TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS IN MULTI-CAMPUSES IN HIGHER INSTTUTION OF LEARNNG AND THEIR POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS (A CASE STUDY OF I.M.T ENUGU).
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The study has the aim of elaborating on some of the causes of transportation problems in multi-campuses in higher institutions of learning and their possible solution.
The method of research used to collect information for the study is secondary source, with the help of secondary source, the researcher was able to ascertain some of the causes of transportation’s problem in multi-campuses in higher institutions of learning such as bad road etc and their possible solution.
Based on these findings, useful suggestions were equally made on how to solve the problem of transportation in multi-campuses. Some of these suggestions include proper management, re-orientation, abolition of multi-campuses system etc.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 General background to the subject matter
- Problems associated with the subject matter
- The problems that the study will be concerned with
- The Importance of the studying the area
- Definition of important terms
- Literature Review
2.1 School of Thought within the subject area
- The origin of the subject area
- The School of Thought relevant to the problem of study
- Different methods of studying the problem
3.1 Data presentation (Highlights of the subject)
- Analysis of the Data
Life expectance has never met anyone without some hitches. This is a result of the unclear nature of the world we are in. Transportation case, is not an exception, in schools or in the commercial sector, transportation has been a major stumbling block to economic growth.
In our higher institution, especially the multi-campuses, this has gained lots of havoc to the human resource development. This becomes more complex when it has been confirmed that almost nothing is done to alleviate the problem by the authority that be. Education is one of the greatest assets for any nation. It is a long run profitable venture for any nation. Transport to say is the knitting needle with which every other national affair is being brought together and education is not an exception. Due to its prime importance to bringing people in different location together, its negative effect has deterred the advancement of education in higher institutions especially the multi-campus ones. But it, students can go to school and to their home especially for non residential institution or movement from one of the campus to the other.
This project will go into in-depth investigation to find out the causes of this transportation problem in our campuses and possible way out of the problem(s). A case study is the Institute of Management and Technology, Enugu, Enugu State.
At the end of the study, revelations shall be made on how to improve the transportation problem(s) of the multi-campus institution in our nation.
1.1 OVERVIEW OF TRANSPORTATION/GENERAL BACKGROUND TO SUBJECT MATTER:
MODES OF TRANSPORTATION:
The movement of resources, be it human or material is a location of plenty to that of absent or vice versa has unique mode.
The modes of transportation among other includes:
(i) Land transportation
(ii) Water transportation
(iii) Air transportation
(i) LAND TRANSPORTATION:
This form of transport has been as old as man. People, goods and services are conveyed from one place to another by land. This started with long distance transport on foot followed by the use of animals as Horse and Donkeys for carrying loads. Over the years, as man ingenuity to form the earth to his taste increases, he continues to develop easy and faster modes of land transportation. Amongst these are road transportation and rail transportation.
(ii) WATER TRANSPORTATION:
Is the means of carrying goods and services, people from one location to another by water. This is achieved by means of liners, canoes, ships, engine boat etc. It could be within a country (nation) or between two or more countries (international).
In international water transportation, ocean liners, or streamers and tramp liner are used, and it takes place on high seas, oceans and big risers. National is within the water mass of the country; here we have lances, canoes, and engine boats as the transportation means.
Transportation by water is very good and efficient in making long distant Journey. It is most convenient in carrying bulky goods. The weight of goods carried by this means far outweighs any other form of transportation.
(iii) AIR TRANSPORTATION:
This started with the invention of airplane and helicopter and first flown by the WRIGHT BROTHERS. This form is in no doubt the height of means ingenuity to making transportation much more effective, efficient and faster. It is fastest, align much more effective, efficient and fastest. It is fastest, safer and can convey both people, goods and mail at ease. Bulky goods are also flown into air without a do. It makes the farthest distance ever. International travels are made in hours, and minutes. Presently, homage is being paid to other plants like mars, Jupiter etc by an advanced country from aeroplane called space craft.
- PROBLEM ASSOCIATED WITH TRANSPORTATION:
Life is never a mary-go round affair. At one in or the other, unwanted events stand on the way of progress. Transportation also face the same fate. Amongst the problems of transportation are:
(a) Lack of Good Road:
This as a result, great extent militate road transportation case. Our roads are too bad for the vehicle that plays in them. During the season, most of them are so worst that no vehicle can pass, they become barriers in certain places if any driver insist on crossing over, his vehicle with either sink of fail into it and he would have himself to blame.
Weather according to Oxford Advanced Learners of current English defines weather as the climates condition of a place over a period of time. Weather in air travel, aeroplane seldom makes flight when the weather condition is poor. If visibility is poor, flight could be suspended or if there is impending snow fall or hail stone, flight could also be suspended. Likewise countries that experience snowfall avoid transportation within the period of fall till it dries off.
Bad weather condition such as water, trade, wind etc to affect water transportation in the negative way during such period, ocean liner etc take cover at any nearby shore.
(c) Lack of Good Network Roads:
The absence of good road network, militates the free flow of goods, people and services. When two or more places are not properly linked locating an area from another became a tasks which may be foregone unless on strong desire/needs. This could be as a result of natural barriers like mountain, hills, valley or negligence by the authorities concerned.
This is the sole reason why the government of any nation gives a ministry takes care of this problem, ensuring within their capability that the major area are linked up and that there is easy and free flow of traffic in Nigeria the incumbency lies on the Ministry of Works and Housing.
AMONGST THE PROBLEM ARE:
By management we mean poor or improper managing, controlling and co-ordinations of the available resources. With which the school is being run. These resources could be human, such as the staff and student or materials like the school house, machine building etc. In the organization chart of the institution management, we have the personalities at the top, these are managers. They include Vice Chancellor, Deputy Vice Chancellor, the Registrar, Deans of Faculty, Heads of Department etc. Misdirection of the duties has really shown in many other sections of the institution management and has not only caused the problem of transportation of a lot have led to many hydra-headed problem to the institution as a whole.
This management can be seen in the following areas:
(i) Laissez Faire Attitude of the Management over the Proper Maintenance of the School Vehicles:
The Enugu Campus (UNEC) of the institution has a work department which is more or less a camouflage or museum in the sense that the place is infested of spoilt vans littered here and there none is functional or more to put anyone functional being made. The place has turned out to be a dumping ground for damaged van rather than vehicle maintenance unit. Even though the school is child of the nation and should be given maximum attention, setting the standard for other schools to follow. Transportation problem still torment the school.
Last time in June 2000, when the student of the school was assassinated by unknown men in this campus, the students wanted to take him to the UNTH to their dismay, this only Mercedes being car meant for emergency van, was said to have no flue in this student got furious by this and since they couldn’t got any vehicle to rush him to the hospital because it was at night 11.00am, this made them to act otherwise and the car was damaged entirely by the students who couldn’t control their furry.
(ii) Excess Admission of Students:
The UNN of yester-years is no longer to UNN of present. Then, when admission was purely on merit and within a certain range of student per department for school for years. This time a class exceeds one hundred (100) student as against the classroom standard of 25-50. This overcrowded situation makes consumable resources transportation. In particular, sources because the students wouldn’t be well accommodated within the school thereby forcing them to live off-campus.