AN APPRAISAL OF MATERIAL MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE UTILIZATION IN SEVEN-UP BOTTLING COMPANY PLC, KADUNA
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This research work is titled, An Appraisal of Material management and Resource Utilization in Nigerian Bottling Company Plc Kaduna. The study was conducted to bring a better understanding of the Material Management concept and reveal how they utilize their Materials. A survey of carrying out research was employed in the study, questionnaire was employed for instrument of data collection, and the population of the study is 102, while the sample size is 70. It was found out that material management in Nigeria Bottling Company Plc is very effective and reliable. It was concluded that the management of the store of a firm is important because of its likely impact on profitability. It was recommended that body attempt should be made to improve on the firm’s resources’ to the desirable level.
TABLE OF CONT
- Background of the Study
- Statement of the Problem
- Objectives of the Study
- Significance of the Study
- Research Question
- Scope of the Study
- Limitation of the Study
- Historical background of the Case Study
- Defination of terms
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
- Human Resource (Manpower) Planning
- Factors Affecting Human Resource Planning
- Strategies for Human resource Planning
- Productivity in Organization
- Productivity Measurement
- Factors Influencing productivity
- Theories of Motivation
- The Expectancy Theory of Motivation
- Human Resource and Manpower Planning similarities
- Summary of the Chapter
- Research Design
- Research Population
- Sample Size and Sampling Technique
- Method of Gathering data
- Justification of Method Used
- Method of Data Analysis
- Justification of Instrument Used
PRESENTATION OF DATA AND ANALYSIS
- Data Presentation
- Data Analysis
- Test of hypothesis
5.0 SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
- Summary of findings
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Material management is an integrated management approach to the planning, purchasing, warehousing, storekeeping, allocation and movement of needed material from source of user department. It can also be defined as the process of management of goods and materials which involved purchasing, storage, control and transportation.
Material and resource management is a relatively new discipline. The 20th century rapid growth and the attendant industrial growth and the attendant shift of production is relative importance of what is usually referred to as the five “m” which includes machine, materials, men money and management.
The famous industrial revolution about the complexity of materials and the volume of productivity which turn and made materials the largest elements cost in every organization.
At the wake of the 20th century many firms had recognized the importance of materials, several materials activities like purchasing, warehousing, stock control and distribution carried out by the organization.
By the 1950s many firms have identified the need for an effective coordination or integration of such material activities and materials organization tools concepts like those of physical distribution movement, logistics movement and material management were involved so as to check, co-ordination and control of the firm’s materials activities. Globally, there is no clear definition because many institutes and writers have given so many definitions in the area for material management.
According to M.A. Tokunbo (1987) define it in the context of store and material control as compensation, the effective coordination of the principle element.
- Identifying, classifying and coordination of stocks.
- Provision, inventory, control and stress accounting.
- Store-house layout and organization
- In house storage, handing and distribution
- Presentation of material in store.
To these, the material manager has the duty of applying the most suitable techniques in the most effective way to ensure the minimum total costs consistent with providing the services required.
The American production and inventory control society (APICS dictionary of production and inventory control terms) define material management and resource utilization as the grouping of management functions related to the complete cycle of materials flow from the purchase and internal control of work in progress of the product, differed from material control in the latter term, traditionally is limited to internal control of production materials. The key words here are material production or manufacturing process.
In examining the whole definition one could easily notice that they are not quite different from one another, but only the way of approach and little different in terminologies. In this respect material and resource utilization management is not only limited to buy and storing as many view it but also include purchasing, transport and distribution, planning and continuous monitoring.
Today materials and resources utilization are the livelihood of any industry, no industry concern can operate without them. They must be made available at the right time. In the right quantity and at the right place.
The subject matter of this study is material management and resource utilization in an organization. The researcher feels it will be of a great important to various enterprise and organization to conduct a detailed study into stores and purchasing material hence, the researcher aim at identifying the problem for efficient operation in an organization.
The researcher is interested in knowing how material management and resource utilization function act practicable in an organization. As a result of the sophistication in technology at parent coupled with social economic and political changes. Activities could no longer be run without problem and adhoc basis but must be planned moreover when problems are complex in nature by management there is a need to ensure that materials and resources are allocated and used in the most efficient and effective way.
The material management and resource utilization function is also to identify problems by guiding against sub-optimization of the material and resources (under utilization of organizational resources) for this the researcher assist to and acceptable.
Seven-up brand roots go back to 1i920 when C.L. Gregg banked on his 30 years of experience in advertising and merchandising to form the howdy corporation in St. Louis, although he named the company after the Howdy Orange drink he pioneer, goal was to create a wholesome and distinctive soft drink that would prove irresistible to the nation’s consumers.
Gregg spent more than two years testing different formulas of lemon flavored drinks. He settled on one that fulfilled the characteristics sought refreshing, and thirst – quenching. Gregg introduced his new soft drink two weeks before the stock market crash in October 1929.
The earliest Seven-up advertising featured a winged 7up logo and described the soft drink in bottles only seven natural flavors blended into a savory, flavor drink with real wallop Acknowledgement the success for the seven-up trademark bottling company plc was founded in 1959s, seven-up has become the third best selling soft drink in the world.
While in Nigeria, seven-up bottling company plc was founded in 1959 by late Sheikh Mohammed El-Khalil, at Ijora Lagos. Production started on October 1st 1960.
The company brands include Seven-Up, Pepsi, Mirinda (orange, soda tonic, pineapple, green apple) mountain dew and teen lemonade.
The organization had nine operational plants branches across Nigeria which are as follow: Ikeja plant, Ibadan plant, Benin Plant, Ilorin Plant, Enugu Plant, Aba plant, Abuja plant, Kaduna plant, and Kano plant.
The head office of Seven-Up Bottling Company Plc is at Ijora Apape area in Lagos State.
Kaduna Plant which is the plant been used for the case study is situated at Kaduna South, industrial area along Inuwa Abdulkadir road.
The company is committed to a culture of excellence in all their activities. Hence they strive to position the company to meet and exceed the expectation of the employees, customers, suppliers, shareholders, government and its agencies including the general public.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS
Seven-Up Bottling Company Plc as an organization is faced with problems in relation to utilization of material and resources being the utmost thing that are needed to be utilized effectively. The problems facing the material management and resource utilization especially Seven-Up Bottling Company Plc are mainly overstocking or under stocking of materials, obsolescence’s breakage and the economic order. Due to the fact that functions of many purpose, the impact felt positively in the