Category Archives: free project topics and materials in education

AN ASSESSMENT OF METHODS OF TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SELECTED NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS

AN ASSESSMENT OF METHODS OF  TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SELECTED  NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS

 

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

ABSTRACT

 

This study was carried out to find out An assessment of methods of

Teaching English language in selected Nigerian polytechnics. There are five (5) research questions formulated to guide this study. There are eighteen (18) secondary schools in Uzo-Uwani local government area of Enugu state. Out of these secondary schools, ten (10) schools were randomly selected through ballot method. In each of the ten (10) schools selected for the study, two (2) classes of SSII were randomly selected using ballot method; this implies that 440 students were selected for the study. Also six (6) English teachers were randomly selected in each schools used for the study through ballot method, this implies that sixty (60) English teachers were used for the study.

Statistic project topics and materials abstracts

The questionnaire was used to collect and analyze the data. The instrument were validated by three (3) experienced English lecturers and two (2) experts in measurement and evaluation all from the department of science and English education of Enugu State of Science and technology (ESUT), and the test-retest method was used to determine the reliability of the instrument. The data collected from the students were analyzed using the mean respondents’ scores.

 

The result showed that the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools are as follows; students have negative attitude towards the learning of English, students in English have very poor background, parents have negative attitude towards the learning of English, the learning environment are not well conducive for learning, most of the English teachers are not qualified. It also discussed the implication of the findings and finally recommendations were made to enhance students’ achievement in English.

Management project topics and materials samples


 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

Introduction                                                                                     1

Background of the Study                                                                            1

Statement of the Problem                                                                  6

Purpose of the Study                                                                        7

Significance of the Study                                                                            8

Scope of the Study                                                                                     9

Research Question                                                                                      10

 

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                                                      11

2.1     English Education                                                                   11

2.2     Academic Performance                                                            14

2.3     Factors that Contributes to Poor Academic Performance                 15

2.4     Quality of English Teachers                                                    15

2.5     Negative Attitude of Students of English                       20

2.6     Effective Use of Instructional Materials                                  22

2.7     Provision of English Laboratory                                             23

2.8     Recruitment of Qualified English Teachers                    24

2.9     Lack of Adequate Funding from Government                         25

2.10   Poor Students’ Background in English                                             27

2.11   Parental Related Factors                                                                   29

2.12   Unconducive School Environment                                          30

2.13   English Terminology                                                                         32

 

 

CHAPTER THREE              

3.0     Research Method                                                                     34

3.1     Research Design                                                                      34

3.2     Area of the Study                                                                    35

3.3     Population of the Study                                                          35

3.4     Sample and Sampling Techniques                                           36

3.5     Instrument for Data Collection                                                         36

3.6     Validation of the Instrument                                                   37

3.7     Reliability of the Instrument                                                    37

3.8     Method of Data Collection                                                      38

3.9     Method of Data Analysis                                                                  38

3.10   Decision Rule                                                                          39

 

free project topics and materials in education

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Presentation and Analysis of Data                                          40

4.1     Research Question 1                                                                40

4.2     Research Question 2                                                                42

4.3     Research Question 3                                                                44

4.4     Research Question 4                                                                46

4.5     Research Question 5                                                                48

 

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.0     Discussion of Findings, Conclusion, Implications

and Recommendations                                                                      50

5.1     Discussion of Findings                                                            50

5.2     Conclusion                                                                              52

5.3     Recommendations                                                                             54

5.4     Limitation of the Study                                                           55

5.5     Summary of the Study                                                            55

5.6     Suggestion for Further Study                                                  57

 

REFERENCES                                                                                 58

APPENDIX I                                                                                    63

APPENDIX II                                                                                   64

QUESTIONNAIRE                                                                          65

APPENDIX III                                                                                  70


 

CHAPTER ONE

                                         

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Education is an important sector which cannot be fun with any serious country, state, organization or individual and that is why an individual, organization or government uses every means to make sure a good education is provided for her citizens (Adibe, 2001)

 

 

The focus of this study is secondary school education. Secondary education is the stage following primary education. It is generally the final stage of compulsory education. In some country, it is a period of compulsory and a period of non-compulsory education. Secondary education is characterized by transition from the typically compulsory education to selective education for adult.

The content and philosophy of Nigeria education must reflect the past, present and drive into the future of Nigeria society in term of the role the individual is expected to play in the present national building process (Vision 20:2020)

 

 

Education is the best legacy given to a child; it is the producer of human capital. It is the truth of existence and centre of life. Every human-being depends on education for truthful, peaceful and wise co-existence. It has witnessed active participation by non-governmental agencies, communities and individual as well as government parastatals in order to bring education to the country. Education is an instrument for national development, it fosters on the worth and development of individual to be self-reliant, just and building egalitarian society (Federal Republic of Nigeria [FRN] 2004).

 

English is all embracing and all encompassing. In virtually all spheres of human endeavor, English was used as an aid in commerce farming and control of environment. English also proved it usefulness in areas of medicine, engineering, administration and aviation just mention but a few. This was when people felt incomplete without the basic knowledge of arithmetic.

English calls for adequate concentration and adequate practices. As learners are involved in these activities they develop interest and get motivated, which are well oriented, they enjoy and concentrate there on, no matter how complicated and involving activities maybe.

 

 

According to statistics, academic performance in English among secondary school students has bees on the decline since the end of civil war in 1970. The decline is mostly affecting secondary schools in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area.

The efforts of the Nigerian government in highlighting the importance of English study in schools by making it compulsory for all students and in addition to the efforts of English Association of Nigeria (MAN) towards the development of English, student still perform poorly in this subject in both internal and external examination.

 

 

Obodo (2004:18) highlighted on this by saying that “A teacher achieves this concentration by beginning the lesson in an officious manner with respect to awaking the interest of students and sustaining if through skillful instructional management. In most cases, teachers fall to observe this skillful instructional management and the obvious result is that the more the teacher teaches, the more confused the student will be and the deeper the aversion and fear for the subject”.

Children need to understand spoken and written expression which involves English and its communication means. They must be able to solve problems involving addition, subtraction, multiplication and division.

 

Consequently and currently in Nigeria, students are allowed to study some course on gaining admission into universities because of their poor performance in West African School Certificate Examination (WASCE) or National Examination Council (NECO). In consonance, this study will look into the lapses to the government, curriculum develops, textbooks, publisher, teachers and students, families and their members at large and others involved in the education sectors. The constraints in poor achievement in English, as an adage has it “A problem identified is halfway solved” it implies that knowing the constraints will be of immense help in solving it.

According to Leeichi (2007:41), “Learning is the human activity which least needs manipulation by others” this means that everybody is endowed with the ability to learn but an expert (a qualified teacher has to manipulate the endowment, otherwise it becomes disused). Teaching and learning of English is not exceptional.

 

 

Without effective teaching and learning of English there will be poor performance in English work. Considering the recovery and terrible failure of secondary school students in SSCE, the researcher was forced to ask; what are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning? Some of the pertinent questions often ask are: How widespread is the incident of poor external result among Nigerian students?

 

What is the role of the notation special center in the whole problem? And to what extent have the parent and teacher contributed to the factors militating against effective teaching and learning to student in public examination especially the one being conducted by WAEC and NECO?

 

Obodo (2004:14) opined that “A shortage of qualified English teachers will result to poor teaching and learning of English and consequently poor achievement and performance of students, which invariably will lead to the production of another generation of poor student achievers who will eventually turn-out to teach English poorly tomorrow”.

 

This illustrates that any student who develops phobia for English cannot learn well. English is a language of size and order. This explains why some students develop sudden fever whenever it is time for English lesson in a school.

According to National Policy on Education, stated by Obodo (2004), the aims and objectives of secondary education should be as follows:-

  • To provide necessary English background for further education
  • To stimulate and encourage creativity
  • To develop the ability to recognize problems and to solve them with related English knowledge
  • To develop precise, logical and abstract thinking
  • To develop computational skill
  • To generates interest in English and to provide a solid foundation for everyday living
  • To foster the desire and ability to be accurate to degree relevant to the problem at hand

From the above objectives of English, it became quite obvious that even the entire world

 

 

race depends on the knowledge of English to achieve it aim and objective. But with recurring and terrible failure among secondary school students in SSCE, how can this aim be achieved.

The focus of this study, the researcher wants to know the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools.

 

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

Okpara (2010) stated that over the years students have shown high rate of mass failure in English. He further stated that the problem of mass failure could be attributed on the quality of teaching in schools, saying that unless there was improvement in the teaching and learning in schools, there is little the examination body could do to salvage the already bad situation.

The government, parent, policy makers, English educators, English and different professional organization are bothered about what could be responsible for this factor militating against effective teaching and learning of English.

The researcher is worried about this unfortunate development and he asked, “What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools”?

 

 

1.3     PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The general purpose of this study is to determine the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools in Uzo-Uwani local government area of Enugu State.

Specifically, the study intends to find out the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools from:-

 

  • The attitude of students towards English
  • Poor foundation from primary English as inherited, affects students’ proficiency in secondary school English
  • Parent attitude
  • Learning environment
  • Quality of English teachers

 

1.4     SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

The result of this study will be beneficial to students, curriculum planners and developers, parents, textbook publishers, government, teachers.

The result will help students to re-direct their psychological feelings towards English. Also, education planners and policy makers will use the result of this study to proffer possible way for improving the academic factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools.

 

The result of this study will help the parent in providing the necessary materials needed for effective teaching and learning of English for their children so that they can develop interest in it.

The result of this study will help the government to provide instructional materials to secondary school students’ better performance.

The result of this study will aid English teachers to evaluate themselves and in turn improve upon their teaching method.

 

 

1.5     SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is limited to identifying the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools in Uzo-Uwani Local Government Area of Enugu State.

This study is limited to the attitude of students, poor foundation in primary English as inherited affects students’ proficiency in secondary school English, parent attitude, environment factors and qualities of English teachers.

 

 

1.6     RESEARCH QUESTION

The following research questions were formulated to guide the study:

  • What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools “from the attitude of students towards English”
  • What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools “from the foundation of English”
  • What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools “from the attitude of parents”
  • What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools “from the learning environment”
  • What are the factors militating against effective teaching and learning of English in secondary schools “from the English teachers”

 

AN ASSESSMENT OF METHODS OF  TEACHING ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN SELECTED  NIGERIAN POLYTECHNICS

 

THE EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY

THE EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

The formation of the Academic staff Union of Universities (INDUSTRIAL) in 1978 has brought about some changes in the academic systems of universities in Nigeria-both positive and negative. While a faction might see the activities of the union as a blessing, some see it as a curse to Nigerians and a channel to frustrate Nigerian students.

 

 

Through numerous Industrial actions such as  strike actions undertaken by the union to compel the government to meet the needs of public universities, lecturers and students, schools have been forced to shut down, academic calendars affected, and students have been frustrated as well as their parents. The union was active in struggles against the military regime during the 1980s. In 1988 the union organized a National Strike to obtain fair wages and university autonomy. As a result, the INDUSTRIAL was proscribed on 7 August 1988 and all its property seized. It was allowed to resume in 1990, but after another strike was again banned on 23 August 1992. However, an agreement was reached on 3 September 1992 that met several of the union’s demands including the right of workers to collective bargaining. The INDUSTRIAL organized further strikes in 1994 and 1996, protesting against the dismissal of staff by the Sani Abacha military regime.

 

 

Disruptions  in  academic  programs  serve  as  non-motivational  factor  to  the  students.  It discourages them  from  learning.  It  is  not  surprising  therefore  that  during  strike  actions,  most students  are  seen  involved  in  diverse  activities  such  as  sexual  immorality,  cyber  scam,  pool betting,  unnecessary  gossips,  watching  of  films  and  reading  comic  materials  for  entertainment purposes  rather  than  reading  their  books.  In the long run, they soon forget about academics and are no longer prepared for class activities which negatively affect their learning capability.

Odubela  (2012)  concluded  that  an  effective  learning  or  an  enhanced  academic  performance  is achieved by successful covering of the course outline timely and before the examination. This is rarely achieved with strike action in place. From the above review therefore, the researcher is of  the  view  that  disruption  in  academic  program  as  caused  by  strike  action  breeds disappointment, frustration, emotional  and psychological trauma, unpreparedness on the part of the students and  lack of motivation, which sum up to non conducive environment for effective learning in Nigerian universities; a situation that dampens human development.

 

 

However, little attention is given to the effects of INDUSTRIAL constant strikes on the academic performance of students in Nigerian universities. This study therefore intends to examine the series of INDUSTRIAL strikes and the direct effects it has on the students’ grade point average (GPA).

 

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 

University worldwide is regarded as the citadel of knowledge, the fountain of intellectualism, the most appropriate ground for the incubation of leaders of tomorrow. However, over the last thirty years in Nigeria, the University system has witnessed an unprecedented Industrial unrest and so many official assaults than other social institution.

Statistics from the National Universities Commission (2002) reveal that since 1992, INDUSTRIAL has  embarked  on  strikes  over  23  times  to  drive  home  its  demands.  As with all Industrial conflicts, strikes have significant wider social consequences.

Many have argued that those in authorities see universities as a burden and as institutions to be exploited and left desolate. To arrest the situation, INDUSTRIAL have went on Industrial actions several times with the recent one in 2013 lingering for more than 6 months. There  is  hardly  a  full  academic session that student and staff crises will not result in loss of studies, delayed graduation for students and economic waste for students, parents and the country as a whole.

However, little attention is given to the effects of INDUSTRIAL constant strikes on the academic performance of students in Nigerian universities. This study therefore intends to examine the series of INDUSTRIAL strikes and the direct effects it has on the students’ grade point average (GPA).

 

1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The main of the study is to examine the effect of INDUSTRIAL Strike on academic performance of undergraduates in Nigeria. Specific objectives of the study are:

1. To determine the relationship between INDUSTRIAL strike action and the level of academic performance of undergraduates.

2. To examine the effect of INDUSTRIAL strike actions on undergraduates’ academic performance.

3. To examine the role of the federal government in ensuring non-insistent of strike actions.

4. To examine the role of the society in ensuring smooth running of academic session.

5. To examine the effect of INDUSTRIAL strike on moral status of students.

 

 

1.4  RESEARCH QUESTION

Based on the above stated objectives the study shall answer this question;

1. Is there a relationship between INDUSTRIAL strike action and level of academic performance?

2. What are some of the effect of strike action on students’ academic performance?

3. What role does the federal government play in ensuring non-insistent strike action?

4. How can the society at large contribute to the smooth flow of academic session?

5. What effect does strike has on the moral status of students?

 

 

1.5 HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY

Ho: There is no significant relationship between INDUSTRIAL strike and academic performance of Undergraduates in Nigeria.

Hi: There is a significant relationship between INDUSTRIAL strike and academic performance of Undergraduates in Nigeria.

 

 

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

The importance of this study is to bring to the knowledge of the public; the effects of INDUSTRIAL strike actions on our educational system. The impact of strike on our secondary schools and the academic performance of the students by the academic staffs and the secondary schools in enhancing socio-economic and political development of the nation.

 

 

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study is limited to undergraduates of the Ekiti State University.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

INDUSTRIAL: Academic Staff Union of Universities.

Teaching: A process which bring about a relative change in behaviour over time in academic situation

Method: this is the procedure in which a goal can be achieved in teaching

Student: A person who is studying at a school or college

Teachers: A person who teaches (profession)

Strike: A time or period when work is not done because of disagreement over pay or working conditions

Academics: Teaching and studying in a college or schools subjects taught to provide skills for the mind rather than for the hand.

 

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once Will Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading THE EFFECT OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN EKITI STATE UNIVERSITY

STUDENTS SATISFACTION WITH LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN DISTANCE LEARNING UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA

STUDENTS SATISFACTION WITH LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN DISTANCE LEARNING UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1   BACKGROUND TO THE STUDIES

Distance learning, sometimes called e-learning, is a formalized teaching and learning system specifically designed to be carried out remotely by using electronic communication. Because distance learning is less expensive to support and is not constrained by geographic considerations, it offers opportunities in situations where traditional education has difficulty operating. Students with scheduling or distance problems can benefit, as can employees, because distance education can be more flexible in terms of time and can be delivered virtually anywhere (Wikipedia, 2015).

 

Studies indicate that distance learning can be as effective as the traditional format and even more satisfactory to students when the methods are appropriate to the teaching tasks, there is student-teacher interaction, and the teachers provide students with appropriate and timely feedback.Distance education has become widespread in the past 10 years. Universities and corporations are seeking to become involved in this ‘‘re-invented’’ form of education. The total enrollment in courses delivered through various forms of distance education between 1997 and 1998 has been estimated at 1.6 million students.

Higher education has become a booming business with annual revenues of 225 billion dollars in 1999. It appears that universities, corporations and governments are profiting from this new learning environment. Considering that more people are pursuing a second degree after earning a baccalaureate, and more full-time employees are seeking to advance their careers by taking training courses, it is important to investigate the level of student satisfaction with the learning environment as the market will continue to grow.

Student satisfaction is an important indicator of the quality of learning experiences (Moore & Kearsley, 1996; Yukselturk & Yildirim, 2008). It is worthwhile to investigate student satisfaction in distance learning settings because new technologies have altered the way that students interact with instructors and classmates (Kaminski, Switzer, & Gloeckner, 2009). The quality of interaction in distance learning settings may depend to a large extent on the technology tools utilized during learning (Parsad & Lewis, 2008). Lack of confidence in using information and communication technology (ICT) may decrease students’ satisfaction during distance learning instruction and in turn lower their performance. As opposed to face-to-face instruction, the nature of distance learning demands greater responsibility on the part of learners (Moore & Kearsley, 1996). Distance learners who are unable to regulate learning efficiently are unlikely to be satisfied (Artino, 2007; Puzziferro, 2008).

However, learning environment studies remain positivistic in nature with the use of instruments to measure the learners’ perceptions and then imposing guidelines for the development of the learning environment though various support elements have been suggested by authors (Walker, 2002, Jegede, Fraser & Fisher, 1998)

In this study, distance learning environment signifies a networked environment where learning activities occur while the instructor and the learner are separated by location and/or time. The researcher will investigate the level of student’s satisfaction with the learning environment in Distance learning.

 

 

 

1.2   STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 

Reasons why some students lose interest in a class has been at the center stage of discussion in the recent times.  Given the potential for the introduction of quality deficiency when instituting these new technologies used in distance learning programs, it becomes imperative to monitor and report actual outcomes of the use of such technologies. This study addresses these outcomes of the use of technologies in distance learning from the students’ perspective ion terms of satisfaction.

Past studies have examined attributes associated with student satisfaction. However, the attributes examined in each of these studies have been limited. Previous literature has focused upon one or two components of satisfaction, whereas the literature suggests there are a multitude of variables affecting satisfaction and additional variables associated with satisfaction in distance learning environment. Since the Internet and the use of ICT technology is employed in the course structure of distance learning, additional problems may arise ranging from student’s perception of the technology as assisting or impeding the learning process. However the researcher will find out the determinants of student satisfaction in a distance learning environment and determine their level of satisfaction with such environment.

 

 

1.3   OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The following are the objectives of this study:

  1. To ascertain the level of student’s satisfaction with the learning environment in distance learning Universities in Nigeria.
  2. To examine the determinants of students satisfaction in a distance learning environment.
  3. To analyze the factors that can enhance students satisfaction in a distance learning university.

 

1.4   RESEARCH QUESTIONS

  1. What is the level of student’s satisfaction with the learning environment in distance learning Universities in Nigeria?
  2. What are the determinants of student’s satisfaction in a distance learning environment?
  3. What are the factors that can enhance students satisfaction in a distance learning university?

1.5   HYPOTHESISHO: Students are not satisfied with the learning environment in distance learning university in Nigeria.HA: Students are satisfied with the learning environment in distance learning university in Nigeria.

 

 

1.6   SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The following are the significance of this study:

  1. This study will be useful for policy makers in education sector on the challenges faced by students that is associated with the learning environment in distance learning universities. This will also prepare students to cope with any challenges faced as a result of the gap created by the distance between the lecturer and the students.
  2. This research will also serve as a resource base to other scholars and researchers interested in carrying out further research in this field subsequently, if applied, it will go to an extent to provide new explanation to the topic.

 

1.7   SCOPE/LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

The scope of this study on student’s satisfaction with learning environment in distance learning universities in Nigeria will cover all the situations related to the learning environment faced by the students of distance learning universities in Nigeria which will be assessed based on the student’s level of satisfaction.

 

LIMITATION OF STUDY

Financial constraint– Insufficient fund tends to impede the efficiency of the researcher in sourcing for the relevant materials, literature or information and in the process of data collection (internet, questionnaire and interview).

Time constraint– The researcher will simultaneously engage in this study with other academic work. This consequently will cut down on the time devoted for the research work.

 

 

1.8   DEFINITION OF TERMS

 

Student: a person who is studying at a university or other place of higher education

Learning Environment: refers to the diverse physical locations, contexts, and cultures in which students learn. Since students may learn in a wide variety of settings, such as outside-of-school locations and outdoor environments, the term is often used as a more accurate or preferred alternative to classroom, which has more limited and traditional connotations—a room with rows of desks and a chalkboard, for example.Satisfaction: fulfillment of one’s wishes, expectations, or needs, or the pleasure derived from this.Distance: make (someone or something) far off or remote in position or nature.

 

 

REFERENCES

Artino, A. R. (2007). Online military training: Using a social cognitive view of motivation and self-regulation to understand students’ satisfaction, perceived learning, and choice.

Quarterly Review of Distance Education, 8(3), 191-202.Jegede, O., Fraser, B. J., & Fisher, D. L. (1998). The Distance and Open Learning Environment Scale: Its development, validation and use.

Paper presented at the 69th Annual Meeting of the National Association for Research in Science Teaching, San Diego, CA.Kaminski, K., Switzer, J., & Gloeckner, G. (2009). Workforce readiness: A study of university students’ fluency with information technology. 

Computers & Education, 53(2), 228-233.Moore, M. G., & Kearsley, G. (1996). Distance education: A systems view. New York, NY: Wadsworth.Parsad, B., & Lewis, L. (2008). Distance education at degree-granting postsecondary institutions: 2006-07. Retrieved from http://nces.ed.gov/pubs2009/2009044.pdf

Puzziferro, M. (2008).Online technologies self-efficacy and self-regulated learning as predictors of final grade and satisfaction in college-level online courses. American Journal of Distance Education, 22(2), 72-89.

Walker, S. (2002). Measuring distance education psychosocial environment. Retrieved 22 January, 2003 from http://www.eaglenest.com/~swalker/publications/TCC_2002/Wikipedia (2015): www.wikipedia.comYukselturk, E., & Yildirim, Z. (2008).

Investigation of interaction, online support, course structure and flexibility as the contributing factors to students’ satisfaction in an online certificate program.Educational Technology & Society, 11(4), 51-65.

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading STUDENTS SATISFACTION WITH LEARNING ENVIRONMENT IN DISTANCE LEARNING UNIVERSITIES IN NIGERIA

INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

 

CHAPTER TWO

1.0 INTRODUCTION

This chapter gives an insight into various studies conducted by outstanding researchers, as well as explained terminologies with regards to the Influence of Industrial Actions on Academic Performance of Students.

The chapter also gives a resume of the history and present status of the problem delineated by a concise review of previous studies into closely related problems.

2.1 REVIEW OF RELATED CONCEPTS AND VARIABLES

This section reviews various concepts and terminologies related to the study as well as a critical definition of both the dependent and independent variables used for the purpose of the study.

2.1.1 Academic Performance

Students’ learning can be evaluated in many different ways, but in a developing country like Nigeria where about 40 percent of the adult population are illiterate, parents use the performance of their children in public examinations to pass judgement on the schools and teachers. To them, the logic is a simple one. The schools are supposed to be staffed by good teachers and supplied adequate facilities and instrumental materials. It is the responsibility of government to ensure through such provisions and regular inspection or supervision that effective teaching and learning go on in the schools. The task of parents is to send children to school and pay whatever fees and levies are charged by the institutions. Though many parents acknowledge shortages of funds, teachers and infrastructures in the schools and their own inability to buy all

the required books and other learning materials for their wards, yet they strongly believe that if the students perform badly in their examinations, the teachers and administrators have not done their job well and should take most of the blame.

Unfortunately, there are many factors that help to determine the academic performance of students. However, the level of education and awareness of many parents does not enable them to participate in such complex theoretical arguments or discussions. For such parents and the general public, the students’ performances in recent times give cause for ala-m and school authorities more than the students themselves are being accused of lack of dedication, declining productivity and even mindlessness. Nevertheless, the students have not been doing well, and the situation is not improving.

2.1.2 The Concept of Poor Academic Performance

Poor academic performance accord to Aremu (2000) is a performance that is adjudged by the examinee/testee and some other significant as falling below an expected standard. The interpretation of this expected or desired standard is better appreciated from the perpetual cognitive ability of the evaluator of the performance. The evaluator or assessor can therefore give different interpretations depending on some factors.

Bakare (2004) described poor academic performance as any performance that falls below a desired standard. The criteria of excellence can be from 40 to 100 depending on the subjective yardstick of the evaluator or assessor. For example, a 70% performance of University Students in an exam can judged to be an excellent performance and by all standard a very good performance. However, a cursory look at the performance and the individual examined and the standard of the examination he or she took could reveal that the performance is a very poor one. On the other hand, a Level 200 Accounting student’s performance of 37% in  business mathematics can e said to be a poor performance. When in actual fact, the performance is by all standards a very good one. This shows that the concept of poor academic performance is very relative and this depends on so many intervening variables.

2.1.3 Factors That Affect Academic Performance of Students

A number of studies have been carried out to identify and analyse the numerous factors that affect academic performance in various centres of learning. Their findings identify students’ effort, previous schooling (Siegfried & Fels, 1979; Anderson & Benjamin, 1994), parents’ education, family income (Devadoss & Foltz, 1996), self motivation, age of student, learning preferences (Aripin, Mahmood, Rohaizad, Yeop, & Anuar, 2008), class attendance (Romer, 1993), and entry qualifications as factors that have a significant effect on the students’ academic performance in various settings. The utility of these studies lies in the need to undertake corrective measures that improve the academic performance of students, especially in public funded institutions. The throughput of public-funded institutions is under scrutiny especially because of the current global economic downturn which demands that governments improve efficiency in financial resource allocation and utilization.

 

 

2.1.3.1 Students’ learning preferences

A good match between students’ learning preferences and instructor’s teaching style has been demonstrated to have positive effect on student’s performance (Harb & El-Shaarawi, 2006). According to Reid (1995), learning preference refers to a person’s “natural, habitual and preferred way” of assimilating new information.

This implies that individuals differ in regard to what mode of instruction or study is most effective for them. Scholars, who promote the learning preferences approach to learning, agree that effective instruction can only be undertaken if the learner’s learning preferences are diagnosed and the instruction is tailored accordingly (Pashler, McDaniel, Rohrer, & Bjork, 2008). “I hear and I forget. I see and I remember. I do and I understand.” (Confucius 551-479 BC) – a quote that provides evidence that, even in early times, there was a recognition of the existence of different learning preferences among people. Indeed, Omrod (2008) reports that some students seem to learn better when information is presented through words (verbal learners), whereas others seem to learn better when it is presented in the form of pictures (visual learners). Clearly in a class where only one instructional method is employed, there is a strong possibility that a number of students will find the learning environment less optimal and this could affect their academic performance. Felder (1993) established that alignment between students’ learning preferences and an instructor’s teaching style leads to better recall and understanding. The learning preferences approach has gained significant mileage despite the lack of experimental evidence to support the utility of this approach.

There are a number of methods used to assess the learning preferences/styles of students but they all typically ask students to evaluate the kind of information presentation they are most at ease with.

 

 

2.1.3.2 Industrial Actions, Class attendance and academic performance

In his widely cited paper, Romer (1993) is one of the first few authors to explore the relationship between student attendance and exam performance. A number of factors have contributed to declining class attendances around the world in the last 15 years. The major reasons given by students for non-attendance include industrial actions by teachers, assessment pressures, poor delivery of lectures, timing of lectures, and work commitments (Newman-Ford, Lloyd & Thomas, 2009). In recent times, students have found a need to seek employment while studying on a part-time basis due to financial constraints. The numbers of part-time and mature students has also risen sharply. The use of information technology also means that information that used to be obtained from sitting through lectures can be obtained at the click of a mouse.

 

Indeed, web-based learning approaches have become the order of the day. Given all these developments that either make it impossible or unnecessary for students to attend classes, the question that needs to be asked is whether absenteeism affects students’ academic performance. Research on this subject seems to provide a consensus that students who miss classes perform poorly compared to those who attend classes (Devadoss & Foltz, 1996; Durden & Ellis, 1995; Romer, 1993; Park & Kerr, 1990; Schmidt, 1983). Based on these findings a number of stakeholders have called for mandatory class attendance. Although the existing evidence points to a strong correlation between attendance and academic performance, none of the studies cited above demonstrate a causal effect. The inability of these cross-sectional studies to isolate attendance from a myriad of confounding student characteristics (e.g. levels of motivation, intelligence, prior learning, and time-management skills) is a major limiting factor to the utility of these findings (Rodgers & Rodgers, 2003).

 

 

2.1.3.3 Other determinants of academic performance

The influence of age and gender on academic performance has been investigated in a number of studies with widely differing conclusions. Most of the differences in reported findings are due to varying contexts such as subject of study, age and gender interactions. Research has shown that men perform better than women in certain settings while women outperform men in other settings (Haist, Wilson, Elam, Blue, & Fosson, 2000). Borde (1998), on the other hand, found no evidence performance being influenced by gender. Based on an analysis of close to two million graduating students, Woodfield and Earl-Novell (2006) found that female students outperformed male students and attributed this partly to female students being more conscientious and thus less likely to miss lectures. With regard to the issue of student age, recent changes in educational policies around the world have led to an increase in the number of mature-age admissions in educational institutions. While a large proportion of undergraduate students are still 19-year olds, the ages of students in classes are now more variable than 10 to 15 years ago.

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

INFLUENCE OF INDUSTRIAL ACTION ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOL RECORDS BY SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOL RECORDS BY SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the factors militating against the management of school record by Secondary School Principals in Oredo Local Government in Edo State. In the course of this study, the descriptive survey research design chosen for the study and simple random techniques were used to get the respondents and data for the survey.A total of sixty respondents were used as the sample study size. The instrument was validated and tested for reliability. Responses from the questionnaires were used to answer the research questions that were raised in the study. From the findings, it was discovered that there is inadequate preparation of records and acute problems in the record keeping process in Secondary Schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Edo State. However, majority of the principals and class teachers do not receive first hand training and orientation in record keeping. In addition records are still kept manually in these Secondary Schools, which in most case result missing records. It was also discovered that modern technology like computers has not been fully absorbed into the system for the purpose of recording keeping.Based on the findings, the study recommended amongst others; the proper training and orientation of staff. Also, full computerization of the secondary School records should be encouraged. Furthermore, filing manual, adequate manual classification, security, storage facilities and fund should be made available to the principals of the Schools. Lastly, appropriate record keeping equipment like metal file cabinets, metal shelves, rubber files, printing machines, photocopying machines should be made available to all staff of the secondary Schools in Oredo Local Government Area.

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST EFFECTIVE MANAGEMENT OF SCHOOL RECORDS BY SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS

PEER GROUP AND CAREER CHOICE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

PEER GROUP AND CAREER CHOICE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

 

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

A peer group is both a social group and a primary group of people. Peer group many be defined as a group of people who share similarities such as age, background, and social status. The members of this group are likely to influence the person the persons behavior and beliefs. Peers groups contain hierarchies and distinct patterns of behavior. The group provides the standard of behavior in form of rules and regulations, dos and don’t attitudes and opinions to be obeyed and upheld by every member of the group. Among peers, children learn to form relationships on their own and have the chance to discuss interest that adults may not share with children, such as clothing and popular music, or may not permit, such as drugs and sex.

 

However, JR Harris (1977) suggests that an individuals peer group significantly influences their intellectual and personal development several longitudinal studies support the conjectures that peer groups significantly affect scholastic achievement, but relatively few studies have examined the effect peer groups have on test of cognitive ability. More so, to attain one goal in life is not an easy task, it involves a rigorous process of decision making, advice and counseling. It is against this background that the choice of subjects for the senior secondary school certificate examination (SSCE) by students is based on the relevance of the subjects to his or her future career, and in most case based on the wishes of peer group and parents. One of the goals of education is that of helping the individual not only to fit into the society properly but also, help to develop the mind of the individual to understand his environment and bring about national consciousness in the life of the individual.

 

Apart from this general aims of education, secondary education s meant to prepare the child for life in the presence of rapid technological and computer age. In this present age of Western education, which has brought with it knowledge explosion, the society has become complex, to the extent that senior secondary school students have become exposed to the problem of choosing from a number of subjects to qualify for the course of their choice in the university. The choice of the subjects is very important because, what ever choice that is made can affect the rest of the students either positively or negatively. According to Durojaiya and Olayinka (1973), most of the time students make unrealistic choices, as such choices are based on encouragement, peer group influence, prestige, occupational value and sex. In the light of the above, it is therefore important for the students to be properly guided in heir choice of career.  This will help the students to choose the courses in which they have aptitude. Presently, Nigeria as a country is unable to provide employment for all her graduates. This is a very big problem because ability to gain employment is the ultimate goal of formal education this problem may have been due to lack of proper students guidance from the lack of guidance and counseling services in the secondary schools.

 

 

Statement of the Problem

 As stated earlier, students of secondary school are prove to a lot of problem while choosing their life career. The major problem that they encounter is that of choosing the subjects that will qualify them for their life career. Some of them depend on either their parents or peer group to choose for them, while others just base the choice on their own personal decisions. The reason why they find themselves in such problems of choice is consequent on the absence of guidance and counselling units in most secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Where they are present, their activities are not felt, as experts are not employed to handle the unit. The result of this situations has not been favourable to both the students and their parents, since majority of them as a result of wrong subjects find it difficult to gain admission into university to start their career and others who manage to enter into the university graduated to sit down at home with out being gainfully employed

 

 

Research Questions

 The following research questions are stated to guide the study.

  1. Does the opinion or suggestion of peers influence students career choice.
  2. Does peers approval influence the career choice of students
  3. Does boys and girls respond differently to the influences of peer group on their career choice.

The Purpose of the Study This research work is aimed at investigating the influence of peer groups on students choice of career. In view of this, the study will:

  1. Find out the extent to which peer opinion or suggestion can influence students choice of career.
  2. Find out if peers approval influence the career choice of students.
  3. Find out if boys and girls respond differently to the influence of peer group on their career choice.

 

The Significance of the Study 

This study when completed will be of great benefit to both the educational planners, parents, teaches, students and the general public. To the educational planners, the study is important because it will help them to take cognizance of the manpower requirements necessary to meet the socio-economic aspirations of all sectors of the economy and therefore, evolve implementable policies and proposals. To the teacher and parents, the study is significant because it will provide them with an insight on how it help students to make wise career choice. To the students, the study is equally significant because it will reveal to tem the factors that can influence their career choice negatively or positively. In addition, the study will aid them in their career choice. Finally, the study is important to the members of the public because, it will assist them to know the amount of knowledge the young adolescent suppose to have as regards career choice the job available not only in Edo State, but in Nigeria as a whole

 

 

Limitation of the Study

 The study was confined only to the senior secondary school students. Time and financial constraints were a major limitation coupled with the small sample used for the study. These problems may have affected the result of the study.

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading PEER GROUP AND CAREER CHOICE OF SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN INTRODUCTORY TECHNOLOGY

FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN INTRODUCTORY TECHNOLOGY

 

 

COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

 

                                   ORDER NOW

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
 GTBANK
Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l
ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

We also accept :   ATM transfer , online money  transfer 

OR
PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>

Call Help Desk Line :  08074466939,08063386834.

After Payment Send Your Payment Details To

08074466939 Or 08063386834,   The Project Title  You  Selected On Our Website , Amount Paid, Depositor Name, Your Email Address, Payment Date. You Will Receive Your Material In Less Than 1 Hour Once We Confirm Your Payment.

WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE

You may also need:  web design company in Nigeria   

Bulk sms company in Nigeria

 

 

ABSTRACT

It is disheartening to say that until recently, Introductory Technology Education was not paid attention to by the introducers and the acquirers. Many people had different notions that introductory technology education is of no and therefore was not given recognition.

Virtually today, introductory Technology has attracted National interest because it is the basis for the technological development of every nation. It was on this background that the researcher unraveled the factors militating against the performance of the students in Introductory Technology in Junior Secondary School level in Nigeria, a case study of Calabar, Cross River State. In the course of the research work, twenty one Introductory Technology teachers were randomly sampled. the work was guided by research questions, monitored and information gathered was analyzed.

Based on the research findings, it was discovered that absence of training facilities, shortage of technical teachers, inadequate finding, vast curriculum and poor recognition and remuneration as well as ineffective guardian and counseling services are identified as the most endemic problems militating against the performance of students in introductory Technology.

Thereafter, conclusion and recommendations were provided for the problems

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       Background of the Study

1.2       Statement of the Problem

1.3       Purpose of the Study

1.4       Significance of the Study

1.5       Research Questions

1.6       Delimitation

1.7       Limitation

1.8       Assumptions of the Study

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1              Historical Evolution of Technology and

Curriculum Innovation in Nigeria

2.2       Report of UNESCO

2.3       Policy planning and implementation

2.4       Economic need for Affiliation and Self Actualization

2.5       Summary of Literature Review

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1       The Design

3.2       The Area of Study

3.3       Population

3.4       Source

3.5       Samples for the Study

3.6       Sampling Technique

3.7       Instrument for Data Collection

3.8       Validity and Reliability of the Instrument

3.9       Administration of Questionnaire

3.10     Data Analysis Techniques

CHAPTER FOUR

PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1       Summary

5.2       Implication of the Study

5.3       Conclusion

5.4       Recommendations

Reference

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1       BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Education is the panacea for technological advancement of any nation. The progress of any nation depends largely on the technological know – how of that country. It was in realization of the fact that only technological education can emancipate us from the western economic and technological slavery, that the National Policy on Education (1977), revised (1981) recommended expand technical institutions in the country. In 1979, all secondary schools in the country were required to offer Introductory Technology along side other subjects as one of the compulsion subjects at the Junior Secondary School Level.

It has been observed that the curriculum of our schools before the introduction of the 6-3-3-4 system was too academic, theoretically oriented and failed to address the needs and aspirations of the Nation. The system turned out job seekers instead of job creators. The search for a functional curriculum, which will address the needs and yearning of the nation, led to the emergence of the 6- 3- 3-4 system in 1982. The curriculum contains among other things pre-vocational subjects, which included introductory technology; Home Economics and Business Education, which are compulsory at the Junior Secondary Schools.

Introductory technology as an integrated subject included- woodwork, metal work, basic electricity /electronics, building construction, technical drawing, plastic and rubber technology, and auto/ mechanical work. Introductory technology lays the foundation for the acquisition of skills and knowledge that are basic for technological development. The skills and knowledge acquired at the this level will equip the students to be self reliant if they are unable to study beyond the Junior Secondary School Level.

According to Nnadi (1988) “The new system would ensure that the basic foundation is laid easily for the acquisition and utilization of knowledge and skill on which the technological programme the country would continue to depend”. It is intended that the programme would launch Nigeria into the technological new world order.

It is sad to mention that resources are grossly inadequate for the teaching of this important subject in our schools, especially schools in Calabar, Cross River State where, in some places, buildings to house the equipment / machines do not exist, while in some places there and building, equipment and machines but no electricity and workshop exist there by making it difficult for the equipment / machines to be installed.

It is not only the material resources that are in short supply but also human resources and ideologies.

Adigin (1974 :137) indicated that “evidence, abounds to show that the supply of introductory technology teachers is grossly inadequate both in number and quality. Although the literature has shown that there is acute shortage of resources for the teaching of the subject, in other places, it is equally important to ascertain the extent of the factors militating against the performance of students in introductory technology in Cross River State, basically in Calabar Municipal Council Area of the state.

 

 

 

1.2       STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

After graduation of students studying Introductory Technology from the Junior Secondary School Level of Education, they hardly exhibit simple technological skills; hence they fail in most of the challenges they face while in the labour market. With the lack of knowledge of tools and poor standard workshop arrangement, lack of competent instructor, poor guidance and counseling an vast curriculum, all result to some of the factors militating against the performance of students in Introductory Technology in the Junior Secondary School Level.

The questions addressed are as follows:

1.                  What effects does the curriculum has on the performance of the students in Introductory Technology?

2.                  What effects does the available resources for the teaching of introductory technology has on the students?

3.                  What effects does the motivation of technical teachers have on the performance of students in Introductory Technology?

4.                  What effects does effective guidance and counseling has on the performance of Introductory Technology Students?

 

 

1.3       PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of the study is to investigate the factors militating against the performance of students in introductory technology at the Junior secondary school level in Calabar Municipal Council Area of Cross River State precisely, the study tend to:

i.                    Determine the factors responsible for the poor performance of students in Introductory Technology.

ii.                  Assess the condition of services of technical teachers.

iii.                Address the need for students’ guidance and counseling in schools.

iv.                Assess the effectiveness and efficiency of introductory technology teachers.

 

 

1.4       SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The investigations of the study will enable education policy markers in Government, administrators of schools, classroom teachers, industries and the society at large to be aware of the problem of students poor performance introductory technology in the Junior Secondary school level of education, which if not tackled with care can hinder move towards the country’s technological advancement.

The outcome of the study will help technological teachers to adjust and correct their lapses and improve on them efforts made so far for better performance.

Most importantly, students will benefit from the results of this study immensely, in that they will seek proper counseling for purposeful progress in their respective career choice in life.

Finally, the result of this study will be of immense benefit to practicing technical education teachers to be.

 

 

1.5       RESEARCH QUESTIONS

1.                  Do teachers really cover the introductory technology scheme of work?

2.                  What are the available resources for the teaching / learning of introductory technology in Nigeria secondary schools?

3.                  What is the rate of utilization of the resources in the teaching /learning of introductory technology for national development?

4.                  What efforts are being made by school administrators and the Government to encourage technical teachers for effective participation in Nigeria School?

5.                  What are the effects and relevance of guidance and counseling in Nigeria secondary schools for technological development?

1.6       SCOPE

The work of this study was confirmed to Twelve(12) Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipal Area of  Cross River State.

Out of the twelve schools, three are private schools and Nine are government owned secondary schools.

1.8       ASSUMPTIONS OF THE STUDY

With genuine attestation to this study, it was assured that:

i.                    The respondents’ information gathered are authentic and genuine.

ii.                  The teachers used in the study are ideal respondents.

iii.                The data analysis computation is correct.

iv.                The population sample used is large enough to be a representative of the total population with respect to the limited time involved.

 

Click here to download our android mobile app to your phone  for more materials and others

 

 

 

 

For more topics click

Continue reading FACTORS MILITATING AGAINST THE PERFORMANCE OF STUDENTS IN INTRODUCTORY TECHNOLOGY