give information on reason for increasing growth of people in the area and it’s impact on amenities.

ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

Effect of population growth land development is divided into five chapters. The first chapter deals with the introduction discussion on the study area and its people. The second chapter high lights on the study area and difficulties.

The third chapter deals on the data analysis and findings, socio-economic, characteristic, physical development, effect of population growth and transportation, effect of housing and accommodation, effect on improvement on land and urban land use. Chapter four deals with population control, standard of living, education, urban land use, housing, transportation, recreation while lase chapter five deals on recommendation, conclusion, biography and questionnaires.

Building Technology Project Topics And Materials For Students In Nigeria

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1 ANALYSIS OF CONVENTIONAL PROCUREMENT STRATEGIES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

2     THE ROLE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES IN MINIMIZING BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA

3     USE OF BUILDER’S PLANT IN CONTRACT EXECUTION BY INDIGENOUS     CONTRACTORS IN NIGERIA (PROBLEMS AND REMEDY IN THE USE OF BUILDER’S PLANT IN ENUGU STATE)

4. STUDENT INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME (SIWES)

5. ANALYSIS OF DETRACTING FACTORS AFFECTING CONSTRUCTION COSTS IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE.

6. DURABILITY OF SOME FLOOR FINISHES IN BUILDING PROJECTS

7. AN APPRAISAL OF THE COST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE DELIVERY OF CAPITAL PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

8. EFFECTIVE SAFETY AND HEALTH PLANNING ON CONSTRUCTION SITES IN ONITSHA AND AWKA OF ANAMBRA STATE

9. LATE AND NON PAYMENT ISSUES IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY-CONTRACTORS’ PERSPECTIVE IN ENUGU STATE

10. MATERIALS MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES ON PORTHARCOURT CONSTRUCTION SITES.

11. ANALYSIS OF DETRACTING FACTORS AFFECTING CONSTRUCTION COSTS IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE.

12. AN APPRAISAL OF INMATES’ REHABILITATION FACILITIES IN KADUNA AND ZARIA PRISONS

 

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Building Technology Project Topics And Materials For Students

Building Technology Project Topics And Materials For Students

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Building Technology Project Topics And Materials For Students

 

1 ANALYSIS OF CONVENTIONAL PROCUREMENT STRATEGIES AND THEIR APPLICATION IN NIGERIA CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY

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2     THE ROLE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTHORITIES IN MINIMIZING BUILDING COLLAPSE IN NIGERIA

3     USE OF BUILDER’S PLANT IN CONTRACT EXECUTION BY INDIGENOUS     CONTRACTORS IN NIGERIA (PROBLEMS AND REMEDY IN THE USE OF BUILDER’S PLANT IN ENUGU STATE)

4. STUDENT INDUSTRIAL WORK EXPERIENCE SCHEME (SIWES)

5. ANALYSIS OF DETRACTING FACTORS AFFECTING CONSTRUCTION COSTS IN ENUGU, ENUGU STATE.

6. DURABILITY OF SOME FLOOR FINISHES IN BUILDING PROJECTS

7. AN APPRAISAL OF THE COST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN THE DELIVERY OF CAPITAL PROJECTS IN NIGERIA

Continue reading Building Technology Project Topics And Materials For Students