Category Archives: CO-OPERATIVE PROJECT MATERIAL WITH ABSTRACT

ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA.

ORIGIN AND DEVELOPMENT OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES IN NIGERIA. (A CASE STUDY OF IMT MULTIPURPOSE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY ENUGU)

 

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CHAPTER ONE

1.O   Introduction

1.1    Background of the Study

  • Statement of problems
  • Purpose of the study
  • Scope of the study
  • Limitation of the study
  • Research questions.

 

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature review
    • What are the type of co-operative societies that exist in Nigeria.
    • What are the problems of co-operative societies in Nigeria?
    • Are all problems with co-operative development in Nigeria…..
    • Are all members of the co-operative qualified for membership?
    • What are the functions performed by co-operative?
    • What are the factors that influence the establishment/formation of co-operative societies?
    • Are there any effect towards co-operative in Nigeria?

 

CHAPTER THREE

  • Research method used
    • Sources of data
    • Population and sample size determination
    • Instrument used for data collection
    • Method of analysis

 

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Representation and Analysis of data
    • Research analysis and finding
    • Analysis of questionnaire to IMT multipurpose co-operative society.

 

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Summary of findings, Conclusions and Recommendation
    • Summary of the findings.
    • Conclusion
    • Recommendation

Bibliography

Appendix.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF STUDY

 

There is a discernible pattern of co-operative development in African and Asian countries, which were former colonies of Europe, Nigeria is no exception.  During the colonial days the seed of co-operation was sown but it could only grow slowly.  At this points, co-operative were restricted to serve only the purpose of the paymaster (the white man).  Co-operatives then were not allowed to grow or expand into the hinterlands.

 

In Nigeria, the first hint on co-operative emergence occurred during the first would war.  This co-operative which happened to be a consumer co-operative was, modeled the Rochdale of England – home of the colonialist.  These early co-operative societies existed to ratio out goods, which were very scarce during the world war and died a natural death sown after the world war.

 

Thereafter, in 1926, the then colonial Agricultural ministry began organizing cocoa farmers around Abeokuta and Ibadan in Western Nigeria to market their product especially to Europe where the colonial masters needed it for their home industries.  This was also the patterned development of co-operative in British colonies.  After this experiment, the Western region of Nigeria embraced co-operative, especially marketing types.

 

The Agricultural ministry continued to maintain control and supervision over these western co-operative societies.  Emboldened by this sequence in co-operative acceptance in the west and the attendant success of the marketing co-operatives which had translated into more raw materials for parent companies in Europe, the colonial master appointed Mr. F.C Strickland to go and understudy the success story of cocoa marketing co-operatives in the western region, with a view to enacting co-operative law.

 

For three months December 1933 to March 1934 – Mr. Strickland carried out the spot assessment.  In this report, Mr. Strickland strongly recommended the introduction of co-operatives into Nigeria.  In his report which he submitted in April 1934, he strongly advocated for co-operative introduction without further delay.  Till date, Mr. F. C. Strickland’s report forms the backbone of the introduction of the co-operative to Nigeria.  Mr. Strickland also drafted a proposed ordinance and regulation; the colonial administration wasted no time in implementing it.

In line with the above understanding Mr. E. F. C Haig was appointed as a register for co-operative in Nigeria.  To be able to undertake these responsibilities, he was sent abroad to understudy the Indian Co-operative movement and Law.

 

Mr. F.C Strickland’s report no doubt kick-started the co-operative activities in Nigeria.  On return to Nigeria the first thing he did was to reorganize the cocoa farmer societies, who were already excelling in the production and marketing of the best quality cocoa.  Next was to bring these societies under the umbrella of the co-operative law.

 

The co-operative societies ordinance No. 39 of 1935 was signed into law by the king of England on 3rd Dec, 1935 and the regulations approved came into force on the 6th Feb. 1936.  from a  humble beginning in 1926, co-operative rose to an astonishing number of 181 in 1944.

 

In 1951, the political landscape of Nigeria changed and every nation under Nigeria was allowed to develop under regions.  So, cooperatives went the same way west East and North.

 

A co-operative is an association of persons who have voluntarily come together to achieve a common end through making equitable contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of risk.  It is an undertaking in which members actively participate.  A co-operative is an owner enterprise, meaning that members are at the same time the owners and the users of the goods and the facilities provided.

 

In 1980,  the Institute of Management and Technology  (IMT) multipurpose co-operative was formed.  It was registered immediately with 36 members.  Many people joined the co-operative in order to save their money and also with the aim of borrowing soft loans from the society.  The chairman of the society when it was registered was Mr. S. E. Eze (structure Lab. Campus 111).  Mr. P. Nkeanyadi as secretary (Senior staff establishment), the treasurer as Mr. I.C Ogbu (science tech) and others.

 

The society has made a lot of progress my lending money to members at a low interest rate.  It also helps members to borrow money from other organization if the co-operative does not have the facility for the loan.  No doubt co-operatives have played an effective role in the institute and Nigeria as a whole in socio-economic development and still continues to play this role, thereby steering the nation into a greater industrial society.

 

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.

Officials of co-operative societies in Nigeria especially have problems in managing their organizations because of inadequate commitment of the co-operative movement.  They are therefore unable to mobilize members.  Ignorance is part of the problem because the origin of the co-operative movement by Rochdale pioneers in England in 1844 is not widely known.  So the lack of the co-operative leads to the inefficient accomplishment of the objectives of the co-operative and its co-operators.

 

Secondly, lack of finance is another problem that militates against the smooth running of the co-operative in Nigeria.  Again, they do not even know that through borrowing and contributing one can improve the development of the so

THE ROLE OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS.

THE ROLE OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS. (A CASE STUDY OF IDAH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KOGI STATE)

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 ABSTRACT

This research work was designed to see to the way the areas could be developed through the co-operative society with Idah Local Government Area of Kogi State as a case study, Oral interview were carried out, several book were consulted and also, finding of registered co-operative societies and number of their members were carried out. From the findings, it revealed that those areas with co-operative societies gain more government attention than those without co-operative societies. The study reveals that for a government to achieve all round development empowering co-operative societies should be given utmost attention.

 TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page

Approval Page

Dedication

Acknowledgement

Abstract

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

  • Background Of The Study

1.2    Statement Of The Problem

1.3    Aims And Objective Of The Study

1.4    Significance Of The Study

1.5    Research Questions

1.6    The Scope And Limitation Of The Study

1.7    Definition Of Key Terms

Reference

CHAPTER TWO

2.1    Meaning Of Co-operative Society

2.2    Characteristics Of Co-operative Societies

2.3    Formation Of A Co-operative Society

2.4    Types Of Co-operative Society

2.5    Advantages Of Co-operative Society

2.6    Benefits Of Co-operative Society

2.7    Prospect Of Co-operative Society

2.8    The Impact Of Co-operative Societies On Rural Development.

  • Problem Faced By Co-operative Societies

In Rural Development

2.10 The Need For Re-engineering

2.9    Problem Faced By Co-operative Societies In Rural Development

2.10  The Need For Re-engineering Co-operative Societies.

Reference

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction

3.2    Research Design

3.3    Area Of Study

3.4    Population Of the Study

3.5    Sample And Sampling Techniques

3.6    Sources Of Data Collection

  • Instrument Used For Data Collection

 

  • Test For Validity And Reliability Of Research

Instrument

Reference

CHAPTER FOUR

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

  • Introduction
  • Presentation Of Data
  • Discussion of Findings

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • Summary
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendation

Bibliography

Appendix

Questionnaire

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The problem of developing the rural area has received the attention of many experts and researchers as well as the government.  This is because it constitutes a serious bottleneck to the socio-economic development of the country as well as the communities.  It is in the light of this, that I have decided to examine how rural areas would be developed with the help or assistance of co-operative societies using Idah local Government as the case study.

 

 

Rural development according to Diejomoah (2003) is “ The process of not only increasing the level of per capital income in the rural area but also the standard of living of the rural population measured by food and nutrition level, health, education, housing, recreation and security. Also Rural development according to UNO (1960) is “The process by which the effort of he people themselves are United with effort that of government authorities to improved the economic social and cultural conditions of the rural communities to integrate those community into life of the nation and to enable them contribute meaningful to national development.

Therefore, Rural Development is an integration activity involving the Implementation of programmes of agriculture, health, education, home management, provision of infrastructure and other community facilities under the supervision of the government, its agencies and the local people.

 

 

Co-operative society is one of the principal agent of rural development.  It is not only an avenue for job opportunities, but also as a training ground for the rural dwellers and other society and economic benefits.  Hence, it is a strong factor in the nations economic development.

Helms (2005) on the other hand defines co-operative society as an association of persons who have voluntarily joined together to have a common end through the formation of a democratically controlled enterprise, making equitable contribution to the capital required and accepting a fair share of the risk and benefit of the undertaking in which the member activity participate.  On the other hand it could be seen as a voluntarily association of persons having mutual ownership in providing themselves some needed service on non-profit basis usually organized as a legal entity to accomplish objectives through joint participation of its members.

 

As it is, the problem faced by the rural dwellers in Nigeria today is complex.  It is those in he rural areas who have to produce not only enough for their families but also for industries and urban population.   They also have to produce cash crops either for processing by local industries or for export.  Still they lack the basic necessities of life.

Co-operative is a vital issue in every community in this world.  Place where it has been properly put into effective operation, its members have greatly achieve something from it.  Idah Local Government area is one of the area where co-operative societies have improved the live of its citizens.

 

 

Hence assistance should be given to the rural people e.g. Idah people so as to enable them improve politically, economically, socially and otherwise through co-operative societies.

This project therefore, intends to examine rural development, discuss or diagnose strategies adopted by coo-operative societies in developing rural areas.  Examine the problem areas if coo-operative societies and to provide recommendation or solution to the problem so far identified.

 

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Perhaps, one of the greatest problem confronting Rural Development today is the lop sided and unbalanced development of their environment and how best to improve the living standard of the rural dwellers.  It is not in correct to state that the gross unbalance and inequalities in the level of development between the rural and urban areas of Nigeria is enormous taking Idah local government area for example.  Inspite of all the orchestrated policies and programmes of successive government in Nigeria.  The problem of rural backwardness and under – development has remained unresolved.   This is evident in the persistence of agriculture stagnation, hunger, poverty, disease, unemployment, poor housing, under-employment, poor infrastructure facilities.  Most of our rural areas also suffer from inadequacy of social services, high birth rate and death rate, low life expectance, malnutrition and Ignorance, lack of productive, technical and managerial skill to improve production.

 

 

In the light of these problems, the researcher is therefore boarded and wants to probe into the activities of co-operative societies to know whether they are contributing towards the development of our rural areas with a particular focus on Idah Local government area of Kogi |State.

THE ROLE OF CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETIES TOWARDS DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL AREAS.

HOW TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION THROUGH CO-OPERATIVE

HOW TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION THROUGH CO-OPERATIVE   (A CASE STUDY OF NDOKWA WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA STATE)

 

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ABSTRACT

 

The research work on the topic “How to improve Agricultural production through co-operative (A case study of  Ndokwa West L. G. A Delta State Co-operative as was carried out to survey the past programmes and polities constituted by government to mobilize peasant farmers into agricultural co-operative and functional ones more productive as a way of facilitating the attainment of self-sufficiency in agricultural productivity in the country.

 

 

 

The general constrains that affect the achievement of the objectives in Ndokwa West local government area was identified.  These include ill conceived and inefficient extension services, inadequate farm storage facilities and organized marketing outlets, use of crude farming implements.  Complex land tenure system, non-restriction of membership which might bring in people of questionable characters whose membership may lead to the down fall of the society among others.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction

 

 

1.1  Background of the study

  • Statement of Problems
  • Objective of the study
  • Importance of the study
  • Scope and Limitation of the Study
  • Research Questions
  • Definition of terms

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature review

2.1  Importance of Improving Agric Production

  • Co-operative as a means of improving Agricultural Production.
  • Problem imposed by co-operative on agricultural programme
  • Agricultural co-operative
  • Function of marketing co-operative in improving agricultural production.
  • Production promotion co-operative societies.
  • Method of investigation
  • Method of Data analysis.

CHAPTER TH REE

  • Research Methodology

3.1  Population of the study

3.2. Sources of data

  • Primary Sources
  • Secondary sources
  • Method of Investigation
  • Method of data analysis

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Data Presentation

 

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Summary of Findings

5.1  Recommendations

  • Conclusion

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Every student requires a particular institutional framework.  One of such framework of the student is the co-operative.  The word co-operative can have different interpretation.  In a layman’s language, it means working together on working mutually.  The second interpretation , which is where the emphasis means a special type of co-operative.  The co-operative has been defined by different schools of thought but the various in the degree of emphasis on one aspect or the other.

 

 

The school of thought describes co-operative as business undertaking owned and operated by voluntary associations in order to provide themselves with work and wages or with goods and services.

 

But the International Co-operative Alliance (I C A) defined co-operative as an autonomous association of persons, limited voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled enterprises.  The role of co-operative in agricultural is an important topic of study but already much has been done by co-operators to justify its prime role of score securing economic and political development particularly in developed countries like England known for consumer co-operatives.  France known for industrial co-operative and Germany known for credit co-operative.  Co-operative movement is world wide phenomenon.  It has developed from simple traditional form(s) of mutual institution  of modern formally organized institution.

 

This institution gained world wide acceptance because of the grate role.  It has been playing in the economic development of various countries particularly in the developing countries.  The improvement of agricultural production through co-operative inevitable has social effects.  Co-operative management bring better yield which in turn yields better living standard, better housing, better  education for members and their families.  This economic success of co-operative society has been witnessed invaluably in co-operative studies.

 

In Delta State, most inhabitants survive through and the main occupation is substantial farming, which attracted interest many co-operative societies, both existing ones and new initiated ones.  Improving the agricultural production was their main target and interest and at the same time lifting the level of its individuals.  Improvement target was both in size and qualities were poor and could not be marketed most of the crops having pest scales and most couldn’t grow well in other to produce as expected.  The product that were severely affected were yam tubers, cassava stems and tubers, cocoa yams, vegetables.

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Nigeria had embarked on various programmes and  policies  costing hundreds of millions of naira aimed at reviving the depressed agricultural sector.

In view of this, agricultural co-operative was instituted so as to organize the small scale farmers who are still involved in manual labour type of farming in co-operative and had failed to produce enough food for our teeming population thereby the country to be involved in importation of large quantity of food with a huge percentage decline in agricultural exports.

 

All those governmental effort have not actually had much significant improvement in this sector as much emphasis now being placed on agriculture.  The call for urgent re-examination of the role of these agricultural production sure it’s aim of facilitating the attainment of self-sufficiency in agriculture and making agriculture to take its prime position in the national economy of this country in danger.

 

 

Continue reading HOW TO IMPROVE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION THROUGH CO-OPERATIVE

Credit Management Techniques in Agricultural Co-operative Bank in Nigeria

Credit Management Techniques in Agricultural Co-operative Bank in Nigeria (A case study of NACRDB, Enugu).

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

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ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447

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Account Name: 3059320631

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CHAPTER ONE

 

  • INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:

The Nigeria Agricultural, Co-operative and Rural Development Bank Limited is a development bank established in the year 2000 following the merger of the defunct Nigeria Agricultural and Co-operative Bank Limited (NACB) and former People’s Bank of Nigeria Limited (PBN) and the Risk Assets of the Family Economics Advancement Programme (FEAP).  The vision of the bank is “to be foremost people centred, self-sustaining development finance institution for rural savings, mobilization and delivery of micro and macro agricultural credit and micro credit to the poor”.  The mission is “providing affordable financial and advisory services to the farmers and non-farmers enterprises of the national economy using well trained and highly motivated staff, backed by appropriate technology, thereby fostering accelerated agricultural and rural development.  “Nigerian Agricultural, Co-operative and Rural Development Bank Ltd, is dedicated primarily to agricultural financing at both the micro and macro levels as well as micro financing of small and medium scale enterprises.

 

 

 

The bank has a 3-tier administrative structure.  The Head Office is in Kaduna and there are six zonal offices located at Abuja, Kano, Bauchi, Enugu, Port Harcourt and Ibadan.  Under the Zonal Offices, there is a network of over 200 branches.  Enugu zonal office is responsible for monitoring and supervision of the activities of the 26 branches in the South-East zone which are distributed as follows:

ABIA ANAMBRA EBONYI ENUGU IMO
Umuahia Awka Abakaliki Enugu Owerri
Akoli Imenyi Ihiala Afikpo Nsukka Aboh Mbaise
Isuochi Nteje Akaeze Oji River Atta
Ohafia Oko Onicha Mgbowo Ideato
Ukwa Onitsha Uburu Oguta
Ukpo Orlu

 

The awareness of the serious decline in agricultural production necessitated the establishment of the bank.  The NACRDB is not the only financial institution which provides agricultural credit.  Prior to the establishment of NACRDB, agricultural credit schemes was operated by some agencies such as the Ministry of Agriculture, supervising credit scheme, agricultural credit co-operative thrift and loan scheme, farmers multi-purpose co-operative societies.  Most of these institutions were not effective sources for strictly agricultural credit.  There were a lot of evidence that creditors borrowed money for agriculture but diverted it to other ventures.  Again, credit was often extended to only favourites and scarcely to genuine small scale farmers.  Besides, they could not meet the collateral and equity contribution requirements, a situation that compelled a significant proportion of the farmers to seek for other sources of credit.

 

 

According to Idachaba quoted from Cardoso, (1987:18) or research carried out showed that 58% of farming related borrowing was from family and friends, 224% from private money tenders, 15% from merchants and only 3% from institutional sources.

However, while family and friends charged little or no interests, private money tenders charged exorbitant interests organized credit facilities for Nigerian rural farming population would reduce the dependence on sources other than the formal financial houses.

It is against this background that the researcher is to investigate how credit will effectively administered in co-operative enterprises.  They will enable us to identify the major problems associated with credit administration in co-operative agricultural banks and seek solution to these problem to ensure continued existence of developing co-operatives.

 

 

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM:

In this  sector, co-operative banks mobilizes credit for their members through the savings of members.  It has been observed that they are inefficient in mobilizing and utilization of credits.  Many problems led to this ineffective mobilization of credit.  They are:

  • Illiteracy and lack of awareness.
  • High cost of credit delivery due to the fact that farmers are many and are scattered.

 

Continue reading Credit Management Techniques in Agricultural Co-operative Bank in Nigeria

Cooperative Education/Training and Effective Management of Co-Operative Business Enterprises

Cooperative Education/Training and Effective Management of Co-Operative Business Enterprises”, with a special focus on the cooperative societies in Udi LGA.

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

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Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447

First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

ATM CARD:  ATM OR ONLINE TRANSFER. 

OR
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form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

Call Help Desk On   :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

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CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

  • BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Cooperative Education/Training is one of the cooperative principles which seek to provide Education/Training for cooperative members, elected representatives, managers and employees, so that they can contribute effectively to the development of their cooperative.  Its importance cannot be overemphasized in cooperative development.  Cooperative education/training stands in the centre of the cooperative movement.

From the inception of the early cooperative of Rochadale, the pioneers of the world cooperatives movement, one of the unique tasks embarked upon was philosophy and practice of cooperative.  Even in the recent review of cooperative principles in 1966, the International Cooperative Alliance “ICA” re-stated Cooperative Education/Training as one of the cardinal principles of cooperation.  The cooperative rules laws and bye-laws of respective cooperative societies and the 1993 cooperative decree stipulated that some percentage of the cooperative society surplus should be appropriated as a provision for education, training and information of the members, management committee and other cooperative officials.  The management of cooperative business enterprises is a body of elected members in a cooperative society who handles the affairs and the day to day running of the cooperative business enterprise.  The importance of management in any organisation is axiomatic.  The success or failure of an organisation depends to a great extent on the quality of the management committee.

 

 

Therefore officers and management of cooperative business enterprise required a more technical education/training to be able to control the management.  Moreover, in order to alleviate the problems of illiteracy, ignorance of members, misconduct and poor management. Cooperative education/training and management of cooperative business enterprises must be tenaciously pursued.

 

 

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

          Generally, history of cooperatives education in the developing countries of the world reveals that the main cause of rickety foundation of cooperation has been the lack of cooperative education/training.

Lack of cooperative education/training is disloyalty of members, high incidence of over-due and unpaid loans, low attendance at meetings, ignorance of members’ proposals, poor member relations, bad management, low productivity resulting in little or no surplus, poor public image, inability to change with the times and other harmful result.

Lack of education/training and business inexperienced limits the effectiveness of managers, president, secretaries, treasurers and other management committee members.  Quite often, some people come together as members pool their resources together and form a cooperative society without the proper cooperative ideology.  They enter into cooperative business for political or personal interests, without adequate cooperative education/training to equip them for an effective task…

 

 

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The Role Of Voluntary And Open Membership In Increasing The Efficiency Of Cooperative Societies

The Role Of Voluntary And Open Membership In Increasing The Efficiency Of Cooperative Societies

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Abstract

This study examines the role of Voluntary and Open Membership Principle in societies. A survey method was used for the study. They were members of NNPC-KRPC Staff Multipurpose Cooperative Society. A 5-item questionnaire was used for the study. The questionnaire was based on liker scale. Four (4) research questions were developed to guide the study. Frequencies and mean scores were used as statistical analysis. Research findings show that Voluntary and Open Membership Principle is well followed can improve societies which can adequately promote the socio economic standard of members. It was recommended that good orientation should be given to members so as to make them abide by the principle.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Background of the Study

Cooperative is a voluntary organization that is established within the people with common interest in cooperative there are some principles that guided the operation of cooperative business as stated by (ICA 1995). The first among the seven (7) principle is voluntary and open membership which is the area of consideration in this study. The principle require that membership of any cooperative society should be left open to new intending members without any artificial restriction it means that cooperative societies are non exclusive clubs of a few person or as private companies.

 

 

 

The spirit behind this principle means that in cooperative societies, members have to view properly and business enterprises of the society not in the selfish, egocentric spirit of capitalism but in the cooperative spirit of solidarity and universal brotherhood. The society must be prepared to admit new members, it is like a work of social service to mankind, new members may come in and enjoy the fruits of the society built up by the old and past members.

 

 

Chukwu (1990) says advantage of cooperative openness is that open door policy of the cooperative not only makes good philosophy. It also makes cooperative movement to spread throughout the whole nation/world, thud making the benefits of membership good because of the process of integration.

 

 

Again, Amahalu (2006) says voluntary and open membership makes the business to increase volume by volume. The more people join the cooperative business, the greater the chance of the group achieving its objectives in terms of skills, capital volume of production and sales.

In cooperative practice voluntary and open membership is not absolute because there is need for selection, what we have in cooperative is “qualified openness” not everybody that apply has the automatic right to be admitted. Dishonest men, non Conformist, those whose purpose would detrimental to the aims of the society, or who will not obey the rules of the society, such people obviously would not be admitted.

 

Obodoechi (2002), explain that cooperative societies are not complete welfare organization with business entity there is need for selection because not everybody can meet the financial requirements like minimum share holding. Entrance fees monthly savings etc. Although cooperative law made the financial requirement to be small (minimum) but yet some may not afford it.

 

 

 

Further more, there is the need for selection in membership of cooperative organization because of the need for a limited degree of homogeneity e.g Farmers Marketing Cooperative Society cannot accept somebody who is not a farmer, a cooperative society that is for a particular church, mosque, school cannot accept one who is a member of the above mentioned groups.

Again cooperative voluntary and open membership is not absolute because cooperative law specified the minimum age for membership except infant cooperative organization. But the age specification differs from country to country and region to region.

 

Finally, the membership openness is not absolute in cooperative organization because the guidelines for membership are always clearly stated in the cooperative law and bye-law of individual societies. Any intending member must abide with the guideline before he/she is admitted and the society has the right to admit or not to admit but the right not to admit must be exercised rationally and not bitrarily.

 

 

  • Statement of the Problem

The nature of cooperative is to be free for any qualified individual to joint without any gender, social racial, political or religious discrimination. This was clearly expressed in the principle of voluntary and open membership, for instance Chuckwu 1990; Amahala, 2006 agrees that voluntary and open membership make cooperative business to increase volume by volume, the more people joint the cooperative business the greater the chance of the group achieving its objectives in terms of skills, capital volume of production and…

 

 

Continue reading The Role Of Voluntary And Open Membership In Increasing The Efficiency Of Cooperative Societies

HOW TO ORGANIZE A VIABLE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY AS A QUALIFYING COURSE FOR THE AWARD OF THIS ORDINARY NATIONAL DIPLOMA IN CO-OPERATIVE ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT.

HOW TO ORGANIZE A VIABLE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY AS A QUALIFYING COURSE FOR THE AWARD OF THIS ORDINARY NATIONAL DIPLOMA IN CO-OPERATIVE ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT.

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

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ABSTRACT

 

This project work is channeled towards studying how to organize a viable co-operative society. It specifically dealt with motives for joining co-operative society, factors affecting the formation of co-operative society and Ten steps in organizing a viable Co-operative Society.

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction

1.1  Statement of  Research Problem

  • Purpose of the Study
  • Background of the Study
  • Theoretical Foundation of the Study
  • Research Question
  • Limitation of the Study
  • Significant of Study

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

  • Who is a Co-operator?
  • What is a Co-operative and Value?
  • What is a co-operative society?
  • Co-operative values
  • Types of Co-operative Societies
  • Consumer Co-operative
  • Agricultural Co-operative
  • Productive/Producer Co-operative
  • Classification of Co-operatives Societies
  • According to Functions
  • According to the Economic status of members of the Society.
  • According to the sector of the Economy in which the societies are engaged.
  • According to the number of function carried out by the societies.
  • According to the level of operation of the societies.
  • According to the area of operation
  • According to the legal status of societies
  • According to the liability of the members on liquidation of the societies.
  • According to the level of integration or the functional link between the members enterprises or households and the co-operative enterprises.

 

  • According to the degree of autonomy
  • According to the sex of members
  • According to the envisaged duration of the societies
  • According to the size of the societies
  • According to the functional state of the societies
  • According to the nature of goods produce
  • Structure of co-operative societies
  • Primary Co-operative Societies
  • Secondary co-operative societies
  • Tertiary co-operative societies
  • Co-operative management structure
  • Tools of control
  • Principle of co-operation
  • Motives for joining or forming co-operatives
  • Economic motives
  • Sociological/Emotional motives
  • External Pressure
  • Factors which influence the formation of co-operative
  • Ten steps of organizing a viable co-operative societies

 

 

 

CHAPTER THREE

  • Research methods and procedures

3.1    Research Design

  • Sampling
  • Description of the Research Instrument
  • Method of Communication of the Research
  • Field work

 

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Data presentation and Analysis

4.1    Introduction

  • Data presentation

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Summary
  • Finding
  • Conclusion
  • Recommendation
  • Reference

Bibliography

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1       Statement of Research Problem

How to organize a viable Co-operative Society.

 

 

  • Purpose of the Study:

Co-operative Society is a dynamic and viable business set-up, it has unique ideologies that under bind the movement and distinguishes them from other form of business.

However, it should be viable in order to carry her duties and responsibility very effective and efficiently.

The purpose of the study are as follows:

  1. To create a sound form or ways or steps of organizing a viable co-operative society.

 

 

 

  • Background of the Study:

Co-operative is an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a joint owned and democratically controlled enterprise.

 

Organizing a viable co-operative societies enables the society to last long and function effectively and efficiently.  Co-operative itself started from creation.  In fact, co-operative is as old as man.  One Igbo-man has a proverb which buttress this more, “when a man is in difficulty, he seeks for help from another but when animal is, she cannot turn to another.”  In organization a viable co-operative society, there are (10) Ten steps which one must or have to follow before its/her society will be viable.

These very (10) Ten steps are short listed in the Nigerian Co-operative Society’s Decree of 1993.  By Osita Obodoechi on the Cobwebs of Co-operation, 2002, P; 2.

 

 

1.4   THEORITICAL FOUNDATION OF THE STUDY.

During the colonial days, the seed of Co-operation was sown but it could only grow slowly.  At this point, co-operative were restricted to serve only the  interest of the paymaster (the white man).  Co-operatives, then, were not allowed to grow or expand to the hinterlands. In Nigeria, the first hint on co-operative emergency occurred during the 1st world war.  This Co-operative, which happen to be a consumer was modeled along the Rochdale of England, home of the colonialist.  This earliest co-operative society existed to reform out consumer goods which was very scarce during the world war.  Soon after the war ended, the consumer co-operative died a natural death.  It is said that there are many co-operatives in Enugu state which has encountered natural death due to one problem or the other.

 

 

Continue reading HOW TO ORGANIZE A VIABLE CO-OPERATIVE SOCIETY AS A QUALIFYING COURSE FOR THE AWARD OF THIS ORDINARY NATIONAL DIPLOMA IN CO-OPERATIVE ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT.