Category Archives: computer science project topics with abstract in Nigeria

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTER BASED MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTER BASED MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM (A CASE STUDY OF GUNIESS NIG. PLC)

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

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MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
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Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

 

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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTER BASED MARKETING INFORMATION SYSTEM

 

 

ABSTRACT

Most marketing, production, and manufacturing firms have the basic problem of information flow between the various departments within the organization.

This research is intended to highlight the role of a computerized marketing information system in Guinness (Nig) Plc Compare to the manual system of marketing.
To identify the various problems involve in the existing marketing information system of Guinness (Nig) Plc is the purpose of this research and to the proffer solutions to them.
Data were collected both by interview methods and observation method. Marketing models had developed in this research as well as marketing system. Secondly, the study also investigates how Guinness (Nig) Plc manages the marketing information system.
Finally computer based marketing information system is suggested as a solution to more structured, efficient and effective marketing control.

 

ORGANIZATION OF WORK

This work is divided into seven chapters. Chapter one is the introduction, chapter two examines the literature. Description of the existing system is in chapter three while chapter four examines the design of the new system. Chapter five is base on implementation of the new system while chapter six is documentation. Finally, in chapter seven, a summary is made, recommendation is offered and conclusion is also drawn.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.2 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
1.3 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
1.5 LIMITATION
1.6 ASSUMPTION
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERM

CHAPTER TWO
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.1 FACT FINDING METHOD USED
3.2 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
3.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.4 INPUT, PROCESS, OUTPUT ANALYSIS
3.5 INFORMATION FLOW DIAGRAM
3.6 PROBLEM OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.7 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE NEW SYSTEM

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 DESIGN OF THE NEW SYSTEM
4.1 OUTPUT SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN
4.2 INPUT SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN
4.3 FILE DESIGN
4.4 PROCEDURE CHART
4.5 SYSTEM FLOW CHART
4.6 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 IMPLEMENTATION
5.1 PROGRAM DESIGN
5.2 PROGRAM FLOW CHART
5.3 PSEUDOCODE
5.4 SOURCE PROGRAM
5.5 TEST RUN

CHAPTER SIX
6.0 DOCUMENTATION

CHAPTER SEVEN
7.0 RECOMMENDATION
7.1 CONCLUSION

REFERENCE

 

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CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

The ultimate aim of manufacturers is to produce goods they can sell to users immediately at a profit. An interaction between the producer and the consumer tales place. This interaction is initiated, developed, and managed by producer’s marketing staff. The business function of marketing is concerned with the planning, promotion, and sale of existing products in the existing markets and development of new products and new markets to better serve present and potential customers.

Today marketing performs a vital function in the operation of a business enterprises i.e. (as the primary interface between the manufacturer and the customer). Performing the marketing function in business has become a much difficult assignment because of the dynamic environment of today’s activities which includes:

– Rapidly changing market demands
– Steadily increasing consumers pressure
– Proliferation of new products
– Intensified competition
– Growing government regulations.

Business firms have increasingly turned to the computer to help them perform the vital marketing functions in the face of the rapid changes of today’s environment. Computer, therefore, because of its speed, memory capacity, versatility and accuracy, has been the catalyst in the development of marketing information system, which integrate the information flow required by the many marketing activities. Computer is also used to make business decision involving millions of naira and so saves man from a tremendous amount of time consuming work.

Today computer is used as a control system for controlling marketing costs, diagnosis of poor sales performance. Nevertheless, computer is also used as research system for advertising strategy, pricing strategy and evaluation of advertising expenditure and continuous experiment.

This project work, computer based marketing information system is taken to critically analyse and fashion out ways of implementing computer in Guinness (Nig) Plc.
In this chapter, the researcher established the aim, limitation and purpose of the study, scope, statement of the problems, assumption and definition of terms.

 

 

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The Guinness (Nig) Plc produces and markets over four different brands of alcoholic drinks. These products are sent to the various stored and other branches or deport with the country. The large volume of stock coupled with the vast distribution not work creates some control and management problems.

The operation of the Enugu deport presently is completely manual and lacks some degree of information retrieval facilities. So, obtaining, storing and updating information on each of the items is not an easy task. It takes hours and…

 

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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED DIRECTORY OF BUSINESS PREMISES IN ENUGU URBAN.

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED DIRECTORY OF BUSINESS PREMISES IN ENUGU URBAN.

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

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MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER.  ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . WE WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY.

OR
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Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

 

CALL help desk line :  08074466939,08063386834.

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08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 1 HOUR ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

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ABSTRACT
The software package used in this protect is quick Basic which centered on soloing the problem of relational business activities arising from modern transactions
For the fact that individual, private and public organization have problem of visiting their clients or customer in different locals for a particular purpose, this then given the need of using complementary cards which may be thousands in numbers so, because of these cards in large number, it development a problem of sorting different organization in a particular location.
This project will solve the above mentioned problem by a way of listing the relational information business organization in a particular location at Enugu city to solve his directory problem with ease of getting the location of organization and other necessary information at a faster rate and minimum cost.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE
1.O INTRODUCTION
1.1 Statement of the problem
1.2 Purpose of study
1.3 Aims and objectives
1.4 Scope of the study
Limitation
CHAPTER TWO
2.O Literature review

CHAPTER THREE
3.O Description And Analysis Of The Existing System
3.1 Method of data collection
3.2 Organizational structure
3.3 Objective of the existing system
3.4 Information flow diagrams
3.5 Problem of existing system
3.6 Justification for the new system

CHAPTER FOUR
4.O Design Of The System
4.1 Input specification
4.2 Output specification
4.3 File design
4.4 System flow chart
4.5 Procedure chart
4.6 System requirement
4.7 Speed and reliability
4.8 Modes of operation
4.9 The TV monitor

CHAPTER FIVE
5.O Implementation

CHAPTER SIX
6.O Documenting

CHAPTER SEVEN
7.o Recommendation
7.1 Conclusion
7.2 Definition of terms
7.3 Bibliography.

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION
The latest development in business activities calls for easy access to the location of companies and their clients/ customers so that effective transaction will be achieved. Also locations and other information about school and supermarkets are needed to be known in the city.

If the information about schools and supermarket within Enugu city are known, the there will be an effective transaction of business and information will flow easily among the company’s for instance if NNPC companies is dealing on a particular material with another enterprisers within the same location that transaction of business will be very effective because they will be get thing and giving information to each other especially when there is any change in business world. More so, if a customer of a particular company wants to get any information about another company without going to the company, it does so by going through there system in the office. So, with the information now it does not need to be looking the company since he has known the location

Again, a company has to have the names of their client/ customers with their addresses and phone number register in their system so that if they want to get an information pertaining to a particular person, they do not have to start searching through a large number of complementary cards or files.

 

1.1 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The project is proposed to address the issue of solving the problem of directory transactions among the business premises, which usually causes a greater delay by using large number of complementary cards and letter within Enugu city. So in this case, the computer is…

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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM FOR A HOTEL INDUSTRY

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A COMPUTERIZED
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING SYSTEM FOR A HOTEL INDUSTRY
(A CASE STUDY OF MODOTEL HOTEL, OKPARA AVENUE, ENUGU)

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COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

WITH SOFTWARE FOR UNDERGRADUATE COST 20,000 NAIRA

A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED ON OUR WEBSITE COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
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Enter Amount

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ABSTRACT
The importance of financial accounting is gradually being recognized as germane to prudent management of any business firm. This has necessitated the need for the computerization of structured operations of the financial managers structured operations are known with certainly for instance, the computation and decisions based on financial ratios.
This project, therefore is a case study of Modotel Hotel. It describes the computerization of the financial accounting of the hotel as packaged for its clients. Thus this study gives a detailed methods for the development of an optimal financial database for hotel industry as well as the software required for the computation and tabulation of different financial ratios.

ORGANIZATION OF WORK
This work is sub-divided into seven chapters, starting with chapter one, chapter one shows the problem and its setting. Purpose of study, aims and objectives, scope and limitation assumptions and definition of terms.
The second chapter deals with literature review. Third chapter was concerned with description and analysis of existing system.
Chapter four was concerned with the design of the new system, system specification and information requirement of new system.
Chapter five deals with implementation of the system, sixth chapter deals with documentation, which is more or less, like a manual for the program.
Finally, the seventh chapter dealt summary, conclusion and recommendations.
The project work also have references for further study.

TABLE OF CONTENT
CHAPTER ONE
1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
1.2 AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
1.3 DELIMITATION OF SCOPE
1.4 LIMITATION
1.5 ASSUMPTION
1.6 DEFINITION OF TERMS

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW

CHAPTER THREE
3.0 DESCRIPTION AND ANALYSIS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.1 FACT FINDING METHODS
3.2 ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE
3.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM
3.4 INPUT, PROCESS AND OUTPUT ANALYSIS
3.5 INFORMATION FLOW DIAGRAM
3.6 PROBLEM OF THE EXISING SYSTEM
3.7 JUSTIFICATION FOR THE NEW SYSTEM

CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 DESIGN OF THE NEW SYSTEM
4.1 OUTPUT SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN
4.2 INPUT SPECIFICATION AND DESIGN
4.3 FILE DESING
4.4 SYSTEM FLOWCHART
4.5 PROCEDURE CHART
4.6 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 IMPLEMENTATION
5.1 PROGRAM DESIGN
5.2 PROGRAM FLOW CHART
5.3 PSEUDO CODES
5.4 SOURCE PROGRAM
5.5 TEST RUN

CHAPTER SIX
6.0 DOCUMENTATION

CHAPTER SEVEN
RECOMMENDATION AND CONCLUSION
REFERENCE
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
Finance is the life wire of any business organization. It is required for the execution of production, sales and administration of a business operation. As a discipline, finance is concerned with the acquisition and administration of the use of the firms funds as well as profit planning and control financial analysis is inevitable for the effective planning and control of any firm.
To effectively plan for the future, the financial manager should be able to asses the financial position of the firm and relates this to its confronting investment opportunities. Since funds are scarce, financial analysis helps the financial manager to assess the returns on investment accruing from ploughing the firms assets and thereby efficiently allocate resources.
However, financial accounting is the employment of the firms balance sheet and income statement to establish some relationship between one figute and another in order to highlight the strengths and weakness of the concerned business. The balance sheet of a firm is also called the financial position because it shows the position of the business in monetary term at a given point in time while the income statement show how the position depicted by the balance sheet has been attained. The results of financial analysis are normally expressed as financial ratios which could be broadly classified as liquidity, leverage, activity and profit ratio. The suppliers of the firm’s funds and the investing public are usually interested in these ratios. But the nature of interest expressed on the firm determines the ratios to be emphasized by each concerned parts. This implies that different people emphasize on different ratios and as a result financial analysis means different thing to different people.
For instance, creditors are interested on those ratios which measure the ability of the form to service their debts and pay the principal as and when due while the equity owners are interested on the profitability ratios. The financial manager occupies a unique position in the firm as he should be able to computer interpret and explain these ratios to various interest groups in the firm when the firm requires funds from outside sources, the financial manager should be able to use the relevant ratio to convince investors to supply their funds. Also the financial manager should be able to justify the reasonableness of some investment or project being under taken by management before the shareholders.
However, the cost involved in the employment of a financial manager makes it mandatory for small-scale companies to engage the services of a financial consultants. The increased use of high-speed computers in various facets of business should popularize the use of financial ratios in business decision. This is because computer would provide the necessary equipment to handle problems associated with voluminous maze of financial data due to lack of time or more.
This study therefore, aims at the development of a data base for financial statements and a set of programs to computer, store and retrieve various financial ratios for some companies.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
The Nigeria companies act of 1968 stipulate that all registered companies in Nigeria should file their audited annual balance sheet this will guide the investors in the development of the funds and to provide basis for company taxation. But there are some problems facing the financial accounting of any hotel. These problems includes:-
1. Illegal use of money cards – some managers has taken the privilege of using both credit and debit cards to steal companies money and some do not know how to use this cards thereby causing problems to the hotels.
2. One of the major loopholes of an un-computerized financial accounting system is its ability to fraud a company. This poses a problem to the management of a hotel.
3. Some companies employ inexperienced managers who are not professionals in the field of computing and this will restrict the objectives of the

Design And Implementation Of Computerized Hospital Space Management Information System

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF COMPUTERIZED HOSPITAL SPACE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM

 

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COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

WITH THE SOFTWARE 30,000 NAIRA

. A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED ON OUR WEBSITE COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:

 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447

First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

 

CALL Help Desk ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

 

 

ABSTRACT

This project work which is conducted to meet the stipulation of the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE) for the award of National Diploma in computer Science deals with the application of computer in Hospital Administration and Records with respect given to ESUT Teaching Hospital Enugu. It focuses attention on computering the existing manual record system.
CHAPTER ONE of the work introduced the topic with sub-heading like: Background of the study, statement of the problem, objective of the study and definition of terms.
CHAPTER TWO deals with related writ-ups of the topic and it related argument made by perfinent authority.
CHAPTER THREE describes and analyses the current system as well as the facts finding method used.
CHAPTER FOUR deals with the design of the new system it describes both the input and output specification of the system.
CHAPTER FIVE deals with implementation of a new system it also specifies system conversion procedure.
CHAPTER SIX provide an overview of system documentation. It also state the deal of program finally.
CHAPTER SEVEN provide an over all conclusion and specification some valuable recommendation.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction

  • Background of the study
  • Statement of program
  • Purpose of study
  • Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO

Review of related of Literature

 

CHAPTER THREE

Description of Current System

  • Background information
  • General description of the exist system
  • Facts finding method used
  • Organizational Structure
  • Objective of the Existing System
  • Input, process, and Output Analysis
  • Information Flow Chart
  • Problems of Current System
  • Justification of New System

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DESIGN OF THE NEW SYSTEM

  • Design Standard
  • Output Specification and Design
  • Input Specification and Design.
  • File Design
  • Procedure Chart
  • System Flow Chart
    • Explanation of System Flow Chart
  • System Requirement

 

CHAPTER FIVE

IMPLEMENTATION

  • Progaram Design
  • Program Flow Charts
  • (PSEUDOCODE)
  • System Convension
  • Source Program
  • Test Run
    • Test Date
    • Sample Report

CHAPTER SIX

  • System Description
  • Program Description
  • User Guide

 

CHAPTER SEVEN

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

  • Conclusion
  • Recommendation

BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDIX

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

The diverse sectors of the economy are fast growing for which the medical and health care professions are no exceptions. Being that these professions are in the increase day-by-day and they are lots of jobs done just to improve the services rendered to patients that visits the hospital, the need for the application of computers in this particular profession should not be overemphasized.

In fact, apart from food and national defiance, we spend more money on medical and health-care services than on any other single services since “Health is wealth” and we as patients expects the very best from our Doctors. All these expectations have been in place ever before but are more realistic today. Perhaps, the most significant factor effecting this shift lies in the eventual development of computers.

Computerization is the use of computers and computerized devices factories, offices and other working places to perform automatically tasks previously done by human beings. This computer – based system is of great importance to the growth and survival of the various sectors of the government especially in Hospital where lives are saved.

It is therefore, the aim of this project work to introduce. The computer-based information system in Hospital administration and record system. The principal reason for the introduction of computer in this project id to improved patient case through patient medical records keeping and this is achieved through computerization. ESUT TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU as the case study of this project work. The project will examine and investigate the already existing method of manual processing of medical records in this Hospital. The projects work will also suggest the most modern method of records system for the overall administration of the Hospital.

 

1.1     HOSPITAL BACKGROUND OF THE CASE STUDY

Enugu State University of Science and Technology Teaching Hospital (ESUT TEACHING HOSPITAL ENUGU) ESUT Teaching Hospital Enugu which the case study of this project came into existence on the 25 day of August 2004, through the effort of Governor Chimaroke Nnamani, who established. The hospital provide qualitative Health care services but maintains that they do not just heal mere physical illness which attacks the human body, but a much deeper and holistic healing of the entire human person. Therefore ESUT Teaching Hospital is not just and “Ordinary” Hospital where patients come to receive medical treatment to heal their ailing body only.

The diverse nature of the cases treated by the hospital, coupled with the fact that they consistent effort they make to develop their service areas and acceptable standard. These service areas include all the wards (medical and surgical for male and female, pediatrics, chest unit and the maternity section as a whole. Other departments are out patient department (OPD), laboratory department, pharmacy department, central sterding and supply department (C.S.S.D) X-RAY department community medicine and the mobile clinic, theatre department. The roles of these departments are complementary and depict what they call team-work in patient management, the patient always beings at the center.

The Hospital since its establishment has demonstrated a very keen interest in the staff recruitment and development of highly skilled and very dependable medical and paramedical personnel. Presently, their work force stands at 460.

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Many problems are encountered with the manual method of handling files. It is quite unfortunate that ESUT Teaching Hospital. In spite of her large medical service and recognition still keep her records manually.

The problems associated with this manual system include time wastage, ineffective use of statistical Data, Duplication of efforts in records keeping. Delay in decision making, it requires a lot of clerical efforts inability to cope up with daily work load. Slow in responding the queries / enquires, Rodents records. A lot of human mistakes, lack of confidentiality of files and high cost of stationary.

            In the light of the above problems, this project is aimed at devising a system that will eradicate these problems and improve

Car fault detection and control management system

Car fault detection and control management system

 

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COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

WITH THE SOFTWARE 20,000 NAIRA

. A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED ON OUR WEBSITE COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:

 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447

First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

 

CALL Help Desk ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

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ABSTRACT,

Car fault detection is a complicated process and requires high level of expertise. Any attempt of developing an expert system dealing with car fault detection has to overcome various difficulties. This project describes a proposed knowledge-based system for car fault detection. The project explains the need for an expert system and the some issues on developing knowledge-based systems, the car fault detection process and the difficulties involved in developing the system. The system structure and its components and their functions are described. The system has some rules for different types of faults and causes. It can detect many types of faults. The system has been tested and gave promising results. The programming language employed in this work was visual Basic 6.0.

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study

Expert systems (ES) are a branch of artificial intelligence (AI), and were developed by the AI community in the mid-1960s. An expert system can be defined as “an intelligent computer program that uses knowledge and inference procedures to solve problems that are difficult enough to require significant human expertise for their solutions”. We can infer from this definition that expertise can be transferred from a human to a computer and then stored in the computer in a suitable form that users can call upon the computer for specific advice as needed. Then the system can make inferences and arrive at a specific conclusion to give advices and explains, if necessary, the logic behind the advice. ES provide powerful and flexible means for obtaining solutions to a variety of problems that often cannot be dealt with by other, more traditional and orthodox methods. The terms expert system and knowledge-based system (KBS) are often used synonymously. The four main components of KBS are: a knowledge base, an inference engine, a knowledge engineering tool, and a specific user interface. Some of KBS important applications include the following: medical treatment, engineering failure analysis, decision support, knowledge representation, climate forecasting, decision making and learning, and chemical process controlling. Previous work has shown that systems concerned with car fault detection were very limited. Jeff Pepper (1990) has described a proposed expert system for car fault diagnosis called SBDS, the Service Bay Diagnostic System. SBDS is being developed by a joint project team at Ford Motor Company, the Carnegie Group, and Hewlett Packard. SBDS’s knowledge base will contain the expertise of Ford’s top diagnosticians, and it will make their diagnostic skills available to mechanics in every Ford dealership in North America. This system will guide a human technician through the entire service process, from the initial customer interview at the service desk to the diagnosis and repair of the car in the garage.

There are a lot of related expert systems in the literature concerned with diagnostic problems. Daoliang et al. presents a web-based expert system for fish disease diagnosis. The system is now is use by fish farmers in the North China region. Yu Qian et al. proposed an expert system for real-time failure diagnosis of complex chemical processes.

 

1.2    Statement of the Problem

The proposed system divides car failures into three major types:

  1. Start-up state, problems that may occur when a person try to start up the car, for example; engine does not work, some sounds noticed, engine works ones and stops. These problems could be due to one or more failures; will happen, the battery needs to be recharged, the dynamo is dead, or the battery is dead.
  2. Run-stable state, problems that may occur after starting the car, for example; unburned fuel, cycle on-off, blue gas emitted.
  3. Movement-state, problems that may occur while the car is moving; this state also includes problems related to the brake system. Most of movement problems that might occur appears on the car’s tableau the proposed system takes advantage of these facilities and use them to diagnose the problem and to gives advice of the solution to the driver. Some of these problems are: oil pressure, water temperature, voltage, and fuel pointer.

 

1.3       Objectives of the Project

The main objective of the research is to develop Car Failure and Malfunction Diagnosis Assistance System. The aim of the proposed system is to provide quick and precise expert guidance to car fault diagnosis. Additionally, for training purposes, it helps in reducing the knowledge gap between different individuals in car fault diagnosis. The specific objectives of the research are as follows:

  • To investigate the related works on car fault and malfunction diagnosis and Expert System (ES) domains.
  • To design appropriate representation architecture to the proposed Car Failure and Malfunction Diagnosis Assistance System.
  • To develop an ES that supports the implementation of the proposed system’s functionality.
  • To test and validate the system’s performance.

 

1.4       Scope of the Project

The scope of the project covers the following:

  • Repairs of  Minor Faults in cars
  • Detecting the Cause of the problem
  • Suggest how to repair the car

1.5    Justification of the Project

Expert system is extensive computer programs capable of simulating the decisive activity of the experts in solving very complicated task which are rather strictly problem oriented.

Generally, the proposed system can help inexperienced mechanic or driver in diagnosing the fault of the car. In addition, the system has the following benefit:

1.       Prevent the loss of customer and income. If mechanic’s repair shop                   makes a wrong diagnosis, the customer will be reluctant to come        back to the repair shop. With this system, the situation can be avoided.

2.       As a tool for training inexperienced mechanic.

3.       Improve productivity. Having this system may allow mechanic to do       more work in less time.

4.       Help improving knowledge driver in diagnosing the fault of car.

5.       Reduce the need for skilled mechanic. The repair of car requires a   high level of expertise. With this system, inexperienced mechanic can        be guided to find the fault.

6.       Be able to work without stopping. As a human, expert mechanic will       be tired if he works continuously.

1.6      Limitations

This project covers all aspect of expert system on car fault detection and correction. Due to time and financial constraint, the software developed was tested using few types of car fault..

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF ONLINE CASH RECEIPT GENERATION SYSTEM FOR A SUPERMARKET

(A CASE STUDY OF ROBAN STORES LTD)

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COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

WITH THE SOFTWARE 30,000 NAIRA

. A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED ON OUR WEBSITE COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

 

CALL Help Desk ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

 

ABSTRACT

This project work, is a computerization of cash receipt system of an organization. It entails maintaining database files of different sources of receipt whose scope and limitation are based on.

Sales and purchases Receipts/Invoices inquiry on Total Balance and generation of report.

But before we venture into that, attention should be drawn to the introductory part, the literature review and later the analysis of the existing system and the design of the new system.

Since, there is constrain in time, this project will not go on exhaustive treatment of every expected module, rather will represent only sales and purchases receipt modules with two other operational modules subset of the broad menu.

Nevertheless, there is provision for onward development of those expected modules and for other sources of receipts and other operations to suit any organization.

It is not the intention here to treat each module separately hence the entire project is menu driven to cover some of the facilities present.

Lastly, it is an optimistic fact that after going through the text, one would be able to

  1. Know what is achieved
  2. Having a clear knowledge of the project organization in relation to other sources and problems.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                      1

1.1     Justification of the project                                             2

1.2     Purpose of the study                                                     3

1.3     Statement of the problem                                                        3

1.4     Scope of the project                                                       4

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                                    6

CHAPTER THREE

Description and analysis of the existing system                      8

3.1     Introduction                                                                   8

3.2     Definition of System Analysis                                       8

3.3     Data Gathering                                                              9

3.4     Preliminary Report                                                                  12

3.5     Analysis of Data                                                           14

CHAPTER FOUR

Design of the new system                                                        22

4.1     Design Phase                                                                 22

4.2     Top Down Approach                                                   23

4.3     Design Particulars                                                                  23

4.4     System Specifications                                                   26

CHAPTER FIVE

Implementation                                                                       32

Introduction                                                                                      32

CHAPTER SIX

5.1     Documentation                                                              35

5.2     Constraint (limitation)                                                   35

CHAPTER SEVEN

Recommendation and Conclusion                                           37

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0     INTRODUCTION

          Cash receipt generating system is a viable source in any business organization and ventures and so on, its main purpose is to maintain a more reliable records of money coming into the organization firm and money going out from the firm. This is look upon the view that the business organization must have that exchange market with each other. It is a sore fact that the most have been a contract of which, there is an obligatory task that stands the terms of agreement it could be a payment to their client or partners or from their client who pays into their own account. Another thing matters weather it will be cash without remark balance or install mental and how many installment it is going to be.

This is clearly stated in the organization activities and manner of operation. When ever there is payment, there is also the issuing of receipts this is centered on the writing of what each party has in stock.

 

 

1.1     JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT

          For there to be a computerized business operation, the business most be look upon in new way of existence. No only being concerned with customers, prices output and so forth one should also consider the fact that data forms, information flows, procedures etc. it is momentous on the basic fact that computers are used as a coexisting element to information systems. This application is effective and productive because it enhances to process a more better information system (Automated)

On this work, we shall basically lok upon the possibility of making the outline orderly model of designing effect changes. The process of changing system is systematic such that it is a repetitive process. It is a fact to say that every system has what is called life cycle especially information system. By reviewing and modifying them, we say. It is a system development cycle. The routine is always cyclical. It is on the system development that the familiar input processing output feedback pattern of all systems. The system development contains the output which consist of various organization information systems. The feedback components helps evaluate the effectiveness of the system in terms of changing requirements.

 

IN THE PROCESSING COMPONENTS WE HAVE THREE PARTS

System Analysis

System Design

System Implementation.

None of these parts can be considered apart from the other two. To be courtesy, I would say that the activities involved in system development is interlinked set.

 

1.2     DEFINITION OF PURPOSE

          The rate of accepting different sources of receipt by the topic of term paper into an organization keeping track of the files can at any time operates the organizations and clients financial report.

 

1.3     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Cash Receipt system of Rorban Stores LTD is to keep records of all receipts of purchases and sales made.

By so doing, they keep information concerning each transaction such as the name of client, address, data of transaction, description of goods. Quantity of goods, model number of the goods, the amount of the goods.

Inside this record the company can then know the financial reports of both the clients and the organization itself.

THE IMPACT OF THE INTRODUCTION OF THE COMPUTER

ON THE SECRETARIAL PROFESSION (A CASE STUDY OF SELECTED BANKS IN ENUGU METROPOLIS) 

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

WITH THE SOFTWARE 20,000 NAIRA

. A FRESH TOPIC NOT LISTED ON OUR WEBSITE COST 50,000 NAIRA ( UNDERGRADUATE) OR 100,000 FOR SECOND DEGREE STUDENTS. $500. PLUS  FREE SUPPORT UNTIL YOU FINISH YOUR PROJECT WORK. CONTACT US TODAY, WE MAKE A DIFFERENT. DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.  DESIGN AND WRITING IS OUR SKILLED.

Note: our case study can be change to suit your desire location . we are here for your success.

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANKER SECURITY GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 2 HOURS

 

CALL OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834.

AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO

08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

 

 

 

 

          TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

Introduction                                                                                      1

Background of the study                                                         1

1.1            Statement of problem                                                    5

1.2            Purpose of the Study                                                     6

1.3            Research Questions                                                       7

1.4            Significance of the study                                                         8

1.5            Delimitation of the study                                                         9

1.6            Definition of terms                                                                  10

CHAPTER TWO

Literature review                                                                     12

2.1            Perspective on Computer                                                        12

2.2            Computer and organizational output/productivity                  18

2.3            Computer and workload                                                         25

2.4            Computer and workers health                                       29

2.5            Computer and redundancy                                            30

2.6            Synthesis of literature                                                    39

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology                                                            40

3.1            Area of Study                                                                40

3.2            Research design                                                             41

3.3            Population                                                                     41

3.4            Sample and sampling technique                                              42

3.5            Instrument for data collection                                        43

3.6            Method of gathering and Administering of data            43

3.7            Validation of research                                                    43

3.8            Method of data analysis                                                43

CHAPTER FOUR

Data presentation                                                                    44

CHAPTER FIVE

Summary of findings, conclusion,

And recommendation                                                              51

5.1            Summary of findings                                                     51

5.2            Conclusion                                                                     52

5.3            Recommendations                                                                   52

5.4            Suggestion topics for further research                                     54

5.5            Limitation                                                                      54

Bibliography                                                                           55

Questionnaire

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

 

The degree to which computer is used in offices has been of serious concern to secretarial profession. This study investigated the impact of the introduction of the computer on the secretarial profession and how the secretarial react to the introduction of computer.

In order to arrive at a conclusive decision on the above objective, the researcher carried out a library research, interviews and questionnaires.

The populations of this study consisted of hundred secretaries in some selected banking institutions namely; First Bank of Nigeria Plc, Okpara Avenue, Union Bank of Nigeria Plc, Uwani and Abakpa Nike  Community Banking Limited. Questionnaire and Oral interview were used to collect data.

The statistical tools used are average and percentage. When the data was analyzed, it was found that secretaries do not react adversely to the introduction of computer in their offices, computer have created new skills for the secretary and have added some spices to their work. With the acquisition of such skills, secretaries are now seen as indispensable tool in the office, thus giving them good professional status. And it was recommended that secretaries should develop attitudes and learning skills that would enable them to take advantage of new opportunity.

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

Today, the business world  is  undergoing  far-reaching

Technological revolution due to  the  advancement  in  science. For all types of organizations to  succeed  in  today’s  rapidly  changing environment, they  need  to  be  able  to  be  process  data   and information  effectively.

 

In conducting them  day  to day  operations  organization  use  information  for  functions  such  as  planning, controlling, directing,  organizing  and  diction  making.   Information therefore  is  unique actionably  a critical  resources  in  the  operations  of  all  organization  the  business men,  secretaries, students and  in  fact  everybody, would now readily see the indelible impact of modern technology on people lives.

 

In an organization, information moves from person, forms are completed, filed and received and individuals communicate variety of both simple and complex concepts. At the turn of the century most written information were complied by hand in pen and ink copies were made by hand and communicated was by letter, telegraph or in person.  Today most of the tedious functions related to information handling and processing are done through the computer.

For the secretaries, not only have their equipment changed, but also their administrative processes office routine management systems are similarly evolving into new forms.  Computers have replaced manual typewriters and electric typewriter while for machines replaced telex machines.  There are also different type of advanced communication gadget such as cellular phones, pager etc.  With this radical change, the secretaries are expected to change and be able to keep up with all these professional changes around them.  In accordance with the law of motion CHANGE is a constant phenomena.  If we look at the beginning of man to the present day, we would see that there had been tremendous change. If there had not occurred, man would have remained primitive hill today.  Change is a challenge and if we abide by change, it brings out the best in us thereby leading to erroneous progress.

The first office automatic machine were introduced 1930 and used paper rolls later paper tape as a form of memory.  BY the 1960s the international business machine (IBM) had introduced the selective go If ball typewriter which allows the typist to change the print element, the go If – ball to provide a different type font (character design and sign) another break through was the introduction of IBM’s magnetic tape selective typewriter.  This was followed by the introduction of a visual display unit (VDU) this allows the typist to see what I happening to the text as if being tyed amended and stored, but before it I being committed to paper or printed out.  In fact, electronic systems are now possible that they can sense absorbs store, categorize ponder, very high quantity.  Yet with greater accuracy, speed and reliability.  Coventry, (1981) indicated that Recent development of the micro processor, founded on the silicon chips has potentials likely to have a vast social repercussion through out financial industry, for a simple chip take over a high proportion of today’s office job P.21.  When we refer to computer system, we refer to information and communication system which are necessary for the functioning of the office.  We assume that data processing and word-processing play a large role and also that human system under lie these technical systems.  In an ideal situation therefore, the technology and the people function together harmoniously.

It is important to recognize that development and implementation of the computer is moving through several overlapping phases, each affecting differently.

In general, a distinction can be made between two classes of office workers.  The first are the information worker they are those who are involved in the routine entry, recording, storage and transmission of information, those who fall under this group of worker include – Typist, secretaries, clerks and data entry personal.

 

The second group are the knowledge works-this group aconite of those worker who create, interpret, analyze and utilize this information these knowledge worker can be divided into two (2) groups professional/technical employees and managers.

The main impact of the computer is simply to facilitate office operation as they are now being carried out.  For example the word professor replace the secretary’s type writers, the mini-computer replaces the clerk’s filing cabinets etc.  More recently professionals and secretaries have begun using personal computers and sophisticated calculators to speed up their work.  The timing of there development has largely been dictated by the emergence of the technology starting with the widespread introduction of word processor’s in the 1970’s, and it in the late 1970s and its legitimating as a business tool in 1981, with the introduction of the IBM P.C.

 

1.2            STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Up to the 190’s the use of the computer in this country was limited to very few multinational companies.  The secretary then had to contend with using manual and electric typewriters in performing her word processing function.

Furthermore storage and retrieval of information was by use of files, filing cabinets, index cards etc.  Accessing of other information had to be through telephone directories and other relevant specialized text meant for such purpose.

Many of the secretaries of the 80’s are still in employment. With the advent and widespread use of the computer are then wonders how these secretaries are adjusting to be new devices now prevalent in modern offices are they finding it easy or difficult?  Is the profession generally under threat by the introduction of the computer and the Internet?  What can be done to keep the secretary still relevant in to day’s modern business setting?  These and many more are what this research aims to find solutions for.

 

1.3            PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to thoroughly investigate on the impact of the introduction of the computer on the secretaries.

  1. How secretaries react or the attitude of secretaries towards the introduction of computers.
  2. To ascertain whether the introduction of computer has in any way improve the secretary’s work.
  3. To ascertain whether the introduction of computer has made it easy or difficult to adjust (especially the secretaries of the bank under investigation).
  4. To determine the problems encountered by secretaries in trying to adapt to changes in the nature of their work.
  5. To find out whether or not secretaries are involved in the planning and introduction of computers.

 

1.4            RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The research provided answers to the following research questions;

  1. How do secretaries react to the introduction of computer
  2. What problems are encountered by secretaries in trying to adapt to changes in the nature of their work.
  3. Are there orientation programmes in facilitating the adaptation to new changes of work
  4. Are secretaries involved in the planning and introduction of computers.