THE IMPACT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY ON CUSTOMER’S SATISFACTION AND PROFITABILITY IN NIGERIA BANKS. (A CASE STUDY OF TRANS INTERNATIONAL BANK PLC)
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The main objective of any financial institution is to harness their profit making potentials and subsequent development and growth. An the purpose of this study is to urge banks to adopt the efficient use of information technology in all their banking operations. This will in turn load to increased customer’s satisfaction and patronage which will eventually translate into improved deposits. Therefore in this world of dynamism, all banks in order to achieve their set goals must be innovative and adopt the use of computers in their routine operations. It has been proved that the use of computers for auditing and accounting purposes are more efficient and reliable. The bank manager can easily punch the computer from his own office without consulting any of his subordinate and all the information’s he require will appear at a twinkle of an eye. This has gone a long way in maintaining water tight internal control and at the same time reduced fraud in the banking sector.
Data collected were through questionnaires and hypothesis research statements were duely tested using chi-square technique. Data analysis and interpretation gave the following findings:
Information technology has increased customers satisfaction in Trans International Bank PLC.
Information technology has greatly unchanged the profitability of the bank.
Information technology has let to increased bank deposit.
Information technology has led to development and growth of the bank.
Based on my findings, I have recommended that banks should endeavour to:
Computerize fully at aspect of their operations.
Embark on intensive training of their state in order to acquaint them with the uses and applications of computers.
Be prudent in management of their resources and adhere to ethics and law guiding banking operations in Nigeria.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Introduction 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the problems 3
1.3 Purpose of the Study 4
1.4 Research Questions 5
1.5 Research Hypotheses 6
1.6 Significance of the Study 7
1.7 The scope of the study. 9
- Literature Review 10
- Introduction 10
- Information technology and management
information system 11
- The concept of information technology
and competition. 16
- Information technology and the Nigeria
Banking environment. 18
- Effect of information technology on customer’s
satisfaction in Nigeria financial institution. 23
2.6 Profitability of the Nigeria Banking Industry 25
- Research design and Methodology. 27
3.1 Research Design 27
3.2 Area of the study 29
3.3 Population of the study 29
3.4 Sample and sampling technique 29
3.5 Instrument for data collection. 29
3.6 Method of data analysis. 30
- Data Presentation and Analysis 31
4.1 Hypotheses Testing and Results 31
- Findings, Recommendations and conclusion. 45
5.1 Discussion of findings 45
5.2 Recommendations 48
5.3 Conclusion 49
5.4 Limitations of the study. 50
Questionnaire design 54
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY:
Owing to the voluminous work and the need to meet up with customers demand in the banking industry, most banks have developed and adopted the use of high-tech electronic devises such as computers for more efficient services. computer plays a vital role in storage, processing, analysis and retrieval of information’s within a twinkle of an eye. Suffice it to say that electronic banking is the order of the day in most Nigeria banks today. The most important needs of computer is for customers satisfaction and enhanced profitability. Computerized banks quickly respond to customers demands which include; ascertainment of account balance, withdrawal or deposit of cash and other inquires. With the adequate of automatic teller machine (ATM), banks can also offer quicker services to their numerous customers outside the banking hall.
Furthermore, online banking off the customers the opportunity to withdraw or deposit money from their accounts at any branch in Nigeria.
The extend to which electronic banking have aided banks in satisfying their customers and at the same time enhance their profitability is another issue to be examined. Trans international bank Plc (TIBPLC) has been chosen as a case study for the purpose of this project.
Historical Background: Trans international bank plc was established on March, 1989 with its headquarters at Ibadan, Oyo State of Nigeria. As a new generation bank born out of a vision to set standard, in customer satisfaction and profitability making. The seed of passion, creativity and team spirit sown by the founders did not take much time to blossom.
The first nine months of operation recorded an after tax profit of three million and one hundred thousand naira (N3.1million). This grew to N7 million in the year 2000.
Despite the hard economic conditions which led to many banks going distress in the 90 TIB remains solid with a high capital base to date. Since then, it has continued to grow in leaps and sounds. More branches have been opened with within Ibadan and Lagos State. Within it’s twelve years of operations, shareholder fund has grown from N130 million in 1994 to N1.022 billion by the end of year 2003.
Also total deposits and gross earnings grew to N8.7 billion and N1.9 billion respectively. This result into 81.25% and 73% growth between 1999 and 2003 respectively.
TIB is one of the few banks among it’s pears to be quartered in it’s own corporate headquarters christened TIB house.
- STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
Owing to government stringent regulation of banking industry in Nigeria and the need to remain in business, most banks have adopted various measures in order to remain in Business while some have gone distress. Currently every bank is aspected to maintain N25 billion capital base in order to be in operation. TIB Plc is one of the new generation banks that has remained in business within the banking indu