Category Archives: Business Administration Project MaterialS topics preview

Business Administration Project MaterialS topics preview,Why students embark on business administration project topics and materials in Nigeria? , how to research Business Administration Project Topics and Materials in Nigeria

NAIRA EXCHANGE RATE DEPRECIATION AND DOMESTIC INFLATION IN NIGERIA

NAIRA EXCHANGE RATE DEPRECIATION AND DOMESTIC INFLATION IN NIGERIA

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST #3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

                               

ABSTRACT

The research work critically examined the extent to which naira exchange rate depreciation had affected domestic inflationary rate in Nigeria between 1985 – 2000. Therefore, in this study, the researcher examined the trend of inflation and exchange and the relationship between the two variables.   A model was specified to show the relationship between both variables.  Also interest rate was included in the model as one of the variables that affect inflation.The model was then estimated using multiple regression method and variable statistical tests where carried out on the regression equation. The result was analyzed accordingly. Moreover, the result of the statistical test shows that exchange rate depreciation of Naira is significant in explaining variation in the rate of inflation.

Finally, the data for the project work was collected from most recent years in order to make finding, adequate in explaining the cause of inflation in recent times.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page                                                                                          ii

Approval page                                                                                  iii

Dedication                                                                                         iv

Certification                                                                                                v

Acknowledgement                                                                                      vi

Abstract                                                                                            vii

Table of contents                                                                              viii

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                                1

1.1            Background to the study                                                                   1

1.2            Statement of problem                                                              3

1.3            Significance of study                                                               5

1.4            Objective of the study                                                             5

1.5            Research hypothesis                                                                6

1.6            Scope of study                                                                        7

1.7            Definition of terms                                                                            7

Reference                                                                                 8

CHAPTER TWO                                     

Literature review                                                                               9

2.1            The concept of exchange rate                                                  9

2.2            Exchange rate management in Nigeria                                     19

2.3            Inflation – a concept                                                                28

2.4            Theories of inflation                                                                32

2.5            Inflation in Nigeria                                                                  37

2.6            Exchange rate depreciation and inflation in Nigeria                          41

2.7            Empirical evidence                                                                  43

Reference                                                                                 46

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology                                                                      48

3.1            Method of data collection and analysis                                   48

3.2            Theoretical framework and model specification                      48

Reference                                                                                 53

CHAPTER FOUR      

Analysis of result                                                                    54

4.1            Presentation of result                                                              54

4.2            Analysis of result                                                                    55

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, conclusion and recommendation                                               57

5.1            Summary                                                                                 57

5.2            Conclusion                                                                              58

5.3            Recommendation                                                                     58

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

1.1            BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The naira exchange rate depreciation coupled with persist increase in the inflationary rate has been a major bane on economy of Nigeria.  To a layman inflation is a phenomena to embrace as his income increases daily without knowing the harmful side of such an increase.  Whether there is anything like depreciation or an improvement in the exchange or whether is income is nominal or real the layman do not know.

But this complementary problems so to say of naira exchange rate depreciation and inflation has been a thought of obesity in the hearts of Nigerians past and present governments and many patriotic Nigerians.

The pegging of, inflation in Nigeria can be said to be a direct result of the policies of the country’s governments to stimulate a fast rate of economic growth and development, since 1951 when the ministerial government was introduced between 1984 and 1986, the naira was quoted against dollar and pounds as the only intervening currencies which was in line with the International Monetary Fund (I.M.F) demand.  I.M.F had earlier complained that naira exchange rate was rising above the stipulated 2% limit.  The naira was then devalued at 1.000 4 US dollar.  The inflation rate in Nigeria was not serious problem before her independence.  But immediately after the civil war i.e. from 1970’s, the inflation rate in Nigeria took another dimension.  The value of naira as against dollar and pounds sterling started to deteriorate, in 1970, it was a naira to 1.400 dollar and 0.584 pounds sterling.  In 1971, it was 1.44 dollar and 0.582 pounds sterling to a naira.  In 1973, it was 1.519 dollar and 0.614 pounds sterling to a naira.  In 1974 it was 1.589 and 0.675 pounds sterling to naira which increased to 1.623 dollars and 0.734 pounds sterling in 1975 as a result of Udoji salary award of 1974 increased wage extensively.  Higher wages increased the purchasing power of consumers thus, leading to increase in their prices.

The introduction of Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP), and second-Tier Foreign Exchange (SFEM) in 1986 on one of government’s major policy packages, was aimed at making the over, valued naira exchange rate more realistic and responsive to market forces.  Regrettably, C. Anyanwu (1989) observed, the SAP/SEFEM was a disaster that was fast destroying the foundation of Nigeria economy.  There was consequent persistence of exchange rate depreciation of the naira (from 1.5691 naira to 1.0 dollar at the end of September 1986, 7.8950 naira to 1.0 dollar by mid February 1990).  Also by August 1998, the dollar was sold for 21.9960 naira at the Foreign Exchange Market (FEM) while at parallel market it was sold for 45 naira.  The value of naira continued to depreciate to the extent that the exchange rate was less than one dollar to a naira before 1990.  It was 0.119 US dollar to a naira in 1990.  This depreciated to 115.7 to a dollar by the 12 April, 2001 (CBN) 1994.  By 2003, it has risen N130 to the US dollar.

 

1.2            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The depreciation of naira persistently, has various inflationary effects on the economy of Nigeria.  The effects of this macro-economic problem can be highlighted in different stages.  In the first place, when a currency is depreciated, it is designed to reduced or discourage the excessive dependence on a particular foreign or some foreign commodities.

This will make domestic prices of such imports may be intermediate goods and as a result tends to push the cost of production of final goods up.

In another way, deteriorating exchange rate of naira could bring about inflation of increase in wage rate or demand, when the naira is devalued, the price of important raw materials increases domestic firms may be willing to increase production reduction on their competition as a result of like in prices of raw materials.

Consequently, the output of the firms will attract high prices, therefore for consumers to meet their provisions level of consumption or maintain their real income, calls for wages increase which according to Sotersten (1994) will worsen the whole situation.

Nigerians as one of the developing nations that heavily depend on imported inputs, implements and machinery, the cost of these are usually very high due to poor exchange rate of naira.

This will discourage potential investors, how investment will lead to reduced national product, which is an indicator of stagnancy or retrogression of the economy.

For this reason, Obasanjo (1999) noted that any thing could happen of regulatory authorities did not take steps to tidy up the situation, so the researcher wants to find out the problems and suggest ways of remedying the situation.

 

1.3            SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

For the purpose of this study, the researcher took a step further to determine the possible significances.

(i)                To give other researchers who which to write on this topic the process to follow

(ii)             To check the inflationary of deflationary gap

(iii)           To determine the cumulative impact of broad money growth and the sizeable devaluation of the naira

(iv)           To determine the fate of naira with other internal currencies.

(v)             To determine government policies.

1.4            OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The objectives of this study include the following

(i)                To identify the causes of inflation and exchange rate depreciation.

(ii)             Examine the extent to which naira exchange rate depreciation heed affected domestic inflationary rate in Nation.

(iii)           Assess the effectiveness of government earlier introduced policies.

(iv)           Give suggestion and recommendation on appropriate policies for the future.

 

1.5            RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

Since the research data was mainly from secondary sources, the hypothesis used will be in two forms to determine result.

The null hypothesis and the alternative hypothesis.  The null hypothesis (Ho) will be tested against the alternative hypothesis (Hi)

(a)     Ho:    There is no positive or significant relationship

between exchange rate depreciation and domestic inflation in Nigeria.

(b)     Hi:     There is significant or positive relationship between

exchange rate depreciation and domestic inflation in Nigeria.

1.6            SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study covers the period from 1985 to 2000.  It concentrates on the trend of exchange rate depreciation and inflation in Nigeria.  The study is limited to the period because of the problems associated with the availability and collection of secondary data needed for the research work due partly to the level of development of the Nigeria economy.

 

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

BUDGETING: A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO PROFIT PLANNING AND CONTROL

BUDGETING: A SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO PROFIT PLANNING AND CONTROL

(A CASE STUDY OF MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK NIGERIA LIMITED’ (MTN), ENUGU STATE)

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST #3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

PROPOSAL

          Budgeting – A systematic approach to profit planning and control is a work that will be centered on the use of budgeting a tool for planning and control in order to maximize profit using mobile Telecommunication Network Nigeria Limited (MTN) Enugu, as a case study.

This research will be carried out through series of oral interviews and distribution of questionnaires in the collection of data and relevant information to the employees of mobile telecommunication Network Nigeria Limited Enugu.  The data that will be collected, will be analyzed as well as interpreted by the research from the testing and proofing of hypothesis.  The researcher will also source information from secondary data which includes text books, magazines, journals etc.

The researcher will be faced with the following constraints:

–                     Insufficient money to distribute as much questionnaires as possible.

–                     Poor response from the employees because they will be afraid of losing their job

–                     Insufficient time

In order for the company to achieve their objectives, the researcher will recommend that there should be budgetary control so that workers will be aware of the objective of the organization and subordinates opinion considered in the preparation of the departmental or company’s budget estimate.  This will help in encouraging goal congruence.

 

ABSTRACT 

          Budgeting – A systematic approach to profit planning and control is a work centered on the use of budgeting as a tool for planning and control for profit maximization in a mobile telecommunication network Nigeria Limited Enugu as a case study.

The objective of the study is to show the importance of budgeting as a tool for systematic profit planning and control in the mobile telecommunication network Nigeria limited which has profit maximization as its principal objective.

The research is also aimed at identifying the steps adopted in the formulation of annual budget of MTN Nigeria.

Consequent upon this, the following hypothetical question were used for the study.

  1. Managers use budgeting as a systematic approach to profit planning and control in attaining the goals of the business.
  2. Decision making is performed in mobile telecommunication using budgeting
  3. Utilization of resources is achieved with the use of budget and budgetary control

Following the investigation and analysis of data, the following findings were made

  1. The organization uses budgeting in achieving the goals and objectives
  2. The main objective of the organization is profit maximization
  3. Efficiency and effectiveness of the organization is achieved through the use of budgeting.

From the findings, the conclusions were arrived that budgeting is very essential and indispensable tool for profit planning and control.  It helps management to be well structured in sustaining the growth and expansion of the organization.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction                                                                            1

1.1     Historical Development of the Firm                              4

1.2     Background of mobile Telecommunication                    5

Network Nigeria Limited/Present state of Affairs

1.3     Statement of problem                                                    8

1.4     Objective of the study                                                    8

1.5     Research Question                                                                   9

1.6     Research Hypothesis                                                     10

1.7     Scope and limitation                                                      10

1.8     Significance of the study                                                         11

1.9     Definition of terms                                                                  12

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.0     Literature review                                                            14

2.1     Introduction                                                                            14

2.2     Definition of budget                                                       15

2.3     Types of Budget                                                            17

2.4     The Budget period                                                                   20

2.5     Administration of the Annual Budget                                     21

2.6     Stages in the Budget process                                         24

2.7     Appraisal of fixed, flexible and other budget                          43

2.8     Planning function                                                           45

2.9     Controlling function                                                      46

2.10   Budgeting control                                                          50

2.11   Variance analysis                                                           51

2.12       Additional Tool for Budgeting and Budgetary

control: Zero Base Budgeting (ZBB)                                       57

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Research Design and methodology                                58

3.1     Research design                                                             58

3.2     sampling technique                                                        58

3.3     Sampling design and population size                                      58

3.4     Sources of data                                                              60

3.5     Interview questions                                                        60

3.6     Method of data analysis                                                60

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data                  63

4.1     Analysis of questionnaires returned                              63

4.2     Hypothesis testing and proofing                                             71

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Summary of findings recommendations and conclusion         77

5.1            Summary of findings                                                     77

5.2            Recommendations                                                                   79

5.3            Conclusion                                                                     80

Bibliography                                                                  81

Appendix                                                                       83

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0            INTRODUCTION

The growing complexity of the business environment and the ever increasing competition among firms in the modern time, make planning an invaluable tool for business success.  Successful management is no longer just a matter of flair, skill and determination, a conscious effort is needed to harness available resources towards the achievement of enterprise objectives.  Budgeting is one of the tools adopted by management for effective cost planning and control.

A budget is commonly understood  the forecast by a government, organization nor society of its expenditures and revenues for a specific period of time.  The  period covered  by a budget is usually a year known as financial year.  Budgeting is concerned with the utilization of financial resources to serve human needs.  Although a budget may be characterized by a series of goals with price tags attached.  It is mainly a mechanism for making choices among alternative expenditure.  When such are coordinated so as to achieve desired goals, the budget becomes a plan.  If there are specifications on how the goals are to be achieved, the budget becomes a psychological device to make administrators thin.  If however, the emphasis is placed on achieving the desired objective at the lowest possible cost, then the budget is an instrument for ensuring efficiency.

An enterprise which is effectively and efficiently managed produces good and rewarding result.  Management is efficient if it is able to accomplish the objectives with minimum efforts and costs.

Profit planning and control or budgeting is an integral part of management.  The financial manager has a particular interest in profits planning and control because he helps to regulate flows of funds which is his function.  The decision making process of management starts with planning.  ‘Planning is the design of a desired future and of effective ways of bringing it about.  In other words, planning involves the determination of the future course of action for accomplishing the objectives of the enterprise.  The basic purpose of planning is to provide guidelines for making decisions. It is a forward process to reducing uncertainty about the future.

Planning is a continuous process which would generally involve four fundamental steps.

  1. Establishing the objectives
  2. Determining the goals
  3. Developing strategies
  4. Formulating profits plans or budget.

Objectives are the statements of broad and long term desired state or position of the enterprise in the future. They are directional and motivational in nature and are generally the qualitative expressions of the desired future state.  For instance, the primary objective of an enterprise may be customers satisfaction, employee welfare, long-run- survival which depends upon the maximization of the long-run profit, that is wealth maximization.

Goals represent the operational specifications of the broad objective with time and quantity dimensions.  Goals are the quantified targets to be attained within a specific period e.g. long run profit maximization in order to increase the market value of the firm to shareholders is the broad objective of the firm.  But the goal for the next year may be to earn a 20% after tax profit on investment or a 5% profit on sales.

Strategies specify the ways of achieving the goal operationally.  For example, the strategies of a firm may include the use of retained earnings for expansion, keeping debt at a reasonable level, expanding sales through price reduction and aggressive advertisement.  Financial plans may take many forms, but any good plan must be related to the firm’s existing strength and weakness.  The strengths must understood, if they are to be used for proper advantage and the weakness must be recognized if corrective action is to be taken.

Finally, the formalization of objectives, goals and strategies for operational purposes is called the profit planning or budgeting.  It is called the profit plan or budget because it explicitly state the goals in terms of time expectations and expected financial results for each major segment of the entity.

 

1.1     HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THE FIRM

It is important at this point to review briefly the history of the company mobile telecommunication Network Nigeria Limited (MTN).  It was incorporated in Nigeria on November 8. 2000 as a private company.  It secured a license to operate digital (Global system for mobile telecommunications GSM) telephony on February 9 2001, from the Nigerian communications commission.  On May, 2001, MTN emerged as the first to make a call on its GSM network in the new dispensation. Thereafter, the company launched full commercial operations beginning with Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt in the company now provides coverage to 85 cities and well over 5,000 communities and villages, spanning every geo-political zone and 31 of Nigeria’s 36 states.

It is the first to erect a country wide microwave radio transmission backbone, offering unrivalled value for money evidenced by a loyal customer base attracted by MTN’s convenience, mobility, roaming on 30 international networks and economical Tarrifs.  MTN’s product and services are available at its friendship centres and a nationwide network of dealership, banks and convenience channels including entries, petrol stations and neighourhood stores.

 

1.2            BACKGROUND OF MOBILE ELECOMMUNICATION NETWORK NIGERIA LIMITED/PRESENT STATE OF AFFAIRS

The company through systematic planning and control represents several millions of Nara in investment.  The company as at May 31, 2004, had a total of 21 mobile switching centres and over 940 radio base stations across the country. Several more are in the process of being installed.  On January 20, 2003, MTN commissioned the first phase of its digital microwave transmission backbone, Y’ello Balm.  Constructed  at a cost of $120 million.  Y’elloBalm is Africa’s most extensive transmission infrastructure and has significantly helped to enhance call quality on MTN’s network.  Y’ello Balm spans 3,400 kilometers and traverses over 120 cities, villages and communities; while coverage has been extent to more than 90 major towns and a total of over 5,000 villages and communities across Nigeria.  The second phase of Ye’llo Balm is currently on going and will spand another 4,500 kilometers.

MTN subsists on the core brand values of leadership, integrity, innovation, relationships and a ‘can do’ attitude, a passionate optimistic focus on the future.  It prides itself on its ability to make the impossible possible – connecting people with friends, family and opportunities.  The ownership structure is currently as follows:  Mobile telephone Networks International Limited 76.44%

Nigerian partners                    20.56%

International finance corporation and infrastructure investment arm of the world bank                           3%

100%

TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE/COMEMRCIAL SERVICE AGREEMENT

          The company is technically supported by Nami Tech in south Africa who doe the prepaid voucher and supplier to MTN.

COMPAY’S CONTRIBUTION TO NIGERIA ECONOMY

          MTN currently employs more than 1,200 Nigerians.  In addition, more than 160 Nigerian companies are currently MTN distribution partners.  Of these, more htan 25 are banks, many of which have spun off subsidiary companies, many of the dealerships have branches nationwide and employ dozens of people.  Another 6,000 companies, including petrol statiosn, supermarkets and many others, serves as sub-dealerships.

Yet a great may other Nigerians earn a living as self-employed proprietors, recahrge card or mobile phone accessory vendors, many others operate the hundred of business centres scattred allover our cities.

VISION

–                     To improve telecommunications infrastructures and access throughout the countries in which we operate

–                     Quality service

–                     High profile distribution and accessibility of our services and products

–                     Setting up a good base for future expansion.

–                     Training and transferring skills to local staff.

–                     Becoming a good corporate citizen and becoming a major player in the Nigerian economy.

MISSION

–                     TO BE A CATALYST FOR Nigeira’s economic growth and development, helping to unleash Nigeira’s strong developmental potential not only through the provisionof world class communiations but also through innovative and impactful corporate social responsibility initiaties.

–                     We want the cals you make on our network to   be of the best quanlity in Nigeira

–                     We want our network to cover the broadest areas of Nigeira and athe continuous enhancing of convenience and value derived from using our network.

–                     Every call made shoukd  re-inforce your conviction that MTN is needed.

1.3            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

 

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN FINANCING SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA

THE ROLE OF COMMERCIAL BANKS IN FINANCING SMALL SCALE INDUSTRIES IN NIGERIA

(A CASE STUDY OF UNION BANK OF NIGERIA PLC).

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

 

ABSTRACT 

The topic of dissertation is The Role Of Commercial Banks In Financial Small Scale Industry In Nigeria. A case study of union bank of Nigeria plc. The  major objective of the study is to ascertain the extent to which union bank of Nigeria plc has helped to financial small scale industries.Instrument of data collection is questionnaires and research questions which formed the source of primary data, while materials from various published articles, textbooks, journals and newspaper formed the secondary data.

The method of analysis is the use of  tables, percentages and chi-square .

The major finding of the research is that union bank of Nigeria plc has helped to financial small scale industries period under review.

The recommendation based on the finding is that in order to reduce the risk in small scale industry lending, the central bank of Nigeria and the government can do more than they are doing currently scheme.

The study concluded that if the desired objective of using small scale industries as catalysts of development is to be achieved than the role of commercial banks should be mutually supportive.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUTION ANALYSIS

1.1     Background to the problem

1.2     Problem statement

1.3     Objectives of the study

1.4     Research questions

1.5     Research hypothesis

1.6     Scope of study

1.7     Limitations of the study

1.8     Definition of study

Reference

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Introduction

2.2     Meaning of small scale industry

2.3     Government policy

2.4     Support systems

2.5     Financing

2.6     Monetary policy development in favour of small scale industries

2.7     Benefits of small scale industry

2.8     Problems facing small scale industry

2.9.1  Financing the project

2.9.2  Technical knows how

2.9.3  Personnel, matters and general administration

2.10   Improving funding small scale industries

References

CHAPTER THREE:   

RESEARCH METHODOLGY

3.0     Introduction of the study

3.1     Research design

3.2     Area of study

3.3     Population of study

3.4     Sample size determination

3.5     Instrument for data collection

3.6     Validation of the instrument

3.7     Reliability of the instrument

3.8     Method of data collection

3.9     Data analytical techniques

 

CHAPTER FOUR:     

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

4.1     Presentation of data

4.2     Hypothesis testing

 

CHAPTER FIVE FINDINS:

CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

Bibliography

Appendices

 

 

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND TO PROBLEM

The successive development plans of Nigeria have laid emphasis on the attainment of self reliance.  The need for this national objective is because much is expected from individuals from the view point of providing employment opportunities self reliance in basic food and material production high per capital income, foreign exchange earnings and the production of industrial raw materials.

Okporobie (1989:10) observes that Nigeria small scale industries continued to decline despite the so called priority given to the sector

However, the discovery by the central bank  that this policy was not enough by it self led to the central bank request with effect from 1970/80 that all commercial bank must reserve a proportion of the minimum credit allocation to indigenous borrowers for small scale Nigeria enterprises.  The target prescribed in 1979 was ten percent (10%) which subsequently raised to sixteen percent (16%).

Even though available data showed that performance of commercial banks against this directive has been disappointing. The central bank intends to  spare no effort in ensuring that banks fully couple without compromising the smooth functioning of the nation banning system.

He observed also, that without the development of small scale industries in Nigeria, the nations quest for industrialization will certainly remain forever at stake. It is the opinion of the researcher that future development in our industrialization must address the basic issues of creating linkages without the economy to begin to produce real inputs to our manufacturing activities .

Priority attention must therefore be given to these industries for which domestic inputs could easily be produced.  This will bring about  agro-allied industries like food processing and other by-products.

The objective should be to maximize the value added in their processing and manufacturing as final goods immediately inputs.

Nzewi and Oze (1985:56) observed that empirical evidence indicates that strong producer incentives to small scale industrialists are necessary not also only to meet the food requirement but also to  provide growing input supplies and demand as a foundation for sustained industrial growth.

The present economic constraint may well turn out to be a blessing in disguise to our industrialization effect particularly for dynamic manufacturing sector.  For instance, the market determinate exchange rate through seeing with its result and high cost of imported inputs may serve as an impetus for industrialist to intensify their search for local substitutes.

Ekenyong and Nyong (1992) observed that small scale enterprises are regarded an organic part of a viable structure for the attainment meaningful economy development in developing economic like Nigeria.

They are significantly more cost effective in bringing about development than large enterprises because of the perceived linkage and multiplier effects which small scale enterprises have on the performance of the economy and economic growth in general.

 

Osayameh (1989) observes that the strength that make small scale enterprises more amendable for assistance areas as follows.

1.       Personal commitment of the proprietor whose life savings usually form the start up capital.

2.      Low initial capital out lay requirement

3.       Ease of entry and exit and prevalence of just minimal legal constraints

4.       Amenability to business advisory services because of their small size which makes than more responsive to improvement suggestions.

Olashore (1987) Observes that the four main sources of enterprises financing open to small scale industry in Nigeria are.

i.        Formal financial institutions such as commercial banks merchant banks, insurance companies and the development bank.

ii.       Informal financial landlords, credit and savings associations “esus” friends and relations personal savings and .

iii.      Other financial scheme, NERFUND NEXIM

in 2001, there was an introduction of small and medium industries equity investment scheme (SMIEIS) in which N359 million was set aside to date by banks under small medium industries equity investment scheme.

Through union bank small and medium scale enterprises (SMES) department, the bank has remain ed in fore front of SMES financing nations was extended to the SMES as at 31st March 2004.

Small scale industry is any industry not exceeding N750,000 including working capital  but excluding cost of land.

It is also defined by center for industrial research and development of Obafemi  Awolowo university Ile Ife as  those industries whose total assets in plant, equipment and working capital do not exceed N250,000 with not more than 50 employees.

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problem of credit to small scale industries may not necessarily be as a result of financing insufficiency but rather for some other reasons among which are.

i.        Insufficient preparation on the part of small scale entrepreneurs in their request for credit assistance.

ii.       Information gaps as to range of funding institutions and scope of services available in these institution

iii.      Moreover, servicing of small business accounts is relatively experience, risky and difficult to monitor with low turn over of account.

However, the parishioners in the sector small scale industry do not display competence in preparing justification for their project.  It is are to see most of them coming up with cash flow projections, projected balance sheets, among others.  They are based on personal rudimentary in formation and speculation.  At times when they seek the advice of consultants, the outcome that are made figures project based on assumptions which are most of their time unrealistic.

As a result such proposals are out rightly rejected by banks.

There are suitable when credit demands in this sector are not in compliance in this government monetary policy and credit guidelines which must be adhered to by banks.

The researcher identifies these problem and considers it necessary to carry our study on them.

 

1.3     OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The objectives of the study include:

a.       To ascertain the extent to which the union bank of Nigeria plc has helped to finance small scale industries.

b.       To identify the problems encountered by small scale industrialists in obtaining finance from union bank of Nigeria plc.

c.       To evaluate various measures introduced to boost industrial production and its financing and how this has affected realization of the set goals.

d.       To determine the causing changes in small scale industrial financing by union bank of Nigeria plc.

e.       To make suggestion and recommendations based on the data generated by the study.

 

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The critical appraisal to give answers to the following questions.

a.       To what extent has  union bank of Nigeria plc helped to finance small scale industries?

b.       What are the problems encountered by the small scale industrialists in obtaining finance from union bank if Nigeria plc?

c.       What are the various measures introduced to boost industrial production and its  financing and how this has affected the realization of the set goals?

d.       What are the causes of changes in small scale industrial financing by union bank of Nigeria plc?

e.       Does any linear relationship exist between lending to small scale industries and economic recovery and self reliance on the economy?

 

1.5     RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

a.       There is no linear relationship between lending to small scale industries and economic recovery and self-reliance of the economy.

b.       there is no relationship between union bank of Nigeria plc lending to small scale industries and the attitude of this customers

 

1.6     SCOPE OF STUDY

The scope of the study is the role of commercial banks in financing small scale industries in Nigeria. A case study of union bank of Nigeria plc.  It does not cover the role of commercial banks in financing medium and large scale industries.

 

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE COMPENSATION ON THE EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE

THE IMPACT OF EFFECTIVE COMPENSATION ON THE EMPLOYEES PERFORMANCE

(A CASE STUDY OF GENERAL COTTON MILL ONITSHA ANAMBRA STATE

 

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST #3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0    Introduction

  • Background of the study
  • Statement of problems
  • Purpose of the study
  • Significant of the study
  • Research questions
  • Scope of the study
  • Definitions of terms

CHAPTER  2

Literature review

2.1    Theoretical frame work

2.2    Conceptual frame work

2.3    Summary of literature reviews

 

CHAPTER 3

RESEARCH METHODOOGY

  • Research methodology
  • Design of the study
  • Area of the study
  • Population of the study
  • Sample of the study
  • Instrument for data collection
  • Validation of the instrument
  • Method of data analysis

 

CHAPTER 4

Data Presentation And Analysis Questionnaire Analysis For Workers

CHAPTER 5

Summary of Findings, Conclusion and Recommendations

  • Summary of findings
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendations
  • Limitations of the study
  • Suggestions or further research

References

Questionnaire

Appendix

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study examined the impact of effective compensation on the employees performance. Total compensation  is a concept which is not usually given attention in many organization. Compensation is mostly viewed as cash and therefore other aspects are neglected viewing compensation as a holistic system to manage for productivity is pertinent to organizational development. The researcher used questionnaire that is carefully designed and administered to the respondents for secondary data. Information were both gathered from libraries and other research units. All information gathered from both sources were later arranged and presented in textual and tabular form and also analysis using percentages. The major findings of the study are: Individual employees requires different motivational techniques in order to be motivated.  Incentive and fringe benefit are considered effective in improving performance. Employees are motivated to improve their performance when organization applies the integration the individual objectives with the corporate goal from the foregoing therefore, the researcher concluded that effective compensation has significant impact on workers performance. Major recommendations of the study are due to the rising cost of linking, employees should be compensated and encouraged. This should be through awards, business extra payment for overtime work etc. this will motivate them and result to a high productivity. Promotion should be on merit not by familiarity and relationship when promotion is by merit people are satisfied and happily murmuring and every one will work hard for their own promotion.

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

This academic work is based on the impact of effective compensation  on the employees performance in Onitsha Cotton Mill Limited, Anambra State, Nigeria apparently, there are different needed among employees that must be achieved through compensation  received. It is very pertinent that organizations should strive hard to effectively compensate their workers for motivational reasons which will help in the achievement of organizational goals and objectives.

The study falls within personnel management and personnel management according to Flippo 1986 is defined as the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the procurement, development, compensation, integration, maintenance and separation of human resources at the end tht individual organizational and societal objectives are accomplished.

It can also be defined as money received for the work performance plus other kinds of benefits and services that the organizations provide for their employees, compensation is recompense, reward, wage or salary given by an organization to person or a group of persons in return to work  done, service rendered or a contribution made toward achievement or organizational goal.

BRIEF HISTORY OF GENERAL COTTON MILL LIMITED ONITSHA, ANAMBRA STATE

General Cotton Mill Limited, Onitsha anambra State is a textile manufacturing company that is known with the sales of textile and textile products.

The company was incorporated on the 10th April, 1964 RC 3782, located at Niger bridge Industrial Layout, Onitsha and also has one of its branches at Bloc 4A, Apapa lane, Dolphin Estate Ikoyi, Lagos, having Chief Nolla O. Edun as its chairman, R.N.W. lee (U.S. citizen) as its MD / CEO and also F.A Enechukwu-Deputy managing director.

It is a textile company offering composite textile Mill producing African prints, or fabric materials with spinning, weaving, and printing division producing cotton yarn with a good number of employees at its service.

Cotton as a resources is a miracle fibre that has been spun, woven and dyed since ancient times and it is still the most widely used fibre clothing, it is soft and fluffy, and grows in a boll around the seeds of the cotton plant. Cotton can be used for many products like: clothes, beddings, tabletops, furniture’s and even arts etc.

DEPARTMENT OF GENERAL COTTON MILL LIMITED

According to the structure

R & D centre (Research and Development)

They are in-charge of studying and adopting new technologies, innovation, development of new kinds of production, new methods of production and quality control.

Sales department: Their work consists of organizing production sales, attraction of new buyers and partner registration of export operations, contracts on local markets control of shipment and delivery of goods / contained

Purchasing department: they provide purchases from the local and foreign markets, declarations and also registration of import contracts and customs documents.

Financial and Accounting department: They handle the registration of financial operations, accounting report, production cost, payment system, vouchers, bank operations, payment forms, delivery of salary and works with plastic cards.

Corporate Planning department: These are the department in charge of planning and organization of company projects, works with company werb-site, public relation, making of business plan (statistics) organization of charitable actions and company events.

Cotton purchasing department (Cotton Team): They do the

Identification and selecting of raw materials of the best quality for further production. Conclusion of raw materials delivery contract.

Personnel and salary departments: They provide the process of salary calculation, registration of salary documentation, the conclusion and the termination of labour contracts, wages ratifying, personnel selection also.

Tashkent office: Realization of export transactions, attraction of new potential partners and clients, control on registration of export documents and shipments, i.e delivery of production and payment of all shipment carried out by the collective of the Tashkent office.

The study with the departments has a total population of (900) workers in general cotton mill Nigeria Limited Onitsha.

S/N DEPARTMENT NUMBER OF STAFF
1. Accounts 100
2 Commercial dept 180
3 Admin 100
4 Production 300
5 Labour committee 80
6 Cooperate planning 100
7 Personnel & salary 40
  Total 900

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Certain conditions or factors can make workers to perform effectively or ineffectively on their jobs. It has been observed that a number of factors seems to be responsible for job dissatisfaction among workers. They includes lack of interest in the jobs poor salaries poor conditions of service and lack of fringe benefits.

General Cotton Mill Limited workers tend to be affected by the factors enumerated above. It has also been observed that as a result of lack of compensation as a motivational factors there is growing shortage and loss of competent hands in general cotton Mill Limited Onitsha in particular. In the study, on the effect of compensation on the performance of workers in Onitsha Cotton Mill Limited Anambra in particular tends to find out what compensation service have to do in motivating workers.

This study is faced with the problems of finding out the importance of compensation to workers but equal knowing how adequate is that compensation towards effort workers are putting towards achieving the organizational objectives, therefore, this study has on the performance of workers on business organization.

 

1.3   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The core purpose of the study is to point out some of those things that could aid compensation if the organization wants to achieve it’s set goals and objectives.

  1. Identify factors in the organizational structure that could affect managerial effectiveness.

2       To determine whether there is problem in the design of the department within the organization.

  1. To find out if the level of education of subordinate influence the way a manager structures his department.
  2. To identify the links between the above variable and the manager degree of effectiveness in meeting up the objectives he is expected to achieve.
  3. To structure out ways in which managers can work towards achieving a better compensation is unfair or inadequate.

Finally, attention should be given to the topic if the organization wants to achieve it’s goal and objectives.

1.4   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The findings from this staudy would serve as good reference material to educationist. It would serve as a good material for people studying human relation as it affected by compensation. It would be a good reference material to those in the research institutes that would be futue practicing managers in piloting the affairs of the organization. It would also serve as a good materials for policy makers to help improve their subsequent policy formulations and planning.

The employees themselves would also find this study very useful. This would not only give them idea on what to expect management to do for them, but it would serve as guide enable them strive toward a greater performance as it would be in a position to compensate them adequately.

1.5   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is compensation?
  2. Are compensation given to workers adequate ?
  3. Does compensation help to retain your ends period of time?

4       Is your pay in the organization commensurate to your productivity performance.

  1. Does the promotion system in the organization inspire to higher productivity?
  2. Do the management provide adequate transport?

1.6   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

In order to carry out their study, the following scope have been formulated the help to generate data required for analysis.

When employees receive basic compensation, as equitable, hey increase their peformcne if not they will not.

When management gives to he workers the incentive they will increase their performance, if not, they will not.

1.7   DEFINITION OF TERMS

Management: This is the process fo planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the effort of an organization members, making use of organization resources to achieve its objectives. As postulated by Edward Flippo.

Reward: This is a system that consists of an organization integrated policies process and practices for rewarding its employees in accordance with their contribution skills competence and their market worth.

Compensation: Compensation may be defined as money or any kind of benefits received for the performance of work.

Motivation: It is the inner drives that arouse direct and maintain an individual behaviour toward accomplishing a goals.

Organization: This is a social unit of people that is structured and managed to meet a need or to pursue collective goals.

Promotion: This is a cause, venture or aim activity that supports or encourages.

Adequate: As much as or as good as necessary for some requirement or purpose fully sufficient, suitable etc.

Strategy: The basic goal and objective of action chosen to reach those goals and objective and the allocation necessary for carrying out those goals.

Planning: This is the process of thinking about an organization, the activities required to achieve a desired goal.

Productivity: Is an average measure of the efficiency of production a measure of the efficiency of a person, machine, factory, system, etc.

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN ANAMBRA STATE

(AN APPRAISAL OF SELECTED COMMUNITIES IN AGUATA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE)

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST #3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

ABSTRACT

This project work was geared towards examing and ascertaining the public administration and community development in Anambra State, with particular reference to selected communities in Aguata Local government Area of Anambra. In the bid to achieve this aim or target, primary or secondary sources were used in data collection. The primary source include questionnaire, while the secondary source include text books. A sample size of 500 persons out of the total population of 58.998 persons in the communities under study, comprising both indigenes and non-indigenes from all works of life, was drawn using sample ramdom sampling techniques in view of the sample size, 500 questionnaires were drafted and personally distributed to the sample size, out of which 350 were retrieved and presented accordingly, using frequency distribution tables with research questions, number of respondents, responses and percentages simple enough to understand from the findings, it was discovered that there were some inherent problems in the community of which a greater percentage were aware of it. Government have however in recent past intervened by putting up strategies but the performance of these strategies were not worth the salt, and as a result, able bodied men of the communities have fled to other communities in search for a better life thereby, leaving the communities static and under developed. It was however suggested by the people that the urgent intervention of government of government through the instrumentality of public administration was expedient and necessary and that such intervention should be in all the sectors of the polity or Economy such as economy, agriculture polities, education, health, power and energy infrastructure, etc, since the role of government was considered in evitable, however in reaction to these problems, the research found-out and in response to the findings, the researcher recommended some possible solutions which include: that government should intervene by setting up strategies to curb the problems and bring the situation to its barest minimum, people should shun all acts of corruption a cordial relationship should be maintained by government with the members of the community and finally, the monitoring agencies should be established to monitor projects and implementers to ensure strict compliance to laid-down procedures as well as curb the incidence of corruption, by officers. Finally and conclusively some constraints were encountered in the course of writing his work, such as response to questionnaires, etc. suggestions for further research were also made by the researcher.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0     Introduction  …………………………………………………………………1

1.1     Background to the study …………………………………………………….1

1.2     Statement of problem ………………………………………………….……3

1.3     Research question

1.4     Purpose of study …………………………………………………………….4

1.5     Hypotheses (optional)

1.6     Significance of the study ……………………………………………………5

1.7     Scope of the study …………………………………………………..………6

1.8     Limitations of the study

1.9     Operationalization / Definition of terms  ……………………………6

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review and Theoretical framework

2.0     Literature Review ………………………………………………8

2.1     Theoretical framework

CHAPTER THREE

3.0     Research methodology

3.1     Research design

3.2     Area of the study

3.3     Population of the study

3.4     Sample  and sampling techniques

3.5     Methods of data collection

3.6     Instruments for data collection

3.7     Reliability of the instruments

3.8     Validity of the instruments

3.9     Distribution and Retrieval of Instruments

3.10   Method of Data Analysis

CHAPTER  FOUR

Data Presentation and Analysis

4.1     Data presentation

4.2     Analysis of Research Questions

4.3     Testing of Hypothesis (if applicable)

4.4     Interpretation of Results

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations

5.1     Summary of findings

5.2     Conclusion

5.3     Recommendation

References

Appendix

Questionnaire

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

During the colonial period in Nigeria the government performed very limited functions such as the maintenance of law and order, defense and collection of revenue. But after attaining independence, the government has totally changed. The government has gone beyond the traditional function of maintaining law and order, defense and revenue collection. Their functions now include both development and national building activities.

Investigations carried out proved that in community development in Nigeria, with particular reference to selected communities in Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State, the people especially the poor, expect many things from the set of public Administration or the government   . The poor expect many things from government. The poor and weaker sections look up to government to improve their lot and allieviate their misery. Thus, in response to the rising expectations of the people, governemtns of these communities in Aguata Local Government have assumed enormous responsibilities in order to improve the social and economic conditions of the people, thus bringing community development through the instrumentality of Public Administration.

Consequently, since developing societies are engaged in rapid socio-economic transformation under the leadership of government, public administration necessarily has a very crucial and fundamental impact in the society. Thus, this work is designed and set to find out public administration and community development with particular reference to selected communities in Aguata Local government Area of Anambra State, as well as make recommendations.

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

        From the background of the study, it is evidenced that some problems actually necessitated the changing of government in these communities after independence, prominent among them include: 1. Lack of social amenities in these communities.

  1. Poor infrastructural facilities, such as good roads, schools, hospitals, electricity etc which led to the non-development of these communities.
  2. The social and economic condition of the people was very poor.
  3. Poverty engulfed the weaker section of the people of which many died as a result of hunger, starvation and mal-nutrition, especially the women and children.

Consequently, the issue which arises from this study is to ascertain the importance of Public “Administration in Anambra State in order to alleviate or reduce these problems evidenced in these communities to it’s bearest minimum.

1.3   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

For the purpose of this study, the following questions are considered important and were used to find suitable answers to these problems. They are:

  1. What is the problem facing the communities?
  2. Does the government strategies to proffer solution to the challenges facing the community?
  3. What is the relationship between the communities and the government ?

 

1.4   PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The broad purpose of this study is to ascertain the impact of Public Administration and community development to selected communities in Aguata Local Government and the developing societies at large.

  1. To find out the impact of Public Administration in developing societies in general, particularly the selected communities of Aguata Local Government.
  2. To find out the causes and effects of poverty and other problems of the developing societies in community development with particular reference to the selected communities in Aguata Local Government in Anambra Sate.
  3. To find out the reason or reasons behind the changing of government in community development with particular reference to the selected communities in Aguata Local government in Anambra State.

 

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

        The overall significance or importance of this study, and  the beneficiaries of this research work are as follows;

  1. It will be of great value to potential administrators, and policy makers to embark on efficient policy and decision making.
  2. It will help the people of developing societies or communities to be aware of the essential and crucial of Public Administration in the community, thus, support and embrace the subject matter.
  3. Students of Public Administration will also benefit as they will begin to understand and appreciate their course of study in improving community development and the national economy.
  4. Finally, this study after documentation will serve as a reference material for similar studies in the future.

 

1.7   SCOPE OF THE STUDY

        This research work is geared towards ascertaining Public Administration and community development in Anambra State, focusing on some selected communities in Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State.

Aguata Local Government Area of Anambra State is made up to fourteen (14) communities namely:  Ekwulobia, Isuofia, Agulu-Ezechukwu, Uga, Achina, Umuchu, Amesi, Akpo, Nkologwu, Ikenga, Ezinifite, Umuoha, Igbo-ukwu, Ora, eri. This study will however be limited to Ekwulobia and Isuofia communities only, so as to ensure an in-depth study.

 

1.8   LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

In the course of writing this project research work, the research encounted some inevitable constraints in an effort to make the study a reality. Some of these constraints include:

  1. Financial constraints: In as much as finance is fundamental to the meaningful completion of the study the researcher found it a bit difficult raising the needed and required finance.
  2. Time constraints: the paucity of time had a serious impact in conducting the research work. The time lay between the approval of the project topic and the submissions was a serious problem as the researcher had to battle with the limited time available to conduct the research concurrently with his academic schedules.
  3. There was also the problem of insufficient data within the research of the researcher.
  4. Finally, there was little delay in responding to the questionnaire due to the busy and tight schedule of the respondents as at the time of this study.

 

1.9   DEFINITION OF TERMS

        These are terms used in this research work which are worthy of definition. They are as follows:

  1. Public Administration: This means governmental administration it is the study of the management of the public agencies that carryout public policy or policies in order to fulfill the state purpose in the public interest.
  2. Community Development: This is a set of values and practices which plays to overcome poverty and disadvantages knitting societies together at the grass root and depending democracy.
  3. Colonial period: This is the period or era when the third world countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America Counties were colonized by the European powers. In Nigeria, this period connotes the period between 1900-1960 when Nigeria was under the colonization of Britain.

1.10 ORGANIZATION OF THE STUDY

The chapter of this research work presents the introduction background of the study, statement of the problem under study, research question to enable the researcher to meet up with the problems under study and the objective of the study, purpose of the study, significant of the study, scope of the study, limitation of the study and definition of some important terms.

The chapter two which presents the literature review, which is the review what have been writing by other scholars, authors and other writers about the related topics which helped the researcher to meet up with the problems under study with the theoretical framework which is the presentation of theories which is pounded by other scholars in relation to the topic under study.

The chapter three, presents the methodology which is the research design Area of the study, population of the study, sample and sampling techniques, method of data collection, reliability of instrument, validity of the instrument, distribution and retrieval of the instrument, method of data collection.

The chapter four presents the research question which was gotten using the method introduced in chapter three, and it will be critically analyzed for easy understanding, and to be able to come up with a successful conclusion about the problem under study.

The chapter five is the conclusion and recommendation coupled with suggestion for further research in some areas in which the researcher was not able to meet up with.

 

 

Complete Material Cost #3000

Order Full Material Here