THE IMPACT OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL ON PRODUCTIVITY IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

THE IMPACT OF PRODUCTION PLANNING AND CONTROL ON PRODUCTIVITY IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
(A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN BOTTLING COMPANY [COCA-COLA] KADUNA)

 

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ABSTRACT
This research work, accessing the impact of production planning and control on productivity in the manufacturing industry. This study is focused on Nigeria Bottling Company (Coca-Cola), Kaduna. The study covers five chapters, Chapter one introduces the subject matter and spells out the significance of the study. Chapter two make criteria review of the current literature on the subject matter. The third chapter presents the methods of data collections, chapter four shows the presentations and the analysis of the data collected from the respondents. The fifth chapter shows the summary, recommendation and conclusion. The population for this study covers three hundred staff of Cocacola, the researcher randomly selects thirty staff as his sample size. The hypothesis formulated of his study includes: H0: Effective production planning and control do not enhance organizational productivity. H1: Effective production planning and control enhance organizational productivity. Data collected were presented and analyzed in a tabular form using percentage. It was further tested with the use of chi-square and hypothesis was confirmed.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem – – – – – – 3
1.3 Objectives of the Study – – – – – – 4
1.4 Statement of Hypothesis – – – – – – 5
1.5 Significance of the Study – – – – – – 5
1.6 Scope of the Study – – – – – – – 5
1.7 Limitations of the Study – – – – – – 6
1.8 Historical Background of the Case Study – – – 7
1.9 Definition of Terms – – – – – – – 8

CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 The Meaning of Production – – – – – – 10
2.2 Production Planning – – – – – – – 12
2.3 Production Control – – – – – – – 18
2.4 Planning and Control – – – – – – – 20
2.5 Relationship between Production Planning and Control – 25
2.6 Production Design and Process Planning – – – 25
2.8 Basic Alternative/Process Selection – – – – 27
CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design – – – – – – – 30
3.2 Research Population – – – – – – – 30
3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Techniques – – – – 31
3.4 Methods of Gathering Data – – – – – – 31
3.5 Justification of Method Used – – – – – 33
3.6 Method of Data Analysis – – – – – – 34
3.7 Justification of Instrument Used – – – – – 34
CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Data Presentation – – – – – – – 35
4.2 Data Analysis – – – – – – – – 43
4.3 Test of Hypothesis – – – – – – – 46

CHAPTER FIVE
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Summary – – – – – – – – – 49
5.2 Conclusion – – – – – – – – – 49
5.3 Recommendations – – – – – – – 50
References – – – – – – – – 52
Appendix – – – – – – – – – 54

CHAPTER ONE
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Production Planning and control are terms that though commonly used have witness a lot of changes both in meaning and scope in the past four years, for example, based on the extended view of production to include the tradition of all of production services both as discipline of study and as a profession can now be practiced in all kind of organization. As in other field of management, planning and control forms the primary function of the production management. It is for this reason that this research has decided to take a critical look at production, planning and control as practiced in beverage industrial sector of the Nigeria economy. This is informed by the variety of major product and beverage produce in industry as exemplified by Nigerian Bottling Company (NBC) Kaduna.
Buffa (2002) defined production as the process by which goods and services are created. Production cab be regarded as the central focus of any manufacturing concern. It is that stage where the real action takes place i.e. the transformation of raw materials (input) into finished products (output). The planning and control operation are necessary because in every manufacturing unit there are people, machine and materials. There is the need to plan all expensive resources required for production in order to make effective use of them and maximize profit making for the organization.
Modern production is complex hence both technologically related operation and administrative activities must therefore be planned carefully to make account of all the possible restructure, constraints and advantages. In planning to meet order at less cost in the object of production planning.
According to Mayer (2002), there is a logic behind the operation of the production process, it sterns from the types of technology as well as in type of production in the particular manufacturing process.
Wild (2002) defined production as a managerial function that tends to design, plan what to produce, when to produce, where to produce and for whom to produce, the quantity, the quality to produce and for whom to produce. These function attempts to define the key decision model involved in production i.e. the long term and the short term planning and as well as identify the procedure and their control in a cost effective way.
Apple (2002) defined it as the activity of transforming raw material or component into finished product” whatever the definition it is clear that production essentially entails the production of goods and services.
Production planning involve not only the types of operation to the used but the order of these operations as well as a time or duration the operation should take how the plan should be laid out.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Most organization production certainties are slow and time given to complete a given task always exceeds the expected given time. This study intends to investigate and know the reasons behind productivity among the employees.
And also a times, the use of quantitative techniques in assigning jobs in an organization, it is properly maintained, they get short of material due to lack of good control of stock. The scope and concept of production management is not fully known in some managers. The problem of production planning and control will be discussed in this work and solution.
Lastly, the study intends to know the problems associated with activities of planning in relation to Cocacola Production and Solution suggested.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The following are the objectives of this study:

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