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In consonance with its transition of civil rule programme by the federal government this year, a lot of changes are being carried ou tin the local government.

First was the election of the local government chairman and councilors on the 12th December 1987, followed by the appointment of sole administrators and replaced by the caretaker committee in 1990.  The current changes include the elected councilors forming he legislature and the secretary appointed supervisory, education etc. as is obtained in the sate government.

These spectacular actions of the federal government has given credence to new directions in the operation of the local government system in Nigeria (Nzelibe, 1990).

It is further to be noted that the federal government from ten percent to twenty five percent, in addition to the ten percent state generated revenue and the internal sources available to them.

With all these funds now available to them and the increase in their responsibilities especially the funding of primary school education, it becomes more important than before that the accounts of the local government should be audited in order to ensure that the money is judiciously used and channeled to the projects meant for them.

In this direction, this research work tries to find out the problem associated with financial control in Enugu south local government so as to proffer solution in order to make the local government more efficient and capable of rendering the services for which it were established.






1.1     Background of the study –         –         –         –         –         –

1.2     Statement of the problem –         –         –         –         –         –

  • Purpose of the study –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Scope of the study – –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Research questions –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Research hypothesis –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Significant of the study –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Limitation of the study –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Definition of the terms –         –         –         –         –         –

References   –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –



REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE      –         –         –         –

  • Literature review –         –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Objectives of Local Government –         –         –         –
  • Objectives of Local Government Research –         –         –
  • Sources of revenue of Local Governments –         –         –

2.5     Financial Control of Local Government         –         –         –

2.6     Local Government Finance        –         –         –         –         –

2.7     Area of Involvement of Local Government in Economic

Development         –         –         –         –         –         –         –






3.1     Research design     –         –         ­-         ­-         –         –         –

  • Area of study –         –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Population of the study –         –         –         –         –         –
  • Sample and sampling procedure –         –         –         –
  • Instrument of data collection –         –         –         –         –
  • Validation of the instrument –         –         –         –         –
  • Reliability of the instrument –         –         –         –         –
  • Method of data collection – –         –         –         –
  • Method of data analysis –         –         –         –         –         –




4.1     Presentation and analysis of data         –         –         –         –

4.2     Testing of hypothesis       –         –         –         –         –         –

4.3     Summary of results          –         –         –         –         –         –



5.1     Discussion of results findings    –         –         –         –         –

5.2     Conclusions –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –

5.3     Implications           –         –         –         –         –         –         –

5.4     Recommendations –                  –         –         –         –         –

5.5     Suggestions for further research          –         –         –         –         –

BIBLIOGRAPHY –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –

APPENDIX –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –         –







Nigeria local government system is as old as Nigeria creation.  Even before the arrival of he British to Nigeria and introduction of modern system of local government, the traditional system of local governance exists.  However, with the traditional system of governance, which was administered by the local people, the issue of financial control more often than not generates problems between the operators and the governed and atimes between the operators themselves.


During the colonial rule the British divided Nigeria into regions, districts and divisions.  The districts were then like what we call today local government areas.  While the central government controls the entire country, it gave the subordinate units some degree of independence in the control of its affairs and provision of certain amenities in the local areas.


Prior to the lunching of the 1976 local government reforms, all the regional (states) governments without excerptors created, modified and manipulated local government system and institutions as the considered expenditure.  The practice was not suitable and this brought about for a uniform local government system.  It is on this ground that a new local government system popularly called “1976 local government reforms” metamorphosed.


Ugwu, (1991:11) states that it is therefore the guest for effectiveness, good functioning and liability of our local government system that brought about this decentralization of the power of our federal government – by creation of a new uniform local government system with the 1976 local government reforms.


According to paragraph seven of the 1976 local government reforms, the term tier is designed as a set of local government with their own identity, powers and sources of revenue established under state legislation and with functions for which they have been responsible to the state.


The guide line equal articulated the following objectives of the new local government reforms:

  1. To enable the people to respond to service and development activities in their communities through their representative bodies.
  2. To mobilize human and material resources through the involvement and participation of the people in the programme for the development of their communities.
  3. To create favourable condition for democratic development initiative and qualities of among the people.
  4. To enhance the sense of belonging and security through the effective communication between the local government communities and the three levels of government in Nigeria.
  5. To provide a two way channel of communication between local communities and government (both state and federal).
  6. To bring government nearer to the people and guarantee reasonably, adequate functions, financed resources and staff for local government.


It is important to state that despite the various reforms that were equally other structural led to the creation of local government in Nigeria from 229 in 1977 to 301 in 1987.  In 1989 we had 589 and presently we have 774 local government areas in Nigeria.  Enugu south local government areas which we used as a case study was created in 1991 by the General Ibrahim Badamosi Babangida led administration.


It is therefore, necessary to state that despite all the guidelines structural and managerial reforms, all the financial control approaches in the local government system have not achieved maximum result and it is in this basic that there is the need for the study.



According to Odenigwe (1977:19) local government is defined as a system of local administration under which local communities and towns are organized to maintain law and order, provide limited range of social services, public amenities and encouragement co-operation and participation of the inhabitants in joint and endavours towards the improvement of their condition of living.  Form the above definition…




This article highlights various college of education, polytechnics, universities website in Nigeria.


Adeyemi College of Education, Ondo,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Alvan Ikoku College of Education, Owerri,

Federal College of Educ. Abeokuta,

Federal College of Education, Eha-Amufu,

Federal College of Education, Kano,

Federal College of Education, Katsina,

Federal college of Education, Kontagora,

Federal College of Education, Obudu,

Federal College of Education, Okene,

Federal College of Education, Okene,

Federal College of Education, Pankshin,

 Federal College of Education, Yola,

Federal College of Education, Zaria,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Asaba,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Bichi,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Gombe,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Gusau,

Federal College of Education (Technical), Omoku,

Federal College of Education (Special) Oyo,

State college of education

College of Education, Agbor,

Akwa-Ibom State College of Education, Afaha-Nsit,

College of Education, Akwanga, ., form and admissions list

College of Education, Akwanga,

Cross River State College of Education, Akamkpa,

Adamu Augie College of Education, Argungu,

College of Education, Azare,

Bayelsa State College of Education, Okpoama,

Emmanuel Alyande College of Education, Oyo,

Enugu State College of Education (Tech.) Enugu,

College of Education, Ekiadolor,

Umar Suleiman College of Education, Gashua,

College of Education, Gindiri,

Michael Otedola College of Primary Education, Moforiji,

College of Education, Port Harcourt,

Adeniran Ogunsanya College of Education, Otto,

Tai Solarin College of Education, Ijebu-Ode,

Tai Solarin College of Education, Ijebu-Ode,

Ebonyi State College of Education, Ikwo,

College of Education, Ikere,

College of Education, Ilesha, .

College of Education, Ilesha,

College of Education, Ilorin,

College of Education, Jalingo,

Kano State College of Education, Kumbotso,

College of Education, Benue,

Kebbi State College of Education, Argungu,

College of Education, Minna,

Nwafor Orizu College of Education, Nsugbe,

College of Education, Oju,

College of Education, Oro,

College of Education, Oro,

Oyo State College of Education, Oyo,

College of Education, Warri,

College of Education, Warri,

FCT College of Education, Zuba,

Private college of education in Nigeria

Angel Crown College of Education, Gidan-Daya, .

Elder Oyama Memorial College of Education, Ofat-Adun,

Assanusiyah College of Education, Odeomu,

African Thinkers Community of inquiry College of Education,

Best Legacy College of Education, Ikirun,

Bauchi Institute for Arabic and Islamic Studies, .

Calvin Foundation College of Education, Naka,

Harvard Wilson College of Education, Aba,

Hill College of Education, Akwanga,

Institute of Ecumenical Education, Enugu,

College of Education, Foreign Links Campus Moro,

College of Education, Foreign Links Campus Moro,

Diamond College of education aba

Muhyideen College of Education, Ilorin,  

ONIT College of Education, Abagana, .

The African Church College of Education, Lagos,

St. Augustine College of Education, Yaba,

Yewa Central College of Education, Ogun,

List of Federal Universities in Nigeria

Abubakar Tafawa Belewa University,

Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria,

Bayero University, Kano,

Federal University, Gashua,

Federal University of Tech, Akure,

Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun,

Federal University of Technology, Minna,

Federal University of technology, Owerri,

Federal University Dutse,

Federal University Dutsin-Ma,

Federal University, Ndufu-Alike,

Federal University, Otuoke,

Federal University, Wukari,

Federal University, Birnin Kebbi,

Federal University, Gusau

Michael Okpara Univeristy of Agric, Umudike, .

Modibbo Adama University of Tech, Yola, .

National Open University of Nigeria,

Nigeria Police Academy Wudil, .

Nigeria defense Academy, Kaduna, .

Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka,

Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, .

University of Abuja, Gwagwalada, .

University of Agriculture Abeokuta,

University of Agriculture Markurdi,

University of Benin,

University of Calabar,

University of Lagos,

University of Maiduguri,

University of Nigeria Nsukka,

University of Port-Harcourt

University of Uyo, .

Usmanu Danfodiyo University,

List of State Universities in Nigeria admission list

Abia State University, Uturu,

Adamawa State University, Mubi,

Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba,

Amrose Alli University, Ikot Akpaden,

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli,

Anambra State University of Sc. & Tech, Uli,

Bauchi State Unibversity, Gadau,

Benue State University Markurdi,

Bukar Abba Ibrahim University, Damaturu,

Cross River State University of Sc. & Tech, Calabar, .

Delta State University Abraka,

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki,

Ekiti State University,

Enugu State University of Sc. & Tech. Enugu,

Gombe State University, Gombe

Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University,

Ignatius Ajuru University of Education,

Imo state University,Owerri,

Jigawa State University,

Kaduna State University, Kaduna

Kano University of Sc. & Tech, Wudil

Kebbi State University, Kebbi,

Kogi State University, Anyigba,.

Kwara State University, Ilorin, .

Ladoke Akintola university of Tech,

Lagos State University Ojo,

Nasarawa State University, Keffi,

Niger Delta University, Yenagoe,

Olabisi Onabanjo University Ago-Iwoye,

Ondo State University of Sc. & Tech, Okitipupa,

Osun State University, Oshogbo,

Plateau State University, Bokkos,

Rivers State University of Sc. & Tech,

Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu-ode,

Taraba State University, Jalingo,

Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University,

Private Universities

Achievers University, Owo,

Adeleke University, Ede,

Afe Babalola University, Ado- Ekiti,

African University of Sc. & Tech, Abuja,

Al-hikmah University, Ilorin,

Ajayi Crowther University, Ibadan,

Al-Qalam University, Katsina,

American University of Nigeria, Yola, .

Babcock University, Ilishan,

Baze University,

Bells University of Technology, Otta,

Benson Idahosa University, Benin,

Bingham University, New Karu,

Bowen University, Iwo,

Caleb University, Lagos, .

Caritas University, Enugu,

CETEP City University, Lagos,

Covenant University, Ota,

Crawford University, Igbesa,

Crescent University,

Elizade University, Ilara-mokin, .

Fountain University, Oshogbo,

Gregory University, Uturu,

Hallmark University,

Igbinedion University, Okada

Joseph Ayo Babalola University,Ikeji,

Kwararafa University, Wukari,

Lead City University, Ibadan,

Madonna University, Okija

Mcpherson University, Seriki

Nigerian-Turkish Nile University, Abuja,

Novena University, Ogume,

Obong University, Obong Ntak, .

Oduduwa University, Ipetumodu,

Pan-African University, Lagos,

Paul University, Awka,

Redeemer’s University, Mowe,

Renaissance University, Enugu,

Salem University, Lokoja,]

Tansian University, Umunya, .

University of Mkar

Veritas University, .

Wellspring University, Edo, .

Wesley University of Sc. & Tech, Ondo,

Western Delta University, Oghara

List of all the Federal Polytechnics in Nigeria

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Air Force Institute of Technology Nigerian Air Force,

    Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

     Auchi Polytechnic .

     Auchi Polytechnic .

    Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti

Federal Polytechnic, Ado-Ekiti .

Federal Polytechnic, Bauchi, .

    Federal Polytechnic, Bida,

 Federal Polytechnic, Bida,

   Federal Polytechnic, Damaturu,

     Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State,

 Federal Polytechnic, Ede, Osun State,

 Federal Polytechnic, Ida,

   Federal Polytechnic, Ida, .

  Federal Polytechnic, Ilaro,

     Federal Polytechnic, Ile-Oluji, Ondo State,

    Federal Polytechnic, Mubi,

   Federal Polytechnic, Namoda,

   Federal Polytechnic, Nassarawa,

  Federal Polytechnic, Nekede,

    Federal Polytechnic, Nekede,

Federal Polytechnic, Offa,

 Federal Polytechnic, Offa,

 Federal Polytechnic, Oko,

Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy,

Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna,

Hussaini Adamu Federal Polytechnic,

Nigeria Army School of Military Engineering,

Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology

Waziri Umaru Federal Polytechnic Birnin Kebbi,

Yaba College of Tech,

List of State Polytechnics in Nigeria

 Abraham Adesanya Polytechnic, Ijebu-Igbo,

Abia State Polytechnic, .

Adamawa State Polytechnic,

Akwa-Ibom State Polytechnic, Ikot-Osurua,

Benue State Poly, Ugbokolo,

Gateway Polytechnic, Igbesa,

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,

Rufus Giwa Polytechnic,

The Polytechnic, Ibadan, .

Institute of Mgt. and Tech,

Imo State Polytechnic, Umuagwo

Kano State Polytechnic,

Kogi State Polytechnic, Lokoja,

Kwara State Polytechnic, Ilorin,

Lagos State Poly, Ikorodu,

Moshood Abiola Poly,

Nasarawa State Polytechnic

Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ogwashi-Uku,

Osun State Poly, Iree,

Osun State Poly, Iree,

Osun State College of Tech, Esa-Oke,

Delta State Polytechnic, Ozoro,

Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin-Ladi,

Adamawa State Poly,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science,

Rivers State College of Arts and Science

Rivers State Polytechnic,

Gateway Polytechnic Saapade

Edo State Inst. of Tech and Mgt, Usen,

Niger State Poly, Zungeru, Niger State,

List of Private Polytechnics in Nigeria

Allover Central Polytechnic,

Crown Polytechnics,

Covenant Polytechnic,

Dorben Polytechnic, Bwari-Garam Road,

Fidei Polytechnic, Gboko,

Grace Polytechnic,

Grace Polytechnic,

Igbajo Polytechnic,

The Polytechnic, Ile-Ife, NITEL Road

Lagos City Poly, Ikeja, Lagos State,

Light House Polytechnic, Eubuobanosa,

Interlink Polytechnic,

Kings Polytechnic, Ubiaja,

RONIK Polytechnic,

Shaka Polytechnic, Polytechnic, Benin city,

Temple-Gate Polytechnic,

Wolex Polytechnic

Prime Polytechnic

The Polytechnic Imesi-Ile, Osun

Heritage Polytechnic, Ikot Udota

Ibadan City Polytechnic

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